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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #1485 - ἔθος

Root Word (Etymology)
from (G1486)
Parts of Speech
neuter noun
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  1. custom
  2. usage prescribed by law, institute, prescription, rite
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (12)
Luke 3
John 1
Acts 7
Hebrews 1
NAS (12)
Luke 3
John 1
Acts 7
Hebrews 1
CSB (12)
Luke 3
John 1
Acts 7
Hebrews 1
BSB (12)
Luke 3
John 1
Acts 7
Hebrews 1
ESV (11)
Luke 2
John 1
Acts 7
Hebrews 1
WEB (12)
Luke 3
John 1
Acts 7
Hebrews 1
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

ἔθος, εος, τό, (ἔθω)

custom, habit, ἔ. τὸ πρόσθε τοκήων (but prob. f.l. for ἦθος) A. Ag. 728 (lyr.); τὸ σύνηθες ἔ. S. Ph. 894; εἰ τὸ ἔ. συνθήκη Pl. Cra. 435a; πάτρια ἔ. Id. Plt. 295a: prov., "" ., φασί, δευτέρη φύσις "" Jul. MIsa 353a; ἐν ἔθει τῇ πόλει εἶναι to be the habit, Th. 2.64; ἔ. ἐστίν τινι, c. inf., Cratin.Jun. 7.1, Alex. 253; ἔθος ἔχειν, c. inf., Plu. Them. 4; ἔθει by habit, habitually, opp. φύσει, Arist. EN 1179b21; ἐν ἔθει Id. Fr. 122; δι' ἔθος, opp. ἐκ γενετῆς, Id. EN 1154a33; ἐξ ἔθους ib. 1103a17; κατὰ τὰ Ῥωμαίων ἔ. PSI 3.182 (iii A. D.), etc. (σϝέθ -, cf. Lat. suesco; v. βεσόν.)

Thayer's Expanded Definition

ἔθος, ἐθεος (ἦθος), τό, from Aeschylus (Agam. 728 (?); better from Sophocles) down, custom: Luke 22:39; ἔθος ἐστι τίνι followed by an infinitive, John 19:40; Acts 25:16; Hebrews 10:25; contextually, usage prescribed by law, institute, prescription, rite: Luke 1:9; Luke 2:42; Acts 16:21; Acts 21:21; Acts 26:3; Acts 28:17; περιτέμνεσθαι τῷ ἔθει Μωϋσέως, Acts 15:1; ἀλλάξει τά ἔθη παρέδωκε Μωϋσῆς, Acts 6:14.

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

** ἔθος , -εος (-ους ), τό

(< ἔθω ),

[in LXX: Wisdom of Solomon 14:16, Da TH Bel 1:15, 1 Maccabees 10:89, 2 Maccabees 11:25; 2 Maccabees 13:4, 4 Maccabees 18:5 א R *;]

habit, custom: Luke 22:39, John 19:40, Acts 16:21; Acts 25:16, Hebrews 10:25; in Luke 1:9; Luke 2:42, Acts 6:14; Acts 15:1; Acts 21:21; Acts 26:3; Acts 28:17, almost in the narrower sense of law (Deiss., BS, 251 f.).†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

For ἔθος = ";usage,"; ";custom,"; as in the Lukan writings, cf. P Oxy II. 370 (late i/A.D.) ἃς (sc. δραχμὰς) καὶ διαγράψομεν ἐπὶ τὴν δημοσίαν τράπεζαν ταῖς ὡρισμέναις προθεσμίαις κατὰ τὸ ἔθος, and similarly P Ryl II. 78.17 (A.D. 157), P Grenf I. 48.15 (A.D. 191), P Lond II. 171 b.19 (iii/A.D.) (= II. p. 176). Other prepositional phrases are ἐν ἔθει (e.g. P Oxy III. 471.78 (ii/A.D.) ἅπαξ γὰρ ἐν ἔθει τῆς α [ἰσ ]χύνης γενόμενον, ";for when once accustomed to his shame";), and ἐξ ἔθους (e.g. P Oxy VI. 900.7 (A.D. 322) τοὺς ἐξ ἔθους ταύτην τὴν χώραν ἀποπληροῦντας, ";those who customarily fill this post";). See also P Fay 125.5 (ii/A.D.) ὡς ἔθος ἐστί σοι, ";as is your custom,"; P Ryl II. 238.6 (A.D. 262) ὅσα ἔθος ἔχουσι λαμβάνειν, ";whatever they are accustomed to receive,"; and the other exx. in Deissmann BS p. 251 f. From the inscrr. we may cite Syll 349.11 κατὰ τὸ τῶν προγόνων ἔθος, and Magn 100 b..12 (ii/B.C.) κατὰ τὸ πά [τριον ἔθος with reference to a day when children are freed from lessons and slaves from work. For the narrower sense of ";law,"; ";rite,"; Thieme (p. 22) refers to such a passage as Magn 179.10 (ii/A.D.) an inscr. in honour of one—δόντα τὰ ἐξ ἔθους καὶ ὡρισμένα ὑπὲρ τῆς καύσεως τῆς βαίτης (δηνάρια) χ ̄ : cf. .19 τὸ ἐξ ἔθους ἐπὶ ἡμέρᾳ διδόμενον ἔλαιον.

For the adj. ἔβιμος, see BGU II. 581.5 (A.D. 133) ὀμνύω τὸν ἔθιμον Ῥωμαίων ὅρκον, P Oxy IV. 729.7 (lease of a vineyard—A.D. 137) τὴν δ ̣ὲ ἀν [α ]βολὴν ποιήσονται ἀπὸ τῶν ἐθίμων ἀναβολῶν.


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
εθει έθει ἔθει εθεσι έθεσι ἔθεσι εθεσιν ἔθεσιν εθη έθη ἔθη εθος έθος ἔθος εθων εθών ἐθῶν ethe ethē éthe éthē ethei éthei ethesi éthesi ethesin éthesin ethon ethôn ethōn ethō̂n ethos éthos
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