Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #2212 - זָקַק
1) to purify, distil, strain, refine
1a1) to purify, distil, strain
1a2) to refine
1b) (Piel) to purge, refine
1c) (Pual) to refine, purify
V) kkz (זככ ZKK) - Refine: To remove the impurities by washing or refining to make pure. [df: qqz] KJV (11): (vf: Paal, Hiphil, Pual, Piel) clean, pure, refine, fine, purge - Strongs: H2141 (זָכַךְ), H2212 (זָקַק)
Jeff Brenner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
(1) to tie fast, to bind (Chald. זְקַק id.), whence זִקִּים and אֲזִקִּים bonds. [This meaning in Thes. is wholly excluded.]
(2) to squeeze through a strainer, to strain, hence to refine
(a) wine (see Pual, comp. Arab. زَقُّ wine newly pressed out).
(b) metals, Job 28:1. With this signification agree σάκκος, σάκος, sackcloth, a strainer; σακκέω, σακκεύω σακκίζω; Lat. saccus, saccare; Hebr. שַׂק; and the same stock is found in feihen, feigen, feigern, fickern, properly used of metals.
(3) to pour, to pour out, in a general sense, like the French couler, and the Latin colare, Job 36:27.
Piel זִקַּק to refine, to purify gold, Malachi 3:3.
Pual, to be refined, used of wine, Isaiah 25:6 of metal, 1 Chronicles 28:18, 29:4 Psalms 12:7.
Hence זִקִּים No. II. [In Thes. derived from זָנַק.]
Second Sunday after Epiphany