the Week of Proper 4 / Ordinary 9
Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary Greek Lexicon
Strong's #1247 - διακονέω
- to be a servant, attendant, domestic, to serve, wait upon
- to minister to one, render ministering offices to
- to be served, ministered unto
- to wait at a table and offer food and drink to the guests,
- of women preparing food
- to minister i.e. supply food and necessities of life
- to relieve one's necessities (e.g. by collecting alms), to provide take care of, distribute, the things necessary to sustain life
- to take care of the poor and the sick, who administer the office of a deacon
- in Christian churches to serve as deacons
- to minister
- to attend to anything, that may serve another's interests
- to minister a thing to one, to serve one or by supplying any thing
- to minister to one, render ministering offices to
Ion. διηκ-, impf. ἐδιακόνουν E. Cyc. 406 (dub.), Alc. Com. 13, Nicostr.Com. 36; later διηκόνουν Matthew 4:11 : fut. -ήσω Hdt. 4.154, Pl. Grg. 521a: aor. διηκόνησα Aristid. 2.198 J.; inf. -ῆσαι Antipho 1.16: pf. δεδιακόνηκα Arched. 3.8: — Med., impf. διηκονούμην Luc. Philops. 35: fut. -ήσομαι Id. DDeor. 4.4: aor. διηκονησάμην Id. Tyr. 22: — Pass., fut. δεδιακονήσομαι J. AJ 18.8.7: aor. ἐδιακονήθην D. 50.2: pf. δεδιακόνημαι, v. infr. 11: (διάκονος): —
1. minister, do service, abs., E. Ion 396, Ar. Av. 1323, POxy. 275.10 (i A.D.): c. dat. pers., [*][*][*][*] D. 10.60, etc.; δ. διηκονικὰ ἔργα Arist. Pol. 1333a8; δ. ὑποθήκαις τινς Antipho 1.17; δ. παρὰ τῷ δετῃ Posidipp. 2; δ. πρὸς  καὶ πρᾶσιν Pl. R. 371d: — Med., minister to one's own needs, serve oneself, S. Ph. 287; αὑτῷ διακονεῖται Ar. Ach. 1017; διακονοῦντες καὶ διακονούμενοι ἑαυτοῖς acting as servants and serving themselves, Pl. Lg. 763a: also simply like Act., οἶνον ἡμῖν χρυσίῳ διακονούμενοι Luc. Asin. 53, cf. Lib. Or. 53.9: — Pass., to be served, οὐκ ἦλθε διακονηθῆναι ἀλλὰ διακονῆσαι Matthew 20:28.
2. to be a deacon, 1 Timothy 3:10; 1 Timothy 3:13.
II c.acc.rei, render a service, τινὶ ὅ τι ἂν δεηθῇ Hdt. 4.154, cf. Pl. Plt. 290a; δ. γάμους Posidipp. 26.19: — Pass., to be supplied, τῇ πόλει ἐδιακονήθησαν [αἱ πράξεις ] D. 50.2; τῶν καλῶς δεδιακονημένων Id. 51.7: c. dat. instr., ἐκπώμασι διακονείσθωσαν OGI 383.159 (i B.C.).
διακονέω, διακόνῳ; imperfect διηκόνουν (as if the verb were compounded of διά and ἀκονέω, for the rarer and earlier form ἐδιακονουν, cf. Buttmann, 35 (31); Ph. Alexander Buttmann (1873) Ausf. Spr. § 86 Anm. 6; Krüger, § 28, 14, 13); (future διακονήσω); 1 aorist διηκόνησα (for the earlier ἐδιακόνησα); passive, present participle διακονουμενος; 1 aorist infinitive διακονηθῆναι, participle διακονηθεις; (διάκονος, which see); in Greek writings from (Sophocles), Herodotus down; to be a servant, attendant, domestic; to serve, wait upon;
1. universally: (absolutely ὁ διακονῶν, Luke 22:26); with the dative of person to minister to one; render ministering offices to: John 12:26; Acts 19:22; Philemon 1:13; passive to be served, ministered unto (Winers Grammar, § 39, 1; (Buttmann, 188 (163))): Matthew 20:28; Mark 10:45.
