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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #1457 - ἐγκαινίζω

Root Word (Etymology)
from (G1456)
Parts of Speech
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  1. to renew
  2. to do anew, again
  3. to initiate, consecrate, dedication
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (2)
Hebrews 2
N95 (0)
CSB (2)
Hebrews 2
BSB (2)
Hebrews 2
ESV (2)
Hebrews 2
WEB (2)
Hebrews 2
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions


I restore, τεῖχος LXX Isaiah 16:11; βασιλείαν 1 Samuel 11:14; make afresh ὁδόν Hebrews 10:20; consecrate, inaugurate, οἶκον Κυρίου LXX 1 Kings 8:63 : Pass., Hebrews 9:18, IG 12(5).712.58 (Syros); χύτρα -ισμένα Archig. ap. Orib. 8.46.4.

II innovate, prob. in PPar. 16.24 (ii B.C.).

Thayer's Expanded Definition

ἐγκαινίζω (T WH ἐνκαινίζω, see ἐν, III 3): 1 aorist ἐνεκαινισα; perfect passive ἐγκεκαινισμαι; a word exclusively Biblical and ecclesiastical (Winers Grammar, 33); to innovate, i. e.:

1. to renew: 2 Chronicles 15:8.

2. to do anew, again: σημεῖα, Sir. 33:6 (Sir. 36:6).

3. to initiate, consecrate, dedicate, (Deuteronomy 20:5; 1 Kings 8:63; 1 Samuel 11:14, etc.): διαθήκην, Hebrews 9:18; ὁδόν, Hebrews 10:20.

STRONGS NT 1457a: ἐγκακέω ἐγκακέω, ἐγκάκω ((see below); 1 aorist ἐνεκάκησα; (κακός); (properly, to behave badly in; hence) to be weary in anything, or to lose courage, flag, faint: adopted by L T Tr WH in place of R G ἐκκακέω (which see) in Luke 18:1; 2 Corinthians 4:1, 16; Galatians 6:9; Ephesians 3:13; 2 Thessalonians 3:13 — except that T WH write ἐνκακέω in Luke 18:1; Galatians 6:9; Ephesians 3:13; so WH in 2 Thessalonians 3:13, also; see ἐν, III. 3; (cf. Tdf.'s note on 2 Corinthians 4:1; Meyer ibid., who thinks that ἐκκακέω may have been a colloquial form. See the full exhibition of the usage of the manuscripts given by Dr. Gregory in his Proleg. to Tdf. edition 8, p. 78.) (Found a few times in Symm. (Genesis 27:46; Numbers 21:5; Isaiah 7:16; also Proverbs 3:11 Theod.); Clement of Rome, 2 Cor. 2, 2 [ET]; in secular writings only in Polybius 4, 19, 10 τό πέμπειν τάς βοηθείας ἐνεκακησαν they culpably neglected to send aid (add Philo de confus. lingg. § 13 (Mang. i., 412, 36) οὐκ ἐκκακουμενος; ἐκναμφθην.)

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
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Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

ἐν -καινίζω

(Rec. ἐγκ -, see ἐν ),

[in LXX: (to renew) 1 Kings 11:14, 2 Chronicles 15:8, Psalms 51:10 (H2318 pi.); (to dedicate) Deuteronomy 20:5, 2 Chronicles 7:5 (H2596); Isaiah 16:11; Isaiah 41:1; Isaiah 45:16 (aliter in Heb.), Sirach 33:6, 1 Maccabees 4:36; 1 Maccabees 4:54; 1 Maccabees 4:57; 1 Maccabees 5:1, 2 Maccabees 2:29*;]

1. to innovate (Eust.).

2. to renew (LXX ut supr.).

3. to initiate, inaugurate, dedicate (LXX ut supr.): διαθήκην , Hebrews 9:18; ὁδόν , Hebrews 10:20 (Cremer, 323).†

ἐγκαινίζω , see ἐνκ -.

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

If we can trust the restoration in P Par 16.24 (B.C. 127) εἴπαμεν κα [τα ]κολουθεῖν τοῖς ἐξ ἀρχῆς ἐθισμοῖς καὶ μη [θὲν ἐνκαινί ]ζειν, this verb can no longer be regarded as ";exclusively bibl. and eccl."; (Grimm-Thayer). In the above passage, it will be noticed, it has the meaning of ";make no innovation"; as compared with ";initiate,"; ";inaugurate,"; in Hebrews 9:18; Hebrews 10:20. LS cite ἐγκαινιάζομαι from CIG IV. 8660.


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
εγκαινιεί εγκαινίζεσθε εγκαινισμόν εγκαινισμός εγκαινισμού εγκαίνισον εγκαινίσωμεν εγκαίνωσις εγκεκαίνισται ἐγκεκαίνισται ενεκαίνισας ενεκαίνισε ενεκαινισεν ενεκαίνισεν ἐνεκαίνισεν ενκεκαινισται ἐνκεκαίνισται enekainisen enekaínisen enkekainistai en'kekaínistai
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