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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #134 - αἰνέω

from (G136)
Parts of Speech
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  1. to praise, extol, to sing praises in honour to God
  2. to allow, recommend
  3. to promise or vow
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 369 ‑ אַיִן (ay'‑yin);  1288 ‑ בָּרַךְ (baw‑rak');  1927 ‑ הֲדָרָה (had‑aw‑raw');  1984 ‑ הָלַל (haw‑lal');  3034 ‑ יָדָה (yaw‑daw');  7321 ‑ רוּעַ (roo‑ah');  7623 ‑ שָׁבַח (shaw‑bakh');  7891 ‑ שׁוּר (sheer, shoor);  
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (10)
Luke 4
Acts 3
Romans 2
Revelation 1
NAS (9)
Luke 3
Acts 3
Romans 1
Revelation 2
HCS (8)
Luke 3
Acts 3
Romans 1
Revelation 1
BSB (8)
Luke 3
Acts 3
Romans 1
Revelation 1
ESV (8)
Luke 3
Acts 3
Romans 1
Revelation 1
WEB (9)
Luke 4
Acts 3
Romans 1
Revelation 1
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions


I (cf. αἴνημι, αἰνίζομαι), impf. ᾔνουν E. Hec. 1154, Ion. αἴνεον Hdt. 3.73: fut. αἰνήσω Od. 16.380, Thgn. 1080, Pi. N. 1.72; in Att. Poets always αἰνέσω, as in Pi. N. 7.63, Semon. 7.112: aor. ᾔνησα Hom., opt. αἰνήσειε Simon. 57.1; Dor. αἴνησα Pi. P. 3.13; in Att. always ᾔνεσα, Ion. αἴνεσα Hdt. 5.113: pf. ᾔνεκα (ἐπ-) Isoc. 12.207: Med., fut. αἰνέσομαι (only in compds. ἐπ-, παρ-): Pass., aor. part. αἰνεθείς Hdt. 5.102: pf. ᾔνημαι (ἐπ-) Hp. Acut. 51, Isoc. 12.233. Poet. and Ion. Verb, very rare in good Att. Prose (Pl. R. 404d, Lg. 952c), ἐπαινέω being used instead: properly, tell, speak of, A. Ag. 98, 1482 (both lyr.), Ch. 192; σε κρηγύην αἰνεῖ reports of you as honest, Herod. 4.47.

II usu.

1. praise, approve, opp. ϝεικέω, ψέγω, Il. 10.249, Thgn. 612, etc.; ἀνδρὸς ὃν οὐδ' αἰνεῖν τοῖσι κακοῖσι θέμις Arist. Fr. 673: Pass., ὑπὸ Σιμωνίδεω αἰνεθείς Hdt. 5.102; ἐπ' ἔργμασιν ἐσθλοῖς Theoc. 16.15. esp. in religious sense, glorify God, LXX 1 Chronicles 16:4, Luke 2:13, PMag.Par. 1.1146, al.: also c. dat., τῷ κυρίῳ, τῷ θεῷ, LXX 1 Chronicles 16:36, Revelation 19:5.

2. approve, advise, recommend Od. 16.380, 403: c. inf., recommend to do a thing, euphem. for κελεύω, A. Ch. 555, 715: c. part., αἰνεῖν ἰόντα to commend one's going, Id. Pers. 643: — ὦ δεινὸν αἶνον αἰνέσας giver of dire counsel, S. Ph. 1380: c. acc. rei, to be content with, acquiesce in, γάμον Pi. P. 3.13, cf. N. 1.72, A. Eu. 469, Supp. 902, 1070 (lyr.), E. Med. 1157; θῆσσαν τράπεζαν αἰνέσαι Id. Alc. 2.

3. praise, with collateral sense, decline courteously, νῇ ὀλίγην αἰνεῖν, μεγάλῃ δ' ἐνὶ φορτία θέσθαι Hes. Op. 643 (cf. Plu. 2.22f), cf. S. Fr. 109; but, thank, cj.in E. Supp. 388.

4. abs., approve, ὁ δᾶμος αἰνεῖ IG 9(1).119 (Locr.).

III to promise or vow, τινί τι or τινὶ ποιεῖν τι, S. Ph. 1398, E. Alc. 12.

Thayer's Expanded Definition

αἰνέω, (ῶ; (found in secular authors of every age (only twice in good Attic prose (where ἐπαινέω παραινέω. etc, take its place), Veitch), but especially frequent in the Sept. and the Apocrypha of the O. T.; from αἶνος); to praise, extol: τόν Θεόν, Luke 2:13, 20; Luke 19:37; Luke 24:53 (WH omit; Tr text brackets); Acts 2:47; Acts 3:8; Romans 15:11; with the dative of person, τῷ Θεῷ, to sing praises in honor of God, Revelation 19:5 L T Tr WH, as the Sept. in 2 Chronicles 7:3 (for (לְ הודָה), 1 Chronicles 16:36; 1 Chronicles 23:5; Jeremiah 20:13 etc. (for לְ הִלֵּל); (Winers Grammar, § 31, 1 f.; Buttmann, 176 (153). Compare: ἐπαινέω, παραινέω.)

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

αἰνέω , -

(<αἶνος ), poët., Ion, and late prose (MM, VGT, s.v.) for cl. ἐπαινέω ,

[in LXX chiefly for H1984, H3034;]

to praise: c. acc, τ . θεόν , Luke 2:13; Luke 2:20; Luke 19:37; Luke 24:53, Acts 2:47; Acts 3:8-9, Romans 15:11; c. dat., τ . θεῷ (Jeremiah 20:13, al. for H1984; v. Field, Notes, 245), Revelation 19:5.†

SYN.: ἐξομολογέω G1843, εὐλογέω G2127, εὐχαριστέω G2168, μακαρίζω G3106 (v. DCG, i, 211).

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

Dittenberger, in his note on Syll 835.8 (iv/B.C., Elatea) [ὁ δᾶμ ]ος αἰνεῖ, observes that the use of the verb belongs to the older language. But Plutarch has it occasionally; and in the LXX it is four times as frequent as ἐπαινέω, especially in the sense of praising God.


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
αίνει αινειν αινείν αίνειν αἰνεῖν αινείσθω Αινειτε αινείτε Αἰνεῖτε αινείτω αινέσαι αινέσαντες αινέσατε αινεσάτω αινεσάτωσαν αινέσει αινέσετε αινέσουσι αινέσουσί αινέσουσιν αινέσω αινή αινήν αινούμεν αινουντα αινούντα αἰνοῦντα αινούντας αινουντες αινούντες αἰνοῦντες αινουντων αινούντων αἰνούντων αινώ αινων αινών αἰνῶν ήνεσα ήνεσαν ήνεσάν ήνεσας ήνεσάσε ήνεσεν ainein aineîn Aineite Aineîte ainon ainôn ainōn ainō̂n ainounta ainoûnta ainountes ainoûntes ainounton ainountōn ainoúnton ainoúntōn
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