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Thursday, May 23rd, 2024
the Week of Proper 2 / Ordinary 7
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Bible Lexicons

Old Testament Hebrew Lexical DictionaryHebrew Lexicon

Strong's #6286 - פָּאַר

Root Word (Etymology)
a primitive root
Parts of Speech
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1) to glorify, beautify, adorn

1a) (Piel) to glorify, beautify

1b) (Hithpael)

1b1) to glorify oneself

1b2) to get glory to oneself, be glorified

2) (Piel) to go over the boughs

Greek Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 455 ‑ ἀνοίγω (an‑oy'‑go);  1272 ‑ διανοίγω (dee‑an‑oy'‑go);  1392 ‑ δοξάζω (dox‑ad'‑zo);  1391 ‑ δόξα (dox'‑ah);  1740 ‑ ἐνδοξάζομαι (en‑dox‑ad'‑zo);  2744 ‑ καυχάομαι (kow‑khah'‑om‑ahee);  5021 ‑ τάσσω (tas'‑so);  1741 ‑ ἔνδοξος (en'‑dox‑os);  5312 ‑ ὑψόω (hoop‑so'‑o);  
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (14)
Exodus 1
Deuteronomy 1
Judges 1
Ezra 1
Psalms 1
Isaiah 9
NAS (16)
Exodus 1
Judges 2
Ezra 1
Psalms 1
Isaiah 11
HCS (14)
Exodus 1
Deuteronomy 1
Judges 1
Ezra 1
Psalms 1
Isaiah 9
BSB (14)
Exodus 1
Deuteronomy 1
Judges 1
Ezra 1
Psalms 1
Isaiah 9
ESV (13)
Deuteronomy 1
Judges 1
Ezra 1
Psalms 1
Isaiah 9
WEB (14)
Exodus 1
Deuteronomy 1
Judges 1
Ezra 1
Psalms 1
Isaiah 9
Ancient Hebrew Lexicon Definitions

1388) rp (פר PR) AC: Tread CO: Bull AB: Fruitful: The pictograph p is a picture of an open mouth, the r is a picture of a head. Combined these mean "open the head". The heads of grains are scattered on the threshing floor, a smooth, hard and level surface. An ox is lead around the floor crushing the heads, opening them to reveal the seed inside. Also the fruit of trees that harvested. (eng: bull - with the exchange of the b and p and the l and r; fruit, also other fruits with a "pr" such as pear and apricot)

A) rp (פר PR) AC: ? CO: Bull AB: ?

Nm ) rp (פר PR) - Bull: KJV (133): bullock, bull, oxen, calf, young - Strongs: H6499 (פָּר)

Nf1) erp (פרה PRH) - Heifer: KJV (26): heifer, kine - Strongs: H6510 (פָּרָה)

B) rrp (פרר PRR) AC: Break CO: ? AB: ?

V) rrp (פרר PRR) - Break: To throw something on the ground and break it by trampling. KJV (50): (vf: Paal, Hiphil, Hophal, Pilpel) break, void, defeat, disannul, disappoint, frustrate, nought, cease, clean, dissolved, divide - Strongs: H6565 (פָּרַר)

dm) rfrp (פרור PRWR) - Skillet: A flat surface for preparing foods. KJV (3): pot, pan - Strongs: H6517 (פָּרוּר)

C) rpa (אפר APR) AC: ? CO: Ash AB: ?: At the conclusion of the treading, an abundance of fruit is acquired. Anything in abundance.

Nm) rpa (אפר APR) - Ash: KJV (24): ash - Strongs: H665 (אֵפֶר), H666 (אֲפֵר)

D) rap (פאר PAR) AC: ? CO: Decoration AB: ?: The fruits that grow on the branches of a tree as decorations.

V) rap (פאר PAR) - Decorate: KJV (14): (vf: Hitpael, Piel) glorify, beatify, boast, bough, glory - Strongs: H6286 (פָּאַר)

Nm) rap (פאר PAR) - Turban: A piece of cloth that is wound around the head as a decoration. KJV (7): goodly, beauty, goodly, ornament, tire - Strongs: H6287 (פְּאֵר)

gf1) erafp (פוארה PWARH) - Branch: KJV (7): branch, bough, sprig - Strongs: H6288 (פֻּארָה)

if1) erapt (תפארה TPARH) - Decoration: [df: trapt] KJV (51): glory, beauty, beautiful, honour, fair, glorious, bravery, comely, excellent - Strongs: H8597 (תִּפְאֶרֶת)

lm ) rarap (פאראר PARAR) - Blackness: [Unknown connection to root;] [df: rwrap] KJV (2): blackness - Strongs: H6289 (פָּארוּר)

E) arp (פרא PRA) AC: ? CO: Fruit AB: ?

V) arp (פרא PRA) - Fruitful: KJV (1): (vf: Hiphil) fruitful - Strongs: H6500 (פָּרָא)

Nm) arp (פרא PRA) - Wild-ass: A wild animal as prolific. [df: hrp] KJV (10): wild ass - Strongs: H6501 (פֶּרֶה)

H) erp (פרה PRH) AC: ? CO: Fruit AB: ?

V) erp (פרה PRH) - Fruitful: KJV (29): (vf: Paal, Hiphil) fruitful, increase, bear, forth, bring - Strongs: H6509 (פָּרָה)

fm) irp (פרי PRY) - Fruit: KJV (119): fruit, fruitful, bough, reward - Strongs: H6529 (פְּרִי)

J) rfp (פור PWR) AC: Crush CO: Winepress AB: ?: Grapes are placed in winepress and trampled on to crush the fruit bringing out the juice of the grape.

V) rfp (פור PWR) - Crush: KJV (3): (vf: Hiphil) bring, broken, take - Strongs: H6331 (פּוּר)

Nf1) erfp (פורה PWRH) - Winepress: KJV (2): winepress, press - Strongs: H6333 (פּוּרָה)

Adopted Roots:

AHL Definitions Copyright: ©1999-2024
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Expanded Definition
 I. [מָּאַר] verb Pi`el beautify, glorify; — Perfect 3 masculine singular suffix מֵּאֲרָ֑ךְ (object Israel) Isaiah 55:5; Isaiah 60:9; with accusative of temple; Imperfect 1 singular אֲפָאֵר Isaiah 60:7; Infinitive construct מָּאֵר Isaiah 60:13; Ezra 7:27; so מָּאֵר עֲנָוִים בִּישׁוּעָה Psalm 149:4.

Hithpa`el 1. glorify oneself, with עַל person: = boast, Imperfect 3 masculine singular יִתְמָּאֵר Judges 7:2; Isaiah 10:15; as polite address to king, Imperative masculine singular הִתְמָּאֵר Exodus 8:5 (J), assume the honour over me (to decide) when, etc.

2 get glory to oneself, be glorified, by means of (ב), of ׳י, בְּיִשְׂרָאֵל יִתְמָּאָ֑ר Isaiah 44:23, Song of Solomon 1singular אֶתְמָּאָ֑ר Isaiah 49:3; of people [by ׳י], Infinitive construct הִתְמָּאֵר Isaiah 60:21; Isaiah 61:3.

[מֵּאֵר] verb denominative Pi`el go over the boughs; — Imperfect 2 masculine singular תְּפָאֵר Deuteronomy 24:20 thou shalt not go over the boughs after thee (i.e. glean).

Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Gesenius' Hebrew and Chaldee Definition

פָּאַר not used in Kal, to be beautiful, ornamented, prop. apparently used of the rosiness and heat of the face (see פָּארוּר, פָּרוּר, compare Arab. فَاَر Med. Waw, to boil up, to be hot, فَوْرَةُ glowing heat); hence to be proud (which, in Arabic, is expressed by a hardened guttural, فخر to glory, to boast).

Piel פְּאֵר

(1) to adorn, e.g. the sanctuary, Isaiah 60:7, 13 Isaiah 60:13 the people of God, Isaiah 55:5 to bestow aid upon the poor, Psalms 149:4 (compare ornare beneficiis).

(2) denom, from פֹּארָה to examine the boughs, in order to glean them, Deuteronomy 24:20.


(1) to be adorned, honoured, as a people by Jehovah, Isaiah 60:21, 61:3 to glorify oneself, as God in bestowing favours on his people, followed by בְּ Isaiah 44:23, 49:3.

(2) to boast, followed by עַל against any one, Judges 7:2; Isaiah 10:15.

Derivatives, פְּאֵר, פּאֹרָה, פָּארוּר, תִּפְאֶרֶת [פֻּארָה, פָּארָן].


פָּאַר (kindred to בָּאַר) to dig, to bore, especially in the earth. Arab. فَأَرَ to dig down and hide under the earth. Hence פֵּרָה for פְּאֵרָה (Arab. فَاَرةُ) a mouse, פָּארָן pr.n. of a region abounding in caverns. To this root I refer

Hithpael-הִתְפָּאֵר to explain, to declare oneself (compare significations used figuratively in the same manner under the word בֵּאֵר No, 2, and נָקַב No. 2). Exodus 8:5, הִתְפָּאֵר עָלַי לְמָתַי וגו׳ “declare to me when”, etc.; in which words the particle עַל (of which the sacred writer has made a delicate use) implies a command. Well rendered by the LXX. τάξαι πρός με. Vulg. constitue mihi, quando, etc. But the Hebrews themselves, and many more recent writers, glory over me (in saying) when I shall intreat for thee; and this they explain, I give thee this honour that thou mayest set me a day when, etc.; every one must see that this is very harsh and arbitrary.

These files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available BibleSupport.com
List of Word Forms
אֲפָאֵֽר׃ אֶתְפָּאָֽר׃ אפאר׃ אתפאר׃ הֲיִתְפָּאֵר֙ הִתְפָּאֵ֣ר היתפאר התפאר יְפָאֵ֥ר יִתְפָּאֵ֨ר יִתְפָּאָֽר׃ יפאר יתפאר יתפאר׃ לְהִתְפָּאֵֽר׃ לְפָאֵ֕ר לְפָאֵר֙ להתפאר׃ לפאר פֵאֲרָֽךְ׃ פארך׃ תְפָאֵ֖ר תפאר ’ă·p̄ā·’êr ’ăp̄ā’êr ’eṯ·pā·’ār ’eṯpā’ār afaEr etpaAr feaRach hă·yiṯ·pā·’êr hăyiṯpā’êr hayitpaEr hiṯ·pā·’êr hiṯpā’êr hitpaEr lə·hiṯ·pā·’êr lə·p̄ā·’êr lefaEr ləhiṯpā’êr lehitpaEr ləp̄ā’êr p̄ê’ărāḵ p̄ê·’ă·rāḵ ṯə·p̄ā·’êr tefaEr ṯəp̄ā’êr yə·p̄ā·’êr yefaEr yəp̄ā’êr yiṯ·pā·’ār yiṯ·pā·’êr yiṯpā’ār yiṯpā’êr yitpaAr yitpaEr
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