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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #172 - ἄκακος

Root Word (Etymology)
from (G1) (as a negative particle) and (G2556)
Parts of Speech
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  1. without guile or fraud, harmless, free from guilt
  2. fearing no evil from others, distrusting no one
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 441 ‑ אַלֻּף (al‑loof', al‑loof');  6612 ‑ פְּתָאִי (peth‑ee', peh'‑thee, peth‑aw‑ee');  8535 ‑ תָּם (tawm);  
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (2)
Romans 1
Hebrews 1
NAS (2)
Romans 1
Hebrews 1
HCS (2)
Romans 1
Hebrews 1
BSB (2)
Romans 1
Hebrews 1
ESV (2)
Romans 1
Hebrews 1
WEB (2)
Romans 1
Hebrews 1
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

ἄκᾰκ-ος, ον,


1. unknowing of ill, guileless, A. Pers. 663 (lyr.), Pl. Ti. 91d, Romans 16:18.

2. innocent, simple (cf. εὐήθης), D. 47.46, 82; ἄ. ἀνθρώπων τρόπος Anaxil. 33. Adv. -κως D. 47.50.


1. unharmed, Sapph. 149.

2. unadulterated, POxy. 142 (vi A. D.).

Thayer's Expanded Definition

ἄκακος, (κακός);

a. without guile or fraud, harmless; free from guilt: Hebrews 7:26; (cf. Clement, fragment 8, Jacobson edition (Lightfoot S. Clement of Rome etc., p. 219): ἄκακος πατήρ πνεῦμα ἔδωκεν ἄκακον).

b. fearing no evil from others, distrusting no one, (cf. English guileless): Romans 16:18. ((Aeschylus) Plato, Demosthenes, Polybius, others; the Sept.) (Cf. Trench, § lvi.; Tittmann i., p. 27f.)

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

-κακος , -ον ,

[in LXX for H6612, H8535, etc.;]

(a) as in cl. (Æsch., Plat., al.), of persons, simple, guileless: Romans 16:18, Hebrