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Bible Lexicons

Old Testament Hebrew Lexical DictionaryHebrew Lexicon

Strong's #772 - אֲרַע

Root Word (Etymology)
corresponding to (H776)
Parts of Speech
masculine noun
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1) earth, world, ground

Greek Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 1640 ‑ ἐλάσσων (el‑as'‑sone, el‑at'‑tone);  
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (21)
Ezra 1
Jeremiah 1
Daniel 19
NAS (20)
Ezra 1
Daniel 19
CSB (21)
Ezra 1
Jeremiah 1
Daniel 19
BSB (21)
Ezra 1
Jeremiah 1
Daniel 19
ESV (21)
Ezra 1
Jeremiah 1
Daniel 19
WEB (21)
Ezra 1
Jeremiah 1
Daniel 19
Ancient Hebrew Lexicon Definitions

1455) yr (רתס RTs) AC: Crush CO: Potsherd AB: Desire: Broken pieces of pottery were commonly used as writing tablets as they were inexpensive and durable. These potsherds were commonly used to send messages from one person to another, usually carried by runners. (eng: earth; terra - with a reversal of letters; terrain)

A) yr (רתס RTs) AC: ? CO: Potsherd AB: ?: Broken fragments of a pot which were commonly used as writing surfaces for messages.

Nm) yr (רתס RTs) - Fragment: KJV (1): piece - Strongs: H7518 (רַץ)

B) yyr (רתסתס RTsTs) AC: Crush CO: ? AB: Violence

V) yyr (רתסתס RTsTs) - Crush: To crush something to pieces. Also an oppression or struggle as crushing. [Hebrew and Aramaic] [df: ssr] KJV (22): (vf: Paal, Niphal, Hiphil, Piel) oppress, break, bruise, crush, discourage, struggle - Strongs: H7465 (רֹעָה), H7533 (רָצַץ), H7567 (רָשַׁשׁ)

kof1 ) eyyfrm (מרותסתסה MRWTsTsH) - Violence: In the sense of chattering. [df: hurm] KJV (1): violence - Strongs: H4835 (מְרוּצָה)

C) yra (ארתס ARTs) AC: ? CO: Land AB: ?: Land is divided up into fragments by tribe or nations.

Nf) yra (ארתס ARTs) - Land: The whole of the earth or a region. [Hebrew and Aramaic] [df: qra] KJV (2526): earth, land, country, ground, world, way, common, field, nations, inferior - Strongs: H772 (אֲרַע), H776 (אֶרֶץ), H778 (אֲרַק)

Nf1 ) eyra (ארתסה ARTsH) - Bottom: [Unknown connection to root; Aramaic only] KJV (1): bottom - Strongs: H773 (אַרְעִי)

E) ayr (רתסא RTsA) AC: Run CO: ? AB: ?: Messengers ran messages written on potsherds.

V) ayr (רתסא RTsA) - Run: KJV (1): (vf: Paal) run - Strongs: H7519 (רָצָא)

H) eyr (רתסה RTsH) AC: ? CO: Message AB: Desire: Ones will and desires are written on potsherds as messages to another.

V) eyr (רתסה RTsH) - Desire: KJV (57): (vf: Paal, Niphal, Hiphil, Hitpael, Piel) accept, please, pleasure, delight, enjoy, favourable, acceptable, accomplish, affection, approve - Strongs: H7521 (רָצָה)

jm) nfyr (רתסונ RTsWN) - Will: Ones desire. From instructions that are written on potsherds. KJV (56): favour, will, acceptable, delight, pleasure, accepted, desire, acceptance, selfwill - Strongs: H7522 (רָצֹן)

J) yfr (רותס RWTs) AC: Run CO: Course AB: ?: Messengers ran messages written on potsherds.

V) yfr (רותס RWTs) - Run: KJV (104): (vf: Paal, Hiphil) run, guard, post, speedily - Strongs: H7323 (רוּץ)

km) yfrm (מרותס MRWTs) - Course: The path of the runner. KJV (1): race - Strongs: H4793 (מֵרוֹץ)

kf1) eyfrm (מרותסה MRWTsH) - Course: The path of the runner. KJV (4): running - Strongs: H4794 (מְרֻצָה)

Adopted Roots:

AHL Definitions Copyright: ©1999-2024
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Expanded Definition
 [אֲרַע]21 noun [feminine] earth (so ᵑ7 Syriac; = Biblical Hebrew אֶרֶץ, q. v.); — emphatic אַרְעָא Daniel 2:35,39 16t. Daniel; Ezra 5:11; Jeremiah 10:11 b; אַ֫רְעָא (D§§ 9,5 a; 44,1 n) = אֲרַע + ָ֯ of direction, earthward, i.e. downward, אַרְעָא מִנָּח Daniel 2:39 Kt lower than thou, i.e. inferior to thee Qr אֲרַע (compare ᵑ7אֲרַע מִן Ruth 4:4); — Jeremiah 10:11 a see [ אֲרַק].

[אֲרַק] noun [feminine] earth (= [אֲרַע]; ארקא Egyptian Aramaic S-C Pap. B 15 + often (sometimes also ארעא, as ib.16), Nineveh and Babylonian Aramaic Cooke192, also Mandean Nö M§ 66, Zinjirli, Lzb227 Cooke166 (compare 183); עק֑, as Zinjirli מוצאמ֑וקא, רצהר֑קי, Cooke166,185; compare K§ 7,2and anm. i and references, Cooke185 ZMG xivii (1893), 100; M § 66 Gunk Schöpf. 18 Lzb Eph. I:223 SAC JQ, 1903-4,273); — emphatic אַרְקָא Jeremiah 10:11a.

Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Gesenius' Hebrew and Chaldee Definition

אֲרַע Ch. emph. st. אַרְעָא

(1)  earth, i.q. Heb. אֶרֶץ, ע and צ being interchanged (see under ). Daniel 2:35, 39 3:31, etc.

(2) the ground, and adv. below, inferior; Daniel 2:39, “after thee shall arise another kingdom, אַרְעָא מִנָּךְ inferior to thine.” Compare Ch. אַרְעִי, אַרְעָאִי inferior, מִלְרַע for מִלְאֲרַע from below, below. Hence

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List of Word Forms
אֲרַ֣עא אַרְעָ֑א אַרְעָ֔א אַרְעָ֖א אַרְעָ֗א אַרְעָֽא׃ אַרְעָא֙ ארעא ארעא׃ בְּאַרְעָ֣א בְאַרְעָ֔א בארעא וְאַרְעָ֗א וּבְאַרְעָ֑א וארעא ובארעא מֵֽאַרְעָ֛א מארעא ’ă·ra·‘ ’ar‘ā ’ar·‘ā ’ăra‘ arA bə’ar‘ā ḇə’ar‘ā bə·’ar·‘ā ḇə·’ar·‘ā bearA mê’ar‘ā mê·’ar·‘ā mearA ū·ḇə·’ar·‘ā ūḇə’ar‘ā uvearA vearA wə’ar‘ā wə·’ar·‘ā
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