2. Like the Latinministrare, to wait at table and offer food and drink to the guests, (cf. Winer's Grammar, 593 (552)): with the dative of person, Matthew 4:11; Matthew 8:15; Mark 1:13, 31; Luke 4:39; Luke 12:37; Luke 17:8; absolutely ὁ διακονῶν, Luke 22:27; so also of women preparing food, Luke 10:40; John 12:2; (Menander quoted in Athen. 6 c. 46, p. 245 c.; Anacreon (
3. to minister, i. e. supply food and the necessaries of life: with the dative of person, Matthew 25:44; Matthew 27:55; Mark 15:41; διηκόνουν αὐτοῖς ἐκ: (Rec. ἀπό) τῶν ὑπαρχόντων αὐταῖς, Luke 8:3; to relieve one's necessities (e. g. by collecting alms): Romans 15:25; Hebrews 6:10 τραπέζαις, to provide, take care of, distribute, the things necessary to sustain life, Acts 6:2. absolutely, those are said διακονεῖν, i. e. to take care of the poor and the sick, who administer the office of deacon (see διάκονος, 2) in the Christian churches, to serve as deacons: 1 Timothy 3:10, 13; 1 Peter 4:11 (many take this last example in a general rather than an official sense).
4. with the accusative of the thing, to minister, i. e. attend to, anything, that may serve another's interests: χάρις διακονουμένῃ ὑφ' ἡμῶν, 2 Corinthians 8:19; (ἁδρότης, ibid. 20); ὅσα διηκόνησε, how many things I owe to his ministration, 2 Timothy 1:18; ἐπιστολή διακονηθεῖσα ὑφ' ἡμῶν, an epistle written, as it were, by our serving as amanuenses, 2 Corinthians 3:3. with the accusative of the thing and the dative of person, to minister a thing unto one, to serve one with or by supplying anything: 1 Peter 1:12; τί εἰς ἑαυτούς, i. e. εἰς ἀλλήλους, to one another, for mutual use, 1 Peter 4:10.
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* διακονέω , ῶ
(< δίακονος );
1. generally, to minister, serre, wait upon, especially at table, to do one a service, cure for one's needs: absol., Matthew 20:28, Mark 10:45, Luke 10:40; Luke 22:26-27, John 12:2, 1 Peter 4:11; ὅσα διηκόνησεν , 2 Timothy 1:18; c. dat. pers., Matthew 4:11; Matthew 8:15; Matthew 25:44; Matthew 27:55, Mark 1:13; Mark 1:31; Mark 15:41, Luke 4:39; Luke 8:3; Luke 12:37; Luke 17:8, John 12:26, Acts 6:2; Acts 19:22, Romans 15:25, Philemon 1:13, Hebrews 6:10.
2. to serve as deacon: 1 Timothy 3:10; 1 Timothy 3:13.
3. C. acc rei, to minister, supply, supply by ministration: 1 Peter 1:12; 1 Peter 4:10; pass., 2 Corinthians 3:3; 2 Corinthians 8:19-20.†
SYN.: λειτουργέω G3008, q.v. (Cremer, 179).
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
In P Oxy II. 275.10 (A.D. 66) (= Selections, p. 55) a lad is apprenticed by his father — διακονοῦ (ν)τα καὶ ποιο [ῦ ]ντα πάντα τὰ ἐπιτασσόμενα αὐτῷ, ";to serve and to do everything commanded him."; For the construction with the dat., see BGU I. 261.26 (? ii/iii A.D.) ἔγραψες Ἡρᾶτι. . ἵνα διακονέσσι (l. διακονήσει) ἱμῖν (l. ἡμῖν). The pass. is found OGIS 383.159 (middle of i/B.C.) τοῖς τε ἐκπώμασιν οἷς ἐγὼ καθειέρωσα διακονείσθωσαν.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org.
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