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Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary Greek Lexicon
Strong's #164 - αἰχμάλωτος
- a captive
I taken by the spear, captive, prisoner, Pi. Fr. 223, Hdt. 6.79, 134; freq. of women, A. Ag. 1440, S. Tr. 417: — αἰχμάλωτοι prisoners of war, And. 4.22, Th. 3.70; αἰ. λαμβάνειν, ἄγειν take prisoner, X. Cyr. 3.1.37, 4.4.1; αἰ. γίγνεσθαι to be taken, ib. 3.1.7; of things, αἰ. χρήματα A. Eu. 400, cf. Ag. 334, D. 19.139; νῆες X. HG 2.3.8, IG 2.789; τὰ αἰ. booty, X. HG 4.1.26, An. 4.1.13; αἰχμάλωτον, τό, = ἀνδράποδον, D.S. 13.57.
II = αἰχμαλωτικός, δουλοσύνη αἰ. such as awaits a captive, Hdt. 9.76; εὐνά A. Th. 364 (lyr.); τύχη D.S. 27.6, Lib. Or. 59.157.
III αἰχμάλωτος, ὁ, name of plasters, Aët. 15.20.
αἰχμάλωτος, (from αἰχμή, a spear and ἁλωτός, verbal adjective from ἁλῶναι, properly, taken by the spear) (from Aeschylus down), captive: Luke 4:18 (19).
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The word is found in P Lille I. 3.66 (after B.C. 241–0) αἰχμαλώτοις εἰς τὴν γινομένην συ ̣[νταξιν ?] In their note the editors think that the reference is to certain prisoners brought from Asia by Philadelphus (cf. P Petr II. 29 (b).2 to some of whom a regular ";allowance"; or ";grant"; (σύνταξις) may have been made. Dittenberger’s indices show seven inscriptions in Syll and one in OGIS containing the word, all in the Hellenistic period. For the subst. see Michel 965.6 (beginning ii/B.C.) ἔ ]σωισεν ἐκ τῆς αἰχμαλωσίας.
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