the Week of Proper 21 / Ordinary 26
Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary Greek Lexicon
Strong's #1392 - δοξάζω
- to think, suppose, be of opinion
- to praise, extol, magnify, celebrate
- to honour, do honour to, hold in honour
- to make glorious, adorn with lustre, clothe with splendour
- to impart glory to something, render it excellent
- to make renowned, render illustrious
- to cause the dignity and worth of some person or thing to become manifest and acknowledged
1. think, imagine, c. acc. et inf., A.Ag. 673, E. Supp. 1043, etc.; c. dupl. acc., πῶς ταῦτ' ἀληθῆ.. δοξάσω; how can I suppose this to be true? A. Ch. 844; δ. βελτίους ἑαυτούς Pl. Phlb. 48e; τὰ εὔχρηστα τῶν ζῴων θεοὺς ἐδόξασαν D.L. 1.11; also abs., μετ' ἀσφαλείας δ. Th. 1.120; δοξάζων μὲν οὔ not expecting it, S. Ph. 545: — Pass., δ. εἶναι to be supposed to be, Pl. Ti. 46d, al.; ὅση δοξάζεται (sc. εἶναι) Id. Phd. 108c; δ. κακοί Id. Lg. 646e; δ. δίκαιος Id. R. 588b; τὰ δοξαζόμενα Id. Plt. 278b.
2. c. part., δοξάσει τις ἀκούων will suppose that he hears, A. Supp. 60 (lyr.).
3. c. acc. cogn., δόξας δ. entertain opinions, Pl. Cri. 46d; δ. ψευδῆ hold false opinions, Id. Tht. 189c; ψευδῶς δοξαζόμενα Polystr. p.26W.
4. abs., form or hold an opinion, Pl. Tht. 187a, al.; περί τινος Id. Grg. 461b; κακῶς δ. Id. R. 327c; παρὰ τὰ ὄντα Id. Phdr. 262b; opp. γιγνώσκω, Id. R. 476d; opp. ἐπίσταμαι, Arist. APo. 89a7; δ. ἄνευ ἐπιστήμης Pl. Tht. 201c.
5. Pass., to be matter of opinion, ταῦτα δεδοξάσθαι Xenoph. 35, cf. Epicur. Sent. 22.
II magnify, extol, ἐπὶ πλέον τι αὑτὸν δ. Th. 3.45, cf. LXX Exodus 15:2, al.; τὸν θεόν Romans 1:21, al.: — Pass., to be distinguished, held in honour, magnified, Dionys.Com. 2.24; δεδοξασμένος ἐπ' ἀρετῇ Plb. 6.53.10, cf. LXX Exodus 15:1, al., John 7:39, al.; ἱερὸν δεδοξασμένον ἐξ ἀρχαίων OGI 168.56 (ii B. C.).
δοξάζω; (imperfect ἐδόξαζον); future δοξάσω; 1 aorist ἐδόξασα; passive (present δοξάζομαι); perfect δεδόξασμαι; 1 aorist ἐδοξάσθην; (δόξα); Vulg. honorifico, glorifico, clarifico; the Sept. chiefly for כָּבַד, several times for פֵּאֵר (in Exodus 34:29f, 35 δοξάζεσθαι stands for קָרַן, to shine);
1. to think, suppose, be of opinion, (Aeschylus, Sophocles, Xenophon, Plato, Thucydides, and following; nowhere in this sense in the sacred writings).
2. from Polybius (6, 53, 10 δεδοξασμένοι ἐπ' ἀρετή) on to praise, extol, magnify, celebrate: τινα, passive, Matthew 6:2; Luke 4:15; ἑαυτόν, to glorify oneself, John 8:54; Revelation 18:7; τόν λόγον τοῦ κυρίου, Acts 13:48; τό ὄνομα τοῦ κυρίου, Revelation 15:4; τόν Θεόν, Matthew 5:16; Matthew 9:8; Matthew 15:31; Mark 2:12; Luke 5:25; Luke 7:16; Luke 13:13; Luke 17:15; Luke 18:43; Luke 23:47; Acts 11:18; Acts 21:20 (Rec. κύριον); Romans 15:6, 9 (Winer's Grammar, § 44, 3 b.; 332 (311)); 1 Peter 2:12; 1 Peter 4:14 Rec.; with the addition of ἐπί τίνι, for something, Luke 2:20; Acts 4:21; 2 Corinthians 9:13; ἐν ἐμοί, on account of me (properly, finding in me matter for giving praise (cf. Winer's Grammar, 387f (362f))), Galatians 1:24; ἐν τῷ ὀνόματι τούτῳ, 1 Peter 4:16 L T Tr WH.
