15 million Ukrainian are displaced by Russia's war.
Millions miss a meal or two each day.
Help us change that! Click to donate today!

Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Strong's #1645 - ἐλαφρός

probably akin to (G1643) and the base of (G1640)
Parts of Speech
  1. light in weight, quick, agile
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 6996 ‑ קָטֹן (kaw‑tawn', kaw‑tone');  7031 ‑ קַל (kal);  7044 ‑ קָלָל (kaw‑lawl');  
Frequency Lists  
  1. Book
  2. Word
  3. Parsing
KJV (2)
2 Corinthians
NAS (2)
2 Corinthians
HCS (2)
2 Corinthians
BSB (2)
2 Corinthians
ESV (2)
2 Corinthians
WEB (2)
2 Corinthians
Verse Results
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

ἐλαφρ-ός, ά, όν,

and in Pi. N. 5.20 ός, όν: (v. ἐλαχύς);


1. light in weight, τόν οἱ ἐ. ἔθηκε (sc. λᾶαν) Il. 12.450; ξύλου ἐλαφρότερα Hdt. 3.23; πῦρ Parm. 8.57; opp. βαρύς, Pl. Ti. 63c, etc.; in Epitaphs, γαῖαν ἔχοις ἐλαφράν ' sit tibi terra levis', Epigr.Gr. 195 (Vaxos), cf. Sammelb. 315. Adv., τά (sc. δένδρεα) οἱ πλώοιεν ἐλαφρῶς Od. 5.240.

2. light to bear, easy, καί κεν ἐλαφρότερος πόλεμος Τρώεσσι γένοιτο Il. 22.287; συμφ ορὰν ἐλαφροτέραν καταστῆσαι Antipho 3.3.12; πόνος-ότερος ἑαυτοῦ συνηθείῃ γίνεται Democr. 241: later, Comp. ἐλαφρώτερον ἄλγος Max. 173; ἐλαφρόν [ἐστι ] 'tis light, easy, Pi. N. 7.77, A. Pr. 265, etc.; easy to understand, [ προβλήματα] ἐ. καὶ πιθανά Plu. 2.133e, cf. D.Chr. 18.11; ἐν ἐλαφρῷ ποιήσασθαί τι to make light of a thing, Hdt. 3.154; οὐκ ἐν ἐ. ποιεῖσθαι Id. 1.118; οὐκ ἐν ἐ. no light matter, Theoc. 22.212. Adv. -ρῶς, φέρειν ζυγόν to bear it lightly, Pi. P. 2.93.

3. light of digestion, Plu. 2.137a.

4. shallow, διάπλους Peripl.M.Rubr. 55; δῖναι ib.40.

5. Act., ease-giving, B. Fr. 8, Theoc. 2.92.

II light in moving, nimble, γυῖα δ' ἔθηκεν ἐ. Il. 5.122; ἦ μάλ' ἐ. ἀνήρ 16.745; ἐλαφρότατος ποσσί 23.749; χεῖρες.. ἐπαΐσσονται ἐ. ib. 628; κίρκος.. ἐλαφρότατος πετεηνῶν 22.139, Od. 13.87; [ ἵπποι] ἐλαφρότατοι θείειν 3.370; ἐλαφραῖς πτερύγων ῥιπαῖς A. Pr. 125 (anap.); ἐ. ποδί ib. 281 (anap.); γονάτων ἐλαφρὸν ὁρμάν Pi. N. 5.20; ἐ. ποδῶν ἴχνι' ἀειράμεναι Call. Fr.anon. 391; ἐλαφρὰ ἡλικία the age of active youth, X. Mem. 3.5.27; ἐλαφροί, οἱ, light troops, Id. An. 4.2.27 (restricted to cavalry who fight at close quarters, Ascl. Tact. 1.3): metaph., πόλιας θῆκεν ἐλαφροτέρας made them easier in condition, Epigr.Gr. 905 (Gortyn). Adv. -ρῶς nimbly, Ar. Ach. 217; ὀρχεῖσθαι πυρρίχην X. An. 6.1.12.


1. metaph., light-minded, unsteady, fickle, πᾶν πλῆθός ἐστιν ἐ. Plb. 6.56.11; ἐ. λύσσα light-headed madness, E. Ba. 851. gentle, mild, σφᾶς αὐτοὺς -οτάτους τοῖς συνοῦσι παρέχοντας Isoc. 12.31, cf. Pl. 360c.

2. small, ποταμός Plb. 16.17.7; of small power or strength, πόλεις Id. 5.62.6.

3. relieved of a burden, ψυχὴ ἐ. καὶ δι' αὑτῆς Plot. 4.3.32. Ἐλαφρός· Ζεὺς ἐν Κρήτῃ, Hsch.

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

ἐλαφρός , - , -όν ,

[in LXX chiefly for H7031, H7044;]

light in weight easy to bear: Matthew 11:30; θλίψρις (EV, our light affliction), 2 Corinthians 4:17.†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

ἐλαφρός occurs literally in P Giss I. 47.7 (time of Hadrian) ] μὲν γὰρ θῶραξ. . . τὸ μεῖζον ἐλα [φ ]ρότατος ὡς μὴ κάμνειν τὸν φοροῦντα αὐτὸν [ ]γοράσθη κτλ., and Preisigke 315 (a sepulchral inscr.) ἐλαφρά σοι γῆ γένοιτο, ";sit tibi terra levis."; For the verb ἐλαφρίζω see Syll 330.28 (Roman age) ἵνα μὴ δῷ ἁ ἁμετέρα πόλις, ἀλλὰ ἐλαφρισθῇ, and for ἐλαφρύνω the Christian P Gen I. 14.22 (Byz.) ]λαφρυνθῆναι τῶν χρεῶν. See also Cagnat IV. 292.3 (Pergamon—B.C. 130) περὶ ἐλαφροτοκίας, ";as regards lowering of interest."; The adj. ἐλαφρός (—ύς) survives in MGr beside ἀλαφρός.


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
ελαφραί ελαφρον ελαφρόν ἐλαφρόν ἐλαφρὸν ελαφρός ελαφρότερος elaphron elaphrón elaphròn
Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for Copyright 1999-2022. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.
Search for…
Choose a letter to browse: