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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #1383 - δοκίμιον

a presumed derivative of (G1382)
Parts of Speech
neuter noun
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  1. the proving
  2. that by which something is tried or proved, a test
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 2212 ‑ זָקַק (zaw‑kak');  3366 ‑ יְקָר (yek‑awr');  4715 ‑ מַצְרֵף (mits‑rafe');  5948 ‑ עֲלִיל (al‑eel');  
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ASV (2)
James 1
1 Peter 1
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KJV (2)
James 1
1 Peter 1
LEB (0)
The Lexham English Bible
did not use
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LSB (2)
James 1
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N95 (2)
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Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions


Neuter of a presumed derivative of G1382

Thayer's Expanded Definition

δοκίμιον, δοκιμιου, τό (dokimee];

1. equivalent to τό δοκιμάζειν, the proving: τῆς πίστεως, James 1:3.

2. that by which something is tried or proved, a test: Dionysius Halicarnassus ars rhet. 11; γλῶσσα γεύσεως δοκίμιον, Longinus, de sublima. 32, 5; δοκίμιον δέ στρατιωτῶν κάματος, Herodian, 2, 10, 12 (6, Bekker edition); in the Sept. of a crucible or furnace for smelting: Proverbs 27:21; Psalm 11:7 ().

3. equivalent to δοκιμή, 2: ὑμῶν τῆς πίστεως, your proved faith, 1 Peter 1:7. This word is treated of fully by Fritzsche in his Praliminarien as above with, pp. 40, 44.

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

δοκίμιον , -ου , τό ,

[in LXX: Proverbs 17:3; Proverbs 27:21 (H4715) *;]

usually regarded as a variant form of δοκιμεῖον , a test, and so perh. James 1:3 (v. Mayor, in l), but see next word (cf. Cremer, 212, 702).†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

Since Deissmann (BS p. 259 ff.) drew this unsuspected adjective from the papyri to interpret James 1:3 and 1 Peter 1:7—a good example with which to meet those who assert that the papyri have not given us any new meanings for NT words—examples have been further accumulating, e.g. BGU IV. 1065.6 (A.D. 97) ἀπέχειν αὐτὸν τιμὴν χρυσίου δοκιμεί [ο ]υ μναϊαίων ὀκτώι and so .20, ib. 1045 ii. 12 (A.D. 154) τὴν φερνὴν χ [ρ ]υσίου δοκιμίου τετάρτας τέσσαρες, ib. III. 717.8 (A.D. 149) χρυσίου δοκιμείου σταθμῷ Ἀλεξανδρείνῳ, P Tebt II. 392.22 (A.D. 134–5) χρυσίου [δ ]οκιμίου, ";standard gold"; (Edd.). Hort’s divination (1 Pet. p. 42) detected that the needed meaning in the NT passages was ";what is genuine in your faith"; : the papyri have given a welcome endorsement to the master’s instinct, and have at the same time rendered unnecessary his preference for the less well-attested reading τὸ δόκιμον (Notes on Select Readings, p. 102, in The NT in Grk .2 ii. Appendix). For the noun δοκιμεῖον = ";crucible,"; which is found in the LXX, cf. OGIS 308.15 (ii/B.C.) καὶ τῆ (ς) πρὸς θεοὺς εὐσεβείας ἔ [ργ ]ωι καλλί [στω ]ι οὐ μεικρὸν δοκιμεῖον ἀπέλιπεν, Syll 588.96 (c. B.C. 180) δοκιμεῖα. The editor in his note on the last passage compares IGSI 303.28 ff. ἐγδότω δὲ ἡ ἀρχὴ [κ ]αὶ ἐξ οὗ ἂν παραλάβῃ χρυσίου ἀσήμου καὶ ἐπισήμου κατασκευάσαι τῷ θεῷ φιάλην χρυσῆν, καταλιπομένη δοκιμεῖον.


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
δοκιμιον δοκίμιον dokimion dokímion
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