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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #1645 - ἐλαφρός

Root Word (Etymology)
probably akin to (G1643) and the base of (G1640)
Parts of Speech
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  1. light in weight, quick, agile
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 6996 ‑ קָטֹן (kaw‑tawn', kaw‑tone');  7031 ‑ קַל (kal);  7044 ‑ קָלָל (kaw‑lawl');  
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (2)
Matthew 1
2 Corinthians 1
NAS (2)
Matthew 1
2 Corinthians 1
HCS (2)
Matthew 1
2 Corinthians 1
BSB (2)
Matthew 1
2 Corinthians 1
ESV (2)
Matthew 1
2 Corinthians 1
WEB (2)
Matthew 1
2 Corinthians 1
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

ἐλαφρ-ός, ά, όν,

and in Pi. N. 5.20 ός, όν: (v. ἐλαχύς);


1. light in weight, τόν οἱ ἐ. ἔθηκε (sc. λᾶαν) Il. 12.450; ξύλου ἐλαφρότερα Hdt. 3.23; πῦρ Parm. 8.57; opp. βαρύς, Pl. Ti. 63c, etc.; in Epitaphs, γαῖαν ἔχοις ἐλαφράν ' sit tibi terra levis', Epigr.Gr. 195 (Vaxos), cf. Sammelb. 315. Adv., τά (sc. δένδρεα) οἱ πλώοιεν ἐλαφρῶς Od. 5.240.

2. light to bear, easy, καί κεν ἐλαφρότερος πόλεμος Τρώεσσι γένοιτο Il. 22.287; συμφ ορὰν ἐλαφροτέραν καταστῆσαι Antipho 3.3.12; πόνος-ότερος ἑαυτοῦ συνηθείῃ γίνεται Democr. 241: later, Comp. ἐλαφρώτερον ἄλγος Max. 173; ἐλαφρόν [ἐστι ] 'tis light, easy, Pi. N. 7.77, A. Pr. 265, etc.; easy to understand, [ προβλήματα] ἐ. καὶ πιθανά Plu. 2.133e, cf. D.Chr. 18.11; ἐν ἐλαφρῷ ποιήσασθαί τι to make light of a thing, Hdt. 3.154; οὐκ ἐν ἐ. ποιεῖσθαι Id. 1.118; οὐκ ἐν ἐ. no light matter, Theoc. 22.212. Adv. -ρῶς, φέρειν ζυγόν to bear it lightly, Pi. P. 2.93.

3. light of digestion, Plu. 2.137a.

4. shallow, διάπλους Peripl.M.Rubr. 55; δῖναι ib.40.

5. Act., ease-giving, B. Fr. 8, Theoc. 2.92.

II light in moving, nimble, γυῖα δ' ἔθηκεν ἐ. Il. 5.122; ἦ μάλ' ἐ. ἀνήρ 16.745; ἐλαφρότατος ποσσί 23.749; χεῖρες.. ἐπαΐσσονται ἐ. ib. 628; κίρκος.. ἐλαφρότατος πετεηνῶν 22.139, Od. 13.87; [ ἵπποι] ἐλαφρότατοι θείειν 3.370; ἐλαφραῖς πτερύγων ῥιπαῖς A. Pr. 125 (anap.); ἐ. ποδί ib. 281 (anap.); γονάτων ἐλαφρὸν ὁρμάν Pi. N. 5.20; ἐ. ποδῶν ἴχνι' ἀειράμεναι Call. Fr.anon. 391; ἐλαφρὰ ἡλικία the age of active youth, X. Mem. 3.5.27; ἐλαφροί, οἱ, light troops, Id. An. 4.2.27 (restricted to cavalry who fight at close quarters, Ascl. Tact. 1.3): metaph., πόλιας θῆκεν ἐλαφροτέρας made them easier in condition, Epigr.Gr. 905 (Gortyn). Adv. -ρῶς nimbly, Ar. Ach. 217; ὀρχεῖσθαι πυρρίχην X. An. 6.1.12.


1. metaph., light-minded, unsteady, fickle, πᾶν πλῆθός ἐστιν ἐ. Plb. 6.56.11; ἐ. λύσσα light-headed madness, E. Ba. 851. gentle, mild, σφᾶς αὐτοὺς -οτάτους τοῖς συνοῦσι παρέχοντας Isoc. 12.31, cf. Pl. 360c.

2. small, ποταμός Plb. 16.17.7; of small power or strength, πόλεις Id. 5.62.6.

3. relieved of a burden, ψυχὴ ἐ. καὶ δι' αὑτῆς Plot. 4.3.32. Ἐλαφρός· Ζεὺς ἐν Κρήτῃ, Hsch.

Thayer's Expanded Definition

ἐλαφρός, ἐλαφρα, ἐλαφρόν, light in weight, quick, agile; a light φορτίον is used figuratively concerning the commandments of Jesus, easy to be kept, Matthew 11:30; neuter τό ἐλαφρόν, substantively, the lightness: τῆς θλίψεως (A. V. our light affliction), 2 Corinthians 4:17. (From Homer down.)

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

ἐλαφρός , - , -όν ,

[in LXX chiefly for H7031, H7044;]

light in weight easy to bear: Matthew 11:30; θλίψρις (EV, our light affliction), 2 Corinthians 4:17.†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

ἐλαφρός occurs literally in P Giss I. 47.7 (time of Hadrian) ] μὲν γὰρ θῶραξ. . . τὸ μεῖζον ἐλα [φ ]ρότατος ὡς μὴ κάμνειν τὸν φοροῦντα αὐτὸν [ ]γοράσθη κτλ., and Preisigke 315 (a sepulchral inscr.) ἐλαφρά σοι γῆ γένοιτο, ";sit tibi terra levis."; For the verb ἐλαφρίζω see Syll 330.28 (Roman age) ἵνα μὴ δῷ ἁ ἁμετέρα πόλις, ἀλλὰ ἐλαφρισθῇ, and for ἐλαφρύνω the Christian P Gen I. 14.22 (Byz.) ]λαφρυνθῆναι τῶν χρεῶν. See also Cagnat IV. 292.3 (Pergamon—B.C. 130) περὶ ἐλαφροτοκίας, ";as regards lowering of interest."; The adj. ἐλαφρός (—ύς) survives in MGr beside ἀλαφρός.


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
ελαφραί ελαφρον ελαφρόν ἐλαφρόν ἐλαφρὸν ελαφρός ελαφρότερος elaphron elaphrón elaphròn
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