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Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #1541 - ἑκατονταέτης
- centenarian, a hundred years old
of a hundred years, βιοτά Pi. P. 4.282; 100 years old, LXX Genesis 17:17.
The variations between 1st and 2nd decl. forms of this word in the papyri may be illustrated by P Ryl II. 141.2 (A.D. 37) a petition addressed Γαίωι Τρεβίωι Ἰούστωι ἑκατοντάρχῃ and ib. 81.12 (c. A.D. 104) διὰ τοῦ [ . . . . . . .] ε ̣̔[κατον ]τ ̣άρχου Ἰουλίον. See for the Biblical usage Thackeray Gr. i. p. 156. For a reference to a soldier λεγεῶνος δευτέρας ἑκατονταρχίας Βραβιρίου who accompanied apparently as a guard a cargo-boat of grain belonging to the government, see P Oxy II. 276.9 (A.D. 77). The form ἑκατόνταρχος along with πεντηκόνταρχος (cf. Exodus 18:21 al.) is found in Preisigke 599 (Ptol.). The τ in ἑκατόνταρχος is due to false analogy with πεντηκόνταρχος, as in English ";tobacconist"; has borrowed its ";n"; from such a word as ";Platonist."; See Boisacq Dict. Etym. p. 233 n..1, where ἑκατοντακάρανος is cited from Pindar.
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the Fourth Week after Epiphany