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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Strong's #1468 - ἐγκρατής

from (G1722) and (G2904)
Parts of Speech
  1. strong, robust
  2. having power over, possessed of (a thing)
  3. mastering, controlling, curbing, restraining
    1. controlling one's self, temperate, continent
Frequency Lists  
  1. Book
  2. Word
  3. Parsing
KJV (1)
NAS (1)
HCS (1)
BSB (1)
ESV (1)
WEB (1)
Verse Results
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

ἐγκρατ-ής, ές,


I in possession of power, S. OT 941.


1. holding fast, χεὶρ -εστάτη a hand with the firmest hold, X. Eq. 7.8.

2. stout, strong, ἐ. σθένει A. Pr. 55; τὸν -έστατον σίδηρον S. Ant. 474; ἐ. σῶμα X. HG 7.1.23.

III c. gen. rei,

1. having possession of, χωρέων Hdt. 8.49, cf. 9.106, S. Ph. 75, SIG 58.7 (Milet., v B. C.), etc.; ναὸς ἐγκρατῆ πόδα the sheet that controls the ship, S. Ant. 715; ἐ. αὑτῶν masters of themselves, Pl. Phdr. 256b, al.; ἐ. ἀφροδισίων καὶ γαστρός X. Mem. 1.2.1, cf. 2.1.7, Oec. 12.16.

2. abs., master of oneself, self-controlled, Pl. Def. 415d; self-disciplined, Arist. EN 1145b13, al. Adv. - τῶς, Ion. - τέως Hp. Foet.Exsect. 4, etc.;

1. with a strong hand, by force, ἄρχειν Th. 1.76; ἐ. ἔχειν τὴν ἀρχήν Arist. Pol. 1284a40; - τέως forcibly, Theoc. 25.266.

2. with self-control, temperately, ἐ. ἔχειν Pl. Lg. 710a; φέρειν τι D.Chr. 2.53; - τέως Archestr. Fr. 23.20.

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

** ἐγκρατής , -ές

(< κράτος ),

[in LXX: Wisdom of Solomon 8:20, Sirach 6:27; Sirach 15:1; Sirach 26:15; Sirach 27:30, al.;]

1. strong, powerful.

2. C. gen. rei, master of, hence,

3. (sc. ἑαυτοῦ ), self-controlled, exercising self-control: Titus 1:8.†

SYN.: σώφρων G4998 (v. reff. s. ἐγκράτεια G1466).

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

For . in its more literal sense of ";having power over"; cf. P Tebt I. 39.29 (B.C. 114) where certain assailants are described as ἡμῶν ἐγκρατεῖς γενόμενοι, and so ib. 230 (late ii/B.C.). The weaker sense, ";possessed of,"; as in Wisdom of Solomon 8:21, appears in P Rein 18.12 (B.C. 108) ὁ ἐγκαλούμενος ἐγκρατὴς ̣ γενόμενος τῶν συναλλάξ [ε ]ων, P Oxy VI. 898.19 (A.D. 123) ταύτης ἐνκρατὴς γενομένη, with reference to a deed, and BGU I. 168.8 (A.D. 169) [ν ]κρ [α ]τ [ὴς ] ἐγένετο π ̣[ ]ντων τῶν [ ]νηκόντων τοῖ [ς ἀφ ]ήλιξι. From the new literature we may cite P Oxy III. 413.160 (a mime—ii/A.D.) νῦν τοῦ γέροντ (ος) ἐνκρατὴς θέλω γενέσ (θαι) πρίν τι τούτ (ων) ἐπιγνοῖ, Menandrea p. 54.228 τοῦ παιδίο ̣υ ̣ ἐγκρατῆ. On the composition of the word see Moulton Gr. ii. § 118 (c), where it is shown that since κράτος suggests the possession of strength, as βία the using of it, ἐν κράτει ὤν, = ";self-controlled,"; involves only the specializing reference to moral κράτος.


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
εγκρατη εγκρατή ἐγκρατῆ enkrate enkratê enkratē enkratē̂
Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for Copyright 1999-2022. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.
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