3. to honor, do honor to, hold in honor: τήν διακονίαν μου, by the most devoted administration of it endeavoring to convert as many Gentiles as possible to Christ, Romans 11:13; a member of the body, 1 Corinthians 12:26; Θεόν, to worship, Romans 1:21; with the adjunct ἐν τῷ σώματι, by keeping the body pure and sound, 1 Corinthians 6:20; τῷ θανάτῳ, to undergo death for the honor of God, John 21:19.
4. By a use not found in secular writings to make glorious, adorn with lustre, clothe with splendor;
a. to impart glory to something, render it excellent: perfect passive δεδόξασμαι, to excel, be preeminent; δεδοξασμένος, excelling, eminent, glorious, 2 Corinthians 3:10; δεδοξασμένῃ χαρά, surpassing i. e. heavenly, joy (A. V. full of glory), 1 Peter 1:8.
b. to make renowned, render illustrious, i. e. to cause the dignity and worth of some person or thing to become manifest and acknowledged: τόν λόγον τοῦ Θεοῦ, 2 Thessalonians 3:1 Christ, the Son of God, John 8:54; John 11:4; John 16:14; John 17:10; God the Father, John 13:31; John 14:13; John 15:8; John 17:1, 4; 1 Peter 4:11; τό ὄνομα τοῦ Θεοῦ, John 12:28.
c. to exalt to a glorious rank or condition (Isaiah 44:23; Isaiah 55:5, etc.; joined to ὑψοῦν, Isaiah 4:2; Esther 3:1): οὐχ ἑαυτόν ἐδόξασε did not assume to himself the dignity (equivalent to οὐχ ἑαυτῷ τήν τιμήν ἔλαβε, Esther 3:4), the words γενηθῆναι ἀρχιερέα being added epexegetically (Winer's Grammar, § 44, 1), Hebrews 5:5;. of God exalting, or rather restoring, Christ his Son to a state of glory in heaven: John 7:39; John 12:16 (
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1. to think, suppose, hold an opinion (Æsch., Plat., al.).
2. To bestow δόξα (q.v.) on, to magnify, extol, praise (Thuc., iii, 45; Plut., al.): c. acc, Matthew 5:16, Mark 2:12, John 8:54, Romans 15:6, 1 Peter 2:12, al.; id. seq. ἐπί Luke 2:20; ἐν , Galatians 1:24, 1 Peter 4:16.
3. In LXX and NT (see δόξα , 3), to clothe with splendour, glorify (Exodus 34:29-30, Psalms 37:20, Isaiah 44:23, Ezra 3:1, al): Romans 8:30, 2 Corinthians 3:10, 2 Thessalonians 3:1, 1 Peter 1:8, al.; of Christ, John 7:39; John 8:54, al. (on the Johannine use, v. Cremer, 211; Westc., Jo., Intr.); of the Father, John 13:31-32, 1 Peter 4:11, al. (cf. ἐν -, συν -δοξάζω ).
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
The verb is found in the sepulchral epitaph or a mimus, already cited s.v. δεισιδαίμων, Kaibel 607.7 (iii/A.D.) εὐφρανθεὶς ἐφ᾽ ὅσον μοῖραι χρόνον ὥρισαν αὐτῷ, εὐσεβίης ἕνεκεν δοξασθεὶς καὶ μετὰ λήθην. As illustrating the NT usage of this word, the following invocation from the magical papyrus P Lond 121.502 ff. (iii/A.D.) (= I. p. 100) is noteworthy—κυρία Ἶσις. . . δόξασόν μοι (for με), ὡς ἐδόξασα τὸ (ὄνομα) τοῦ υἱοῦ (pap. υἱοῦς) σου Ὥρου : cf. Reitzenstein Poimandres, p. 22 n.5. See Anz Subsidia, p. 356. A further magical quotation was given above under δόξα. Grimm’s ";use not found in prof. writ.,"; viz. ";to make glorious, adorn with lustre"; etc., disappears from that category, as we might expect : cf. also OGIS 168.56 (B.C. 115) ἐν Ἐλ ]εφαντίνηι ἱεροῦ δεδοξασμένου ἐξ ἀρχαίων καὶ [. . . The verb survives in MGr, with partic. δοξασμένος as an adj., ";celebrated.";
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org.
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