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Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #1468 - ἐγκρατής
- strong, robust
- having power over, possessed of (a thing)
- mastering, controlling, curbing, restraining
- controlling one's self, temperate, continent
I in possession of power, S. OT 941.
1. holding fast, χεὶρ -εστάτη a hand with the firmest hold, X. Eq. 7.8.
2. stout, strong, ἐ. σθένει A. Pr. 55; τὸν -έστατον σίδηρον S. Ant. 474; ἐ. σῶμα X. HG 7.1.23.
III c. gen. rei,
1. having possession of, χωρέων Hdt. 8.49, cf. 9.106, S. Ph. 75, SIG 58.7 (Milet., v B. C.), etc.; ναὸς ἐγκρατῆ πόδα the sheet that controls the ship, S. Ant. 715; ἐ. αὑτῶν masters of themselves, Pl. Phdr. 256b, al.; ἐ. ἀφροδισίων καὶ γαστρός X. Mem. 1.2.1, cf. 2.1.7, Oec. 12.16.
2. abs., master of oneself, self-controlled, Pl. Def. 415d; self-disciplined, Arist. EN 1145b13, al. Adv. - τῶς, Ion. - τέως Hp. Foet.Exsect. 4, etc.;
1. with a strong hand, by force, ἄρχειν Th. 1.76; ἐ. ἔχειν τὴν ἀρχήν Arist. Pol. 1284a40; - τέως forcibly, Theoc. 25.266.
2. with self-control, temperately, ἐ. ἔχειν Pl. Lg. 710a; φέρειν τι D.Chr. 2.53; - τέως Archestr. Fr. 23.20.
** ἐγκρατής , -ές
(< κράτος ),
[in LXX: Wisdom of Solomon 8:20, Sirach 6:27; Sirach 15:1; Sirach 26:15; Sirach 27:30, al.;]
1. strong, powerful.
2. C. gen. rei, master of, hence,
3. (sc. ἑαυτοῦ ), self-controlled, exercising self-control: Titus 1:8.†
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
For ἐ. in its more literal sense of ";having power over"; cf. P Tebt I. 39.29 (B.C. 114) where certain assailants are described as ἡμῶν ἐγκρατεῖς γενόμενοι, and so ib. 230 (late ii/B.C.). The weaker sense, ";possessed of,"; as in Wisdom of Solomon 8:21, appears in P Rein 18.12 (B.C. 108) ὁ ἐγκαλούμενος ἐγκρατὴς ̣ γενόμενος τῶν συναλλάξ [ε ]ων, P Oxy VI. 898.19 (A.D. 123) ταύτης ἐνκρατὴς γενομένη, with reference to a deed, and BGU I. 168.8 (A.D. 169) ἐ [ν ]κρ [α ]τ [ὴς ] ἐγένετο π ̣[ά ]ντων τῶν [ἀ ]νηκόντων τοῖ [ς ἀφ ]ήλιξι. From the new literature we may cite P Oxy III. 413.160 (a mime—ii/A.D.) νῦν τοῦ γέροντ (ος) ἐνκρατὴς θέλω γενέσ (θαι) πρίν τι τούτ (ων) ἐπιγνοῖ, Menandrea p. 54.228 τοῦ παιδίο ̣υ ̣ ἐγκρατῆ. On the composition of the word see Moulton Gr. ii. § 118 (c), where it is shown that since κράτος suggests the possession of strength, as βία the using of it, ἐν κράτει ὤν, = ";self-controlled,"; involves only the specializing reference to moral κράτος.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
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