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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Strong's #1450 - ἔγγυος

from (G1722) and guion (a limb)
Parts of Speech
  1. a surety, a sponsor
Frequency Lists  
  1. Book
  2. Word
  3. Parsing
KJV (1)
NAS (1)
HCS (1)
BSB (1)
ESV (1)
WEB (1)
Verse Results
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

ἔγγυος, ον,

(ἐγγύη, cf. ἀμφίγυος)


1.secured, under good security, μνᾶς.. ἐγγύους ἐπὶτόκῳδεδανεις μένας Lys. 32.15 (but v. ἔγγαιος 11).

2. reliable, in Comp., ὅπλα -ώτερα Them. Or. 15.197c (nisi leg. ἐχεγγ -).

II Subst., = ἐγγυητής, ἔγγυον παρέχειν Thgn. 286, cf. X. Vect. 4.20, Arist. Oec. 1350a19, SIG 364.41 (Ephesus), 976.13 (Samos), PEleph. 8.19, Hebrews 7:22, etc.; ἔ. τῆς προξενίας giving security for.., IG 9(2).4 (Hypata), etc.: fem. in Aeschin. 11.12, BGU 1051.10 (i B.C. / i A.D.).

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

** ἔγγυος , -ον , , ,

[in LXX: Sirach 29:15-16, 2 Maccabees 10:28*;]

a surety: Hebrews 7:22 (exx. from., v. MM, Exp., xi; cf. Cremer, 222).†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

This NT ἅπ. εἰρ. (Hebrews 7:22) is common in legal and other documents, e.g. P Petr III. 41 recto.8 εἰ οἱ πρότερον ῢ ̣̣π ̣α ̣ρχου ̣[σιν ] ἔγγυοι, χρημάτισον Ἀ. κτλ., ";if there are the former sureties, pay to A.,"; etc., P Grenf I. 18.22 (B.C. 132) ἔγγυοι ἀλ [λ ]ήλων εἰς ἔκτεισιν τῶν διὰ τοῦ δανείου πάντων οἱ δεδανεισμένοι, and so 20.15 (B.C. 127), P Oxy I. 38.6 (A.D. 49–50) (= Selections, p. 52) δι᾽ ἐνγύου ἐμοῦ, ";on my security,"; P Gen I. 24.8 (A.D. 96) ὁμολογοῦσι Πετεσοῦχις. . καὶ Σαταβοῦς. . ἀλλήλων ἔγγυοι [εἰς ἔ ]κτ [ισιν. An early example of the fem. noun may be seen in P Eleph 27.9 (B.C. 223–2) πρὸς ἐγγύην, ἣν ἐνεγυησάμεθα εἰς ἔκτισιν. For instances of the verb cf. P Oxy II. 259.7 (A.D. 23) ὃν ἐνγεγύημαι. . . ἐκ [τ ]ῆς πολιτικῆς φυλα [κ ]ῆς, ";whom I bailed out of the common prison"; (Edd.), ib. VI. 905.17 (A.D. 170) (= Selections, p. 87) ὁ πατὴρ. . . εὐδοκεῖ τῷ [τ ̣ε ̣] γάμῳ καὶ ἐνγυᾶται εἰς ἔκτισιν τὴν προκειμένην φερνήν, ";the father assents to the marriage, and is surety for the payment of the aforesaid dowry,"; and for ἐγγυητής such a passage as P Oxy XII. 1483.18 (ii/iii A.D.) τὸν ἐγγυητήν σου κατέχω ἕως ἂν τ ̣[ε ]λ ̣ ̣ς ̣ μοι τὴν τιμὴν τῶν ζητουμένων, ";I hold your surety, until you pay me the value of the claims."; On ";Pfandrechtliches"; in ancient Egypt, see Manigk in Archiv vi. p. 114 ff. Ἔγγυος is probably derived from an old word for ";hand"; (cf. γύαλον, Lat. vola, Av. gava ), like ἀμφίγυος and ὑπόγυος, so = ";what is put in the hand.";


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
εγγυος έγγυος ἔγγυος enguos engyos éngyos
Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for Copyright 1999-2021. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.
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