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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #1475 - ἔδαφος

Root Word (Etymology)
from the base of (G1476)
Parts of Speech
neuter noun
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  1. bottom, base, ground
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 738 ‑ אַרְיֵה (ar‑ee', ar‑yay');  776 ‑ אֶרֶץ (eh'‑rets);  4144 ‑ מוֹסָד (mo‑sawd');  6083 ‑ עָפָר (aw‑fawr');  7172 ‑ קַרְקַע (kar‑kah');  
Frequency Lists
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KJV (1)
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NAS (1)
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HCS (1)
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BSB (1)
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ESV (1)
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WEB (1)
Acts 1
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

ἔδᾰφος, εος, τό,

1. bottom, foundation, base of anything, τῆς κατασκευῆς τὰ ἐ. Th. 1.10; ἔ. νηός bottom of a ship, Od. 5.249; ἔ. πλοίου D. 32.5, cf. Pherecr. 12; ἔ. ποταμοῦ, τῆς θαλάττης, X. Cyr. 7.5.18, Arist. HA 534a11; [ ποτηρίου ] Pherecr. 143.2.

2. ground-floor, pavement, οἴκου Hdt. 8.137; καθελεῖν ἐς ἔ. raze to the ground, Th. 3.68; τὸ ἔ. ὁμαλίσασι IG 11(2).161 A 57 (Delos, iii B.C.); ἔπεσον εἰς τὸ ἔ. Acts 22:7; ἀπὸ ἐδάφους μέχρι παντὸς ὕψους CPR 95.17 (iii A. D.), etc.

3. ground, soil, περὶ τοῦ τῆς πατρίδος ἐδάφους ἀγωνίζεσθαι for our country's soil, Aeschin. 3.134, cf. D. 26.11 (pl.); ἐχθρὸς τῷ τῆς πόλεως ἐδάφει, of a mortal foe, Id. 8.39, 10.11; ὀκρυόειν ἔ. Eleg.Alex. Adesp. 1.7; soil, viewed in regard to its quality, Thphr. CP 2.4.1 (pl.), 4.11.8: pl., ἐδάφη lands and tenements (incl. houses), Isa 11.42, IG 2.780, PTeb. 302.10 (i A.D.); also, masses of earth, Epicur. Ephesians 2 p.48U.

4. text of a manuscript, opp. margin (μέτωπον), Gal. 16.837, 18(2).864. manuscript, Id. 16.468 (s.v.l.).

5. background of puppet-theatre, Hero Aut. 30.1, al.

Thayer's Expanded Definition

ἔδαφος, ἐδαφεος (ἐδάφους), τό, bottom, base, ground: πίπτειν εἰς τό ἔδαφος, Acts 22:7. (the Sept.; in classical writings from Homer down.)

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

ἔδαφος , -εος (-ους ), τό ,

[in LXX for H6083, H7172, etc.;]

bottom, pavement, ground: Acts 22:7.†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

Ostr 1262 (Ptol.) ἔχω παρὰ σοῦ τὸ ἐκφόριον καὶ τὸ ἐμβαδικὸν τοῦ ἐδάφους μου ἀμπελῶνος, and similarly P Grenf I. 21.8 (B.C. 126) ἔδα (φος) ἀμπελῶ (νος), P Lond 401.11 (B.C. 116–11) (= II. p. 14) ἀπὸ ἐδάφους ἀμπελῶνος. For the plur. = ";lands,"; see P Tebt II. 302.10 (A.D. 71–2) where certain priests petition against an increase of rent τοῖς προκιμέν ]ο ̣[ι ]ς ἐδάφεσι ἡμῶν, ";on our aforesaid lands,"; and P Oxy XII. 1409.19 (A.D. 278) πρὸς ἀρδείαν τῶν ἐδαφῶν, ";for the irrigation of the fields."; The derived sense of ";buildings"; appears in P Oxy II. 286.22 (A.D. 82) σειτικῶν ἐδαφῶν καὶ ἑτέρων, ";granaries and other possessions."; In Michel 594.57 (B.C. 279) τὸ ἔδαφος ὁμαλίσασι the reference is to levelling the floor, and in the late Preisigke 5114.9 (A.D. 613–40) a house is purchased ἀπὸ ἐδάφο (υ) ἄχρι ἀέρος. Note the gen. in -ου : Boisacq, p. 215, points out that . was originally a masc. stem in -ο - which became a neut. in -ε (ς) through the influence of ἕδος.


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
εδάφει εδαφος εδάφος έδαφος ἔδαφος εδάφους εδέσματα εδεσμάτων έδνα έδραι έδραις έδρας εδρασθήναι edaphos édaphos
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