Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #1424 - δυσμή
- the setting of the sun
- the region of the sunset, the west
(δύω) = cross δύσις,
I setting, mostly in pl., ἀελίου δ. S. OC 1245, cf. A. Fr. 69, Hp. Epid. 7.5, Pl. Phd. 61e; ἐπὶ δυσμῇσιν ἐών at the point of setting, Hdt. 3.104; περὶ ἡλίου δυσμάς Lys. 1.39; ἥλιος ἦν ἤδη περὶ δυσμάς Hell.Oxy. 15.5: metaph., τὸ γῆρας δυσμαὶ βίου Arist. Po. 1457b25, cf. D.H. 4.79, Ph. 1.678, S.E. M. 9.90, Diog.Oen. 2, etc.
II the quarter of sunset, west, ἀπὸ ἑσπέρης τε καὶ [ἡλίου] δυσμέων Hdt. 2.31; πρὸς ἡλίου δυσμέων Id. 7.115, cf. 2.33; πρὸς δυσμαῖς A. Pers. 232; opp. ἀνατολαί, BGU 1049.8 (iv A. D.): — also δυθμή, Call. Cer. 10 (pl.), Fr. 539 (sg.).
δυσμή , -ῆς , ἡ
(= δύσις , <δύνω ),
mostly in pl., opp. to ἀνατολαί ;
1. a setting, as of the sun (acc to Thayer, s.v., so perhaps in Luke 12:54).
2. the quarter of sunset, the west: anarth., Matthew 8:11; Matthew 24:27, Luke 12:54; Luke 13:29, Revelation 21:13.†
δύσις , -εως , ἡ
(< δύνω ),
[in LXX: Psalms 104:19 (H3996) *;]
1. a sinking, setting, as of the sun (Æsch.): Mark 16:1-20 [alt. ending].
2. the sun-setting, the west (Thuc.).†
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
In P Thead 54.15 (A.D. 299) and BGU IV. 1049.8 (A.D. 342) we find ἀπὸ μὲν ἀνατολῶν and ἀπὸ δὲ δυσμῶν contrasted : cf. Matthew 8:11 etc. Syll 552.70 (late ii/B.C.) εἰς τὴν παραστάδα τὴν ἀπὸ δυσμῆς τῆς στοᾶς τῆς βορεί [ας shows the sing., as does Chrest. I. 341.88 (reign of Hadrian) ἀρχό (μενον) ἀπὸ δυσ (μῆς) τῆς κώμης, as printed; but Wilcken remarks ";oder δύσ (εως),"; and presumably δυσ (μῶν) is equally possible. For another prepositional combination see P Leid-Wi. 5 (ii/iii A.D.) πρὸς δυσμὰς βλέπουσα, of a door.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
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