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Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary Greek Lexicon
Strong's #1435 - δῶρον
- a gift, present
- gifts offered in expression of honour
- of sacrifices and other gifts offered to God
- of money cast into the treasury for the purposes of the temple and for the support of the poor
- gifts offered in expression of honour
- the offering of a gift or of gifts
δῶρον, τό, (δίδωμι)
1. gift, present, gift of honour, ἀγλαὰ δ. Il. 1.213, etc.; votive gift or offering to a god, φέρε δῶρον Ἀθήνῃ 6.293, cf. LXX Genesis 4:4, Mark 7:11; βωμοὶ δώροισι φλέγονται A. Ag. 91; ποῦ μοι τὰ.. δ. κἀκροθίνια; Id. Fr. 184; δῶρά τινος the gifts of, i. e. given by, him, θεῶν ἐρικυδέα δ. Il. 20.265, cf. Od. 18.142; δῶρ' Ἀφροδίτης, i.e. personal charms, Il. 3.54, 64; δ. Κύπριδος E. Hel. 363 (lyr.); δ. τῶν Μουσῶν καὶ Ἀπόλλωνος, of μουσική, Pl. Lg. 796e: c. gen. rei, ὕπνου δ. the blessing of sleep, Il. 7.482; δῶρα presents given as tribute, 17.225; δῶρον τοῦ ποταμοῦ, of the land of Egypt, Hdt. 2.5.
2. δῶρα presents, as retaining fees or bribes, D. 18.109, Jusj.ib. 24.150, Arist. Ath. 55.5, SIG 953.7 (Calymna), etc. (the usual sense of the word in Att. Oratt.): hence in Att. law, δώρων γραφή an indictment for being bribed, Aeschin. 3.232, etc., cf. Harp.; δώρων κριθῆναι to be tried for taking bribes, Lys. 27.3; δώρων ἑλεῖν τινα to convict him of taking bribes, Ar. Nu. 591; δ. ὀφλεῖν to be found guilty of taking bribes, And. 1.74; δώρων δίωξις Plu. Per. 32.
3. in pl., good qualities, talents, τὰ βασιλέως δ. Lib. 19.
1. front part of palm, Poll. 2.144.
2. hand's breadth, palm, as a measure of length, Nic. Th. 398, Vitr. 2.3.3, Milet. 7.57 (Didyma); cf. δεκάδωρος.
δῶρον, δώρου, τό (from Homer down), the Sept. generally for קָרְבָּן, often also for מִנְחָה and שֹׁחַד; a gift, present: Ephesians 2:8; Revelation 11:10; of gifts offered as an expression of honor, Matthew 2:11; of sacrifices and other gifts offered to God, Matthew 5:23; Matthew 8:4; Matthew 15:5; Matthew 23:18; Mark 7:11; Hebrews 5:1; Hebrews 8:3; Hebrews 9:9; Hebrews 11:4; of money cast into the treasury for the purposes of the temple and for the support of the poor, Luke 21:1,(4). (Synonym: see δόμα, at the end.)
STRONGS NT 1435a: δωροφορία δωροφορία, δωροφοριας, ἡ (δωροφόρος, bringing gifts), the offering of a gift or of gifts: Romans 15:31 L Tr marginal reading, cf. διακονία, 3. (Alciphron 1, 6; Pollux 4, 47 (p. 371, Hemst. edition); several times in ecclesiastical writings.)
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δῶρον , -ου , τό
(< δίδωμι ),
a gift, present: Matthew 2:11, Revelation 11:10; of gifts and sacrifices to God, Matthew 5:23-24; Matthew 8:4; Matthew 15:5; Matthew 23:18-19, Mark 7:11, Luke 21:1; Luke 21:4, Hebrews 5:1; Hebrews 8:3-4; Hebrews 9:9; Hebrews 11:4; δ . θεοῦ , Ephesians 2:8.†
SYN.: s.v. δόμα G1390.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
In P Lond 429 (c. A.D. 350) (= I. p. 314 f.) we have a long account of δῶρα made on the occasion of various festivals, which the editor thinks are to be regarded as temple-offerings. If so, we may compare the similar use in the inscrr., e.g. OGIS 407 βασιλεὺς Ἰούλιος Ἐπιφάνης Φιλόπαππος Δεσποίν [αι ] καὶ Σωτίρα [ι ] δῶρον. ἐπὶ ἱερέος Σωτηρίχου, Syll 774 σ ]τρατία ὑπὲρ τῆς ὁράσεως θεᾷ Δήμητρι δῶρον, ib. 787 (iv/iii B.C.) Διὶ δῶρον. This illustrates the common Biblical use of δῶρον for a sacrifice, or an offering to the Temple treasury. For the ordinary sense of δῶρον it will suffice to quote BGU IV. 1114.7 (B.C. 8–7) ἀ ̣π ̣ο ̣καταστῆσαι ἐνταῦθα τῶι Ἱμέρωι δῶρον δούλους (names follow), ib. I. 248.8 (ii/A.D.) κατὰ δῶρον, PSI III. 236.33 (iii/iv A.D.) οὐκ ὀκνῶ γὰρ οὐδὲ περὶ δώρων οὐδὲ περὶ κέρματος, εἰδώς σου τὴν ἀγαθὴν προαίρεσιν, and the boy’s letter, P Oxy I. 119.11 (ii/iii A.D.) (= Selections, p. 103) καλῶς δὲ ἐποίησες, δῶρά μοι ἔπεμψε [ς ], μεγάλα, ἀράκια, ";it was good of you, you sent me a present, such a beauty—just husks!"; One interesting literary inscr. may be quoted, Kaibel 815.4 (ii/A.D.—Crete), where Salvius Menas offers a libation and a sacrifice to Hermes in memory of his wife, ψυχικὰ δῶρα διδούς : the ed. explains this as gifts ";quae pro defunctae uxoris anima Mercurio animarum duci comitique obferuntur.";
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.