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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #1424 - δυσμή

Root Word (Etymology)
from (G1416)
Parts of Speech
feminine noun
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  1. the setting of the sun
  2. the region of the sunset, the west
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 268 ‑ אָחֹר (aw‑khore', aw‑khore');  314 ‑ אַחֲרֹן (akh‑ar‑one', akh‑ar‑one');  935 ‑ בּוֹא (bo);  3220 ‑ יָם (yawm);  4606 ‑ מֶעָל (may‑awl');  4627 ‑ מַעֲרָב (mah‑ar‑awb');  6160 ‑ עֲרָבָה (ar‑aw‑baw');  
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (5)
Matthew 2
Luke 2
Revelation 1
NAS (5)
Matthew 2
Luke 2
Revelation 1
HCS (5)
Matthew 2
Luke 2
Revelation 1
BSB (5)
Matthew 2
Luke 2
Revelation 1
ESV (5)
Matthew 2
Luke 2
Revelation 1
WEB (5)
Matthew 2
Luke 2
Revelation 1
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

δυσμή, ἡ,

(δύω) = cross δύσις,

I setting, mostly in pl., ἀελίου δ. S. OC 1245, cf. A. Fr. 69, Hp. Epid. 7.5, Pl. Phd. 61e; ἐπὶ δυσμῇσιν ἐών at the point of setting, Hdt. 3.104; περὶ ἡλίου δυσμάς Lys. 1.39; ἥλιος ἦν ἤδη περὶ δυσμάς Hell.Oxy. 15.5: metaph., τὸ γῆρας δυσμαὶ βίου Arist. Po. 1457b25, cf. D.H. 4.79, Ph. 1.678, S.E. M. 9.90, Diog.Oen. 2, etc.

II the quarter of sunset, west, ἀπὸ ἑσπέρης τε καὶ [ἡλίου] δυσμέων Hdt. 2.31; πρὸς ἡλίου δυσμέων Id. 7.115, cf. 2.33; πρὸς δυσμαῖς A. Pers. 232; opp. ἀνατολαί, BGU 1049.8 (iv A. D.): also δυθμή, Call. Cer. 10 (pl.), Fr. 539 (sg.).

Thayer's Expanded Definition

δυσμή, δυσμης, (from Aeschylus and Herodotus down), much more often in plural (Winer's Grammar, § 27, 3) δυσμαι, αἱ (δύω or δύνω, which see), namely, ἡλίου, the setting of the sun: Luke 12:54 (according to the reading of T WH Tr marginal reading ἐπί δυσμή may possibly be understood of time (cf. Winers Grammar, 375f (352)); see ἐπί, A. II.; others take the preposition locally, over, in, and give δυσμή the meaning which follows; see ἐπί, A. I. 1 b.); the region of sunset, the west, (anarthrous, Winer's Grammar, 121 (115)): Revelation 21:13; ἀπό ἀνατολῶν καί δυσμῶν, from all regions or nations, Matthew 8:11; Matthew 24:27; Luke 13:29; in Hebrew הַשֶּׁמֶשׁ מְבוא, Joshua 1:4. Often in secular writings from Herodotus on, both with and without ἡλίου.

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

δυσμή , -ῆς ,

(= δύσις , <δύνω ),

[in LXX for H935, H6160, etc.;]

mostly in pl., opp. to ἀνατολαί ;

1. a setting, as of the sun (acc to Thayer, s.v., so perhaps in Luke 12:54).

2. the quarter of sunset, the west: anarth., Matthew 8:11; Matthew 24:27, Luke 12:54; Luke 13:29, Revelation 21:13.†

δύσις , -εως ,

(< δύνω ),

[in LXX: Psalms 104:19 (H3996) *;]

1. a sinking, setting, as of the sun (Æsch.): Mark 16:1-20 [alt. ending].

2. the sun-setting, the west (Thuc.).†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

In P Thead 54.15 (A.D. 299) and BGU IV. 1049.8 (A.D. 342) we find ἀπὸ μὲν ἀνατολῶν and ἀπὸ δὲ δυσμῶν contrasted : cf. Matthew 8:11 etc. Syll 552.70 (late ii/B.C.) εἰς τὴν παραστάδα τὴν ἀπὸ δυσμῆς τῆς στοᾶς τῆς βορεί [ας shows the sing., as does Chrest. I. 341.88 (reign of Hadrian) ἀρχό (μενον) ἀπὸ δυσ (μῆς) τῆς κώμης, as printed; but Wilcken remarks ";oder δύσ (εως),"; and presumably δυσ (μῶν) is equally possible. For another prepositional combination see P Leid-Wi. 5 (ii/iii A.D.) πρὸς δυσμὰς βλέπουσα, of a door.


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
δυσεως δύσεως δυσμαίς δυσμάς δυσμων δυσμών δυσμῶν duseos duseōs dusmon dusmōn dyseos dyseōs dýseos dýseōs dysmon dysmôn dysmōn dysmō̂n
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