the Week of Proper 3 / Ordinary 8
Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary Greek Lexicon
Strong's #1640 - ἐλάσσων
- in age (younger)
- in rank
- in excellence, worse
I Att. ἐλάσς-ττων, ον, gen. ονος: Sup. ἐλάχιστος (q.v.): —
1. smaller, less, formed from ἐλαχύς (q.v.), but serving as Comp. to μικρός, δουρηνεκὲς ἢ καὶ ἔλασσον Il. 10.357; τοὔλασσον ἔχειν to have the worse, be worse off, πάντῃ Thgn. 269; οὐδὲν ἔλασσον ἔχειν τῇ μάχῃ Hdt. 9.102; ἔ. ἔχειν παρά τινι D. 21.187; ἐλάττων γίγνεσθαι Ar. Eq. 441, D. 3.29; οὐκ ἐλάσσονα πάσχειν A. Pers. 813; ἐλάττω νομίσας τὴν ἀρχὴν ἢ κατὰ τὴν αὑτοῦ φύσιν εἶναι too small for.., Isoc. 11.11: abs., too small, Thphr. Char. 23.9; below the average in height, PLips. 1.9, etc.
2. c. gen. pers., worse than, inferior to, Ar. V. 599, etc.: but c. gen. rei, giving way to, subservient to, σιτίων X. Lac. 5.8; πάθους Plu. Cor. 34: abs., worse, inferior, τόποι Gp. 2.48.1.
3. neut. with Preps., περὶ ἐλάσσονος ποιεῖσθαι to consider of less account, Hdt. 6.6; ἐν ἐλάττονι θέσθαι Plb. 4.6.12; παρ' ἔλαττον τοῦ δέοντος ἡγεῖσθαι Pl. R. 546d; ἐπ' ἔλαττον (sc. ἁρμοσθῆναι) Id. Phd. 93b; δι' ἐλάσσονος at less distance, Th. 7.4; πάντ' ἐν ἐλάττονι ποιεῖσθαι τῆς ἡδονῆς Heraclid.Pont. ap. Ath. 12.537c.
II of Number, fewer, οἱ ἐλάσσονες the minority, Hdt. 3.121; ἐλάσσονες ἀριθμόν Id. 8.66; ἔ. πλῆθος Th. 1.49.
III of Time, shorter, Pl. Plt. 295c, etc. of worth or rank, οἱ ἐ. the meaner sort, Isoc. 2.13, Alex. 116.12. neut. ἔλασσον, as Adv., ἔ. ἢ μηδέν A. Pr. 938, cf. S. El. 598, Pl. R. 564d, etc.; ἔ. ἄπωθεν less far off, Th. 4.67; πλείω ἔλαττον, with numbers, more or less, PLips. 28.10 (iv A.D.), etc.: neut. pl., as Adv.,= ἐλαττονάκις, Pl. Cri. 53a, al.: regul. Adv. ἐλασσόνως (q.v.). with indecl. Numerals, the ἤ of Comparison is often omitted, οὐκ ἐλάττους ὀγδοήκοντα D.S. 14.8; esp. in Adv. ἔλασσον, as μὴ ἔ. δέκα ἔτη Pl. Lg. 856d,al. (Orig. ἐλάχγων, cf. ἐλάχ-ιστος, ἐλαχύς.)
ἐλάσσων (in John and Romans) or ἐλαττῶν (in Hebrews, 1 Timothy; cf. Buttmann, 7), ἐλασσον (comparitive of the epic adjective ἐλαχύς equivalent to μικρός) (from Homer down), less — either in age (younger), Romans 9:12; or in rank, Hebrews 7:7; or in excellence, worse (opposed to καλός), John 2:10. Neuter ἔλαττον, adverbially, less (namely, than etc., A. V. under; cf. Winers Grammar, 239 (225); 595f, (554); Buttmann, 127f (112)): 1 Timothy 5:9.
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ἐλάσσων (-ττων , Hebrews 7:7, WH, 1 Timothy 5:9), -ον
(formed, with superl. ἐλάχιστος , from the epic ἐλαχύς , little, and serving as compar. of μικρός ),
[in LXX for H4591, etc.;]
less, in age, rank or quality: John 2:19, Romans 9:12 (LXX), Hebrews 7:7; neut., -ον , adverbially: 1 Timothy 5:9.†
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
In P Petr III. 32(f).10 a complaint is brought against a tax-collector that he makes agreements ";at too low a rate"; with certain persons who are liable to the police tax—ἐξ ἐλάττ ̣[ονο ]ς συνχωρήσεις ποιεῖται : cf. P Par 63.28 (B.C. 165) (= P Petr III. p. 20) ἕκαστον αὐτῶν γεω [ργ ]ήσειν ἐπὶ τὸ ἔλασσον, ";that each man is personally liable for field labour on the smaller assessment"; (Mahaffy), ib. .120 (= ib. p. 28) τοῖς δυναμένοις οὐκ ἔλασσον τούτου μεριστέον, ";not less than this (assessment) is to be allotted to those who are capable"; (id.), and P Oxy II. 237viii. 11 (A.D. 186) ἐπ᾽ ἐλλάττονι συμβήσεσθαι, ";to accept less than the full amount"; (Edd.). So P Giss I. 61.18 (A.D. 119) ἀξιοῦμ ̣ε ̣[ν ] . . . τὴν ἐξε ̣τασιν ποιη ̣σασθαι πρὸς τὸ μηδὲν ἔλασσον τῶι φίσ ̣[κωι ] ἐπακολουθῆσαι, with which the editor contrasts P Oxy II. 279.3 (A.D. 44–5) πλεῖον περιποιῆσαι τοῖς δη [μοσ ]ίοις. For a direct antithesis with πλείων, see PSI III. 187.10 (iv/A.D.) μισθώσασθ [αι ] . . . [ἀρ ]ούρας δέκα ἢ ὅσας ἐὰν ὦσ [ι ] ἐπὶ τὸ πλεῖον ἢ ἔ [λασσον, and for a similar antithesis with μείζων see P Ryl II. 77.39 (A.D. 192) Ὀ. εἶπ (εν)· ἀναδεξάμενος τὴν μείζονα ἀρχὴν οὐκ ὀφείλει τὴν ἐλάττον᾽ ἀποφεύγειν, ";O. said : —‘A person who has offered to undertake the greater office ought, not to shun the lesser’ "; (Edd.). For the corresponding subst. cf. e.g. P Tebt I. 97.1 (B.C. 118) where an account of payments in kind is headed—list of payments εἰς τὴν μί [σ (θωσιν) τοῦ ] αὐτ [οῦ ] (ἔτους) εἰς τὸ ἐλάσσωμα, ";on account of leases of the said year to meet the deficiency,"; and BGU IV. 1060.26 (time of Augustus) ἀξιοῦμεν ἐν μηδενὶ ἐλαττώμ ̣α ̣τ ̣ι ̣ ἡμᾶς πρόνοιαν γενέσθαι. On the interchange of -σσ - and -ττ - see Mayser Gr. p. 223, and Moulton Gr. ii. § 43.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org.
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