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Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary Hebrew Lexicon
Strong's #7617 - שָׁבָה
1) to take captive
1a1) to take captive
1a2) captive (participle)
1a3) to lead captive
1b) (Niphal) to be taken captive
1462) bs (סהב ShB) AC: Turn CO: Seat AB: ?: The pictograph s is a picture of the two front teeth representing pressing, the b is a picture of tent. Combined these mean "Press to the tent". A place of dwelling as the place returned to. A turning back or away from someone or something. A captive is one turned away from a place of dwelling. (eng: shove)
V) bfs (סהוב ShWB) - Return: To turn back. [Hebrew and Aramaic] KJV (1074): (vf: Paal, Hiphil, Hophal, Pual, Participle) return, again, turn, back, away, restore, bring, render, answer, recompense, recover, deliver, put, withdraw, requite - Strongs: H7725 (שׁוּב), H8421 (תּוּב)
V) bsi (יסהב YShB) - Sit: To set oneself down in the dwelling place for the night or for long periods of time. To settle or remain. [Hebrew and Aramaic] KJV (1093): (vf: Paal, Niphal, Hiphil, Hophal, Piel) dwell, inhabitant, sit, abide, inhabit, down, remain, in, tarry, set, continue, place, still, taken - Strongs: H3427 (יָשַׁב), H3488 (יְתִב)
- A2213 Bsh (Design, Invention)
- A2459 Kbx (Interweave, Net)
- A2807 Xbs (Weave, Wreath)
- A2809 Ybs (Weave, Plait, Anguish)
- A2812 Tbs (Cease)
- A2834 Bks (Lay, Bed, Copulation)
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Qal Perfect 3 masculine singular ׳שׁ Jeremiah 41:14; suffixוְשָׁבָם (consecutive) Jeremiah 43:12 (but read וְשָׁבָה Gie; Du conjectures וְשׁמְמוּ); 2 masculine singular שָׁבִיתָ 2 Kings 6:22; Psalm 68:19, etc., Imperfect 3 masculine singular וַיִּשְׁבְּ Numbers 21:1; Jeremiah 41:10, etc.; Imperative masculine singular וּשְׁבֵה Judges 5:12; Infinitive construct שְׁבוֺת Obadiah 11; Participle active plural שֹׁבִים Isaiah 14:2, etc.; passive masculine plural שְׁבוּיִם Isaiah 61:1, feminine plural construct שְׁבֻיוֺת Genesis 31:26; — take captive
1.a. with accusative of person, Numbers 24:22 (JE), 1 Samuel 30:2; 2 Kings 5:2; 2 Kings 6:22 (+ ב instrumental) Jeremiah 41:10 (twice in verse) (but Jeremiah 41:10 b Gie reads וַיַּשְׁכֵּם, compare ᵐ5 Luc), Jeremiah 41:14, Genesis 34:29 (P), 2 Chronicles 28:8 (+ מִן part), + 6t.; + Jeremiah 43:12 apparently with accusative idols (but see above; accusative land Gie).
b. accusative חֵילוֺ Obadiah 11 הָֽרְכוּשׁ 2 Chronicles 21:17, cattle, etc., 1 Chronicles 5:21; 2 Chronicles 14:14
c. participle in periphrastic conjugation (לְשֹׁבֵיהֶם) וְהָיוּ שֹׁבִים Isaiah 14:2; participle with suffix = their captives, etc., 1 Kings 8:46 2 Chronicles 6:36; Isaiah 14:2; Jeremiah 50:33, +5t.; Passive participle Isaiah 61:1 = captives; כִּשְׁבֻיוֺת חָ֑רֶב Genesis 31:26 my daughters as captives of the sword.
2 with accusative of congnate meaning with verb שְׁבִי Judges 5:12 lead captive thy captives, compare Psalm 68:19; 2 Chronicles 28:17, so (+ מִן person) Numbers 21:1 (JE), and (accusative שִׁבְיָה) 2 Chronicles 28:5,11; שִׁבְיוֺ׳שׁ Deuteronomy 21:10 = take him captive.
Niph`al be taken captive: Perfect 3 masculine singular נִשְׁבָּה, of man Genesis 14:14, of beast Exodus 22:9 (E), of ׳עֵדֶר י Jeremiah 13:17; 3 plural נִשְׁבּוּ, human subject 1 Samuel 30:8,5; 1 Kings 8:47 2 Chronicles 6:37; Ezekiel 6:9.
שָׁבָה fut. apoc. יִשְׁבְּ to take, or lead away captive (Arab. سبا, Syr. ܫܒܐܳ id.), whether persons, Genesis 34:29; 1 Kings 8:48; Psalms 137:3 or flocks, 1 Chronicles 5:21 or else wealth, 2 Chronicles 21:17.- Genesis 31:26, שְׁבוּיוֹת חֶרֶב “captives of the sword” (in Greek, αἰχμάλωται, δορυάλωται), i.e. taken in war; compare 2 Kings 6:22.
Niphal, pass. of Kal, Genesis 14:14; Exodus 22:9.
Derivatives, שְׁבוּת, שְׁבִי, שִׁבְיָה, שׁבִית, and pr.n. שְׁבוּאֵל, שְׁבִי, שֹׁבַי, תִּשְׁבֶּה.