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Bible Lexicons

Old Testament Hebrew Lexical DictionaryHebrew Lexicon

Strong's #7623 - שָׁבַח

a primitive root
Parts of Speech
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1) to soothe, still, stroke

1a) (Piel) to soothe, still

1b) (Hiphil) stilling (participle)

2) to laud, praise, commend

2a) (Piel)

2a1) to laud, praise (God)

2a2) to commend, congratulate (the dead)

2b) (Hithpael) to boast

Greek Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 2744 ‑ καυχάομαι (kow‑khah'‑om‑ahee);  134 ‑ αἰνέω (ahee‑neh'‑o);  1867 ‑ ἐπαινέω (ep‑ahee‑neh'‑o);  1950 ‑ ἐπιλανθάνομαι (ep‑ee‑lan‑than'‑om‑ahee);  
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (11)
1 Chronicles 1
Psalms 7
Proverbs 1
Ecclesiastes 2
HCS (0)
HCS (11)
1 Chronicles 1
Psalms 7
Proverbs 1
Ecclesiastes 2
BSB (11)
1 Chronicles 1
Psalms 7
Proverbs 1
Ecclesiastes 2
ESV (11)
1 Chronicles 1
Psalms 6
Proverbs 1
Ecclesiastes 3
WEB (10)
1 Chronicles 1
Psalms 6
Proverbs 1
Ecclesiastes 2
Ancient Hebrew Lexicon Definitions

2804) hbs (סהבהה ShBHh) AC: Still CO: ? AB: ?: A calming or quieting of something by speaking or stroking smoothly.

V) hbs (סהבהה ShBHh) - Still: To refrain from moving and be calm. [Hebrew and Aramaic] KJV (16): (vf: Hiphil, Hitpael, Piel, Participle) praise, still, keep, glory, triumph, commend - Strongs: H7623 (שָׁבַח), H7624 (שְׁבַח)

AHL Definitions Copyright: ©1999-2023
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Expanded Definition
 I. [שָׁבַח] verb Pi`el soothe, still (Arabic be free from care, etc., Jen ZA 1 (1886),188;iv (1889),269, compare Assyrian pašâ—u, grow calm, so Ba Esther 9 Schulth Lex.); —

Pi`el Imperfect 3 masculine singular sf יְשַׁבְּחֶ֑נָּה Proverbs 29:11 he stilleth it, i.e. רוּחוֺ his temper (Bi Toy read חָשַׁךְאַמּוֺ ); 2 masculine singular sf תְּשַׁבְּחֵם Psalm 89:10 thou stillest them, i.e. waves ("" גֵּאוּת הַיָּם).

Hiph`il Participle (probably Masoretic error for Pi`el מְשַׁבֵּחַ) מַשְׁבִּיחַ שְׁאוֺן יַמִּים Psalm 65:8 stilling the roar of the seas.

II. [שָׁבַח] verb Pi`el laud, praise (late Aramaism, compare Aramaic (including Old Aramaic) שׁבח, , Pa`el praise see Schw Idioticon 91 Schulth Lex:

1 laud, praise; God.(׳י) : Imperfect 3 masculine plural sfיְשַׁבְּח֑וּמְךָ Psalm 63:4 ("" בֵּרַךְ); Imperative feminine singular שַׁבְּחִי Psalm 147:12, masculine plural sf שַׁבְּהּ֫וּהוּ Psalm 117:1(both "" הִלֵּל ); his works, Imperfect 3 masculine singular יְשַׁבַּח Psalm 145:4 ("" הִגִּיד)

2 commend,congratulate, the dead, Infinitiveabsolute שַׁבֵּחַ Ecclesiastes 4:2 (Ges§ 113gg; with מִן compare); mirth, as best thing, Perfect 1 singular שִׁבַּחְתִּי Ecclesiastes 8:15.

Hitph. boast of (בְּ): Infinitiveconstruct הִשְׁתַּבֵּחַ Psalm 106:47= 1 Chronicles 16:35, ᵐ5 (ἐγ) καυχᾶσθαι ἐν

Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Gesenius' Hebrew and Chaldee Definition

שָׁבַח not used in Kal; prop. to soothe, to stroke; Arabic سبح to swim, which is done by stroking the water; hence


(1) to still the waves, Psalms 89:10 (mulcere fluctus, Virg. Æn. i. 70); anger, Proverbs 29:11. Compare חִלָּה.

(2) to praise, pr. to soothe with praises (Arabic سَبَّحَ, Eth. ሰብሐ፡ id.), Ecclesiastes 8:15 especially God, Psalms 63:4, 117:1 147:12.

(3) to pronounce happy, Ecclesiastes 4:2 (where שַׁבֵּחַ stands for מְשַׁבֵּחַ). Compare Chald.

Hiphil, i.q. Piel No. 1, to still (waves), Psalms 65:8.

Hithpael, followed by בְּ to boast in anything, Psalms 106:47; 1 Chronicles 16:35.

These files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available BibleSupport.com
List of Word Forms
בחוהו וְשִׁבַּ֤חְתִּֽי וְשַׁבֵּ֧חַ ושבח ושבחתי יְשַׁבְּחֶֽנָּה׃ יְשַׁבְּחֽוּנְךָ׃ יְשַׁבַּ֣ח ישבח ישבחונך׃ ישבחנה׃ לְ֝הִשְׁתַּבֵּ֗חַ לְהִשְׁתַּבֵּ֖חַ להשתבח מַשְׁבִּ֤יחַ ׀ משביח שַׁ֝בְּח֗וּהוּ שַׁבְּחִ֣י שבחי תְשַׁבְּחֵֽם׃ תשבחם׃ bə·ḥū·hū beChuhu bəḥūhū lə·hiš·tab·bê·aḥ lehishtabBeach ləhištabbêaḥ maš·bî·aḥ mašbîaḥ mashBiach šab·bə·ḥî šabbəḥî shabbeChi ṯə·šab·bə·ḥêm ṯəšabbəḥêm teshabbeChem veshabBeach veshibBachti wə·šab·bê·aḥ wə·šib·baḥ·tî wəšabbêaḥ wəšibbaḥtî yə·šab·baḥ yə·šab·bə·ḥen·nāh yə·šab·bə·ḥū·nə·ḵā yəšabbaḥ yəšabbəḥennāh yəšabbəḥūnəḵā yeshabBach yeshabbeChennah yeshabbeChunecha
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