the Week of Proper 20 / Ordinary 25
Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary Hebrew Lexicon
Strong's #6160 - עֲרָבָה
1) desert plain, steppe, desert, wilderness
Nm) brg (גהרב GhRB) - I. Dark:The dark of the evening or dark skinned people. II. Willow:From its shade and dark covering. KJV (142): even, evening, night, mingled, people, eventide, arabia, day - Strongs: H6153 (עֶרֶב), H6155 (עֲרָבָה)
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
1 earliest use:
a. arid steppe west of Dead Sea (in southern Judah) 1 Samuel 23:24, also Ezekiel 47:8; Isaiah 51:3, whence name ׳יָם הָע Joshua 3:16 (JE) "" יָם הַמֶּלַח), also 2 Kings 14:25; Deuteronomy 4:49, and ("" id.) Deuteronomy 3:17; Joshua 12:3 (D); נַחַל הָעֲרָבָה Amos 6:14 must be east of Dead Sea, si vera lectio, but read probably מִצְרַיִם׳נ see נַחַל.
b. Jordan-valley west of river + adjacent plain; near ford (opposite Jericho) 2 Samuel 2:29, compare Joshua 8:14 (JE); also Deuteronomy 11:30; 2 Kings 25:4 = Jeremiah 39:4 = Jeremiah 52:7; — 2 Samuel 15:28; 2 Samuel 17:16 see עֲבָרָה
c. Jordan-valley east of river 2 Samuel 4:7.
2 in D:
a. especially of east Jordan plain Deuteronomy 1:1 (probably) Joshua 12:1,3, east half of Jordan-valley Deuteronomy 3:17; Deuteronomy 4:49; of entire Jordan-valley (between כִּנֶּרֶת and Dead Sea, modern El-Ghôr, the Depression) Deuteronomy 1:7; Joshua 11:2,16; west Jordan plain only Joshua 12:8; depression south of Dead Sea (modern Wady el-`Arabah) Deuteronomy 2:8.
3 in P always plural construct עַרְבוֺת מוֺאָב (east Jordan) Numbers 22:1 11t. (see מוֺאָב); עְרֵחוֺ׳ע (West Jordan) Joshua 4:13; Joshua 5:10, also 2 Kings 25:5 = Jeremiah 39:5 = Jeremiah 52:8.
4 apparently North Arabian desert Isaiah 40:3; Isaiah 41:19.
5 in General the steppe (often "" מִדְבָּר), Jeremiah 17:6; Jeremiah 50:12; Isaiah 33:9; Isaiah 35:1,6; Job 24:5; Job 39:6; Psalm 68:5; זְאֵב עֲרָבוֺת Jeremiah 5:6 (figurative of invader); compare description of Exodus אֶרֶץ עֲרָבָהוְשׁוּחָה Jeremiah 2:6; in simile, of a plain, of future land of Judah Zechariah 14:10. — See Dr Deuteronomy 1:1 and references Buhl Geogr. 111.
עַרְבָתִי see בֵּית הָעֲרָבָה
V. ערב (√ of following; compare Assyrian erêbu, enter, go in; erêb šamši, sunset; Arabic set (distinct from depart, = Sabean עֿרב withdraw, according to DHM Epigr. Denkm. 27), place of sunset, west; Sabean מערבם, מערבי [not עֿ !] west, western, CIS iv. p. 199 DHM l.c.; Ethiopic set (of heavenly bodies), so Syriac ; evening (Lag BN 64f.); Zinjirli מערב west; Late Hebrew עֶרֶב = Biblical Hebrew. Hence also Εὐπώπη, Europe, Lewy Fremdw. 139).
עֲרָבָה f. an arid, sterile region, a desert (see the root No. IV), Job 24:5; Isaiah 33:9, 35:1 51:3 Jeremiah 50:12, 51:43. With the art., הָעֲרָבָה is that low region into which the valley of the Jordan (الغور) runs near Jericho, and which extends as far as the Ælanitic gulf, Deuteronomy 1:1, 2:8 Joshua 12:1; 2 Samuel 4:7; 2 Kings 25:4 in which are the Dead Sea (hence called יָם הָעֲרָבָה the sea of the desert, Deuteronomy 4:49; Joshua 3:16, 12:3 2 Kings 14:25) and the brook Kedron, or נַחַל הָעֲרָבָה the stream of the desert, Amos 6:14 comp. 2 Kings 14:25, also עַרְבוֹת יְרֵחוֹ the plains of Jericho, Joshua 5:10; 2 Kings 25:5 and עַרְבוֹת מוֹאָב, see מוֹאָב.
(2) pr.n. of a town in the tribe of Benjamin, fully called בֵּית הָעֲרָבָה; see בַּיִת, letter kk.
Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org.
Copyright 1999-2023. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.