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Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #6083 - עָפָר
1) dry earth, dust, powder, ashes, earth, ground, mortar, rubbish
1a) dry or loose earth
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
(1) dust, dry earth (trockene Erde), Genesis 2:7, 26:15 Joshua 7:6; Job 2:12 also used of clay or loam, of which walls are made, Leviticus 14:42, 45 Leviticus 14:45 of a heap of rubbish (Schutt), Habak. 1:10 very rarely of fine dust, such as is blown by the wind, i.q. אָבָק Psalms 18:43. עַל עָפָר
(a) in the earth, in the world, Job 19:25, 39:14 41:25 also upon the ground, Job 22:24; Isaiah 47:1 (b) in the grave, Job 20:11, 21:26 for which there is also said לֶעָפָר Job 7:21. יָרַד עָפָר to go down to the dust, i.e. into the grave, Psalms 22:30, 30:10. שׁוּב אֶל־עָפָר to return to dust, Genesis 3:19; Psalms 104:29. עָפָר וָאֵפֶר dust and ashes, a proverbial phrase to express the lowness and fragility of human nature, Genesis 18:27; Psalms 103:14. It is used of multitude, Numbers 23:10, עֲפַר יַעֲקֹב “the dust of Jacob,” i.e. Jacob, who is as numerous as the dust of earth, compare חֹול. אָכַל עָפָר to eat dust, used of the serpent, Genesis 3:14 compare Isaiah 65:25 but figuratively used, Lamentations 3:29, “to put the mouth in the dust,” i.e. to be silent and wait the aid of God.-Plur. עֲפָרֹות clods of earth. Proverbs 8:26, רֹאשׁ עַפְרֹות תֵּבֵל “the first of the clods of the world.” Job 28:6, עַפְרֹות זָהָב lumps of gold in mines.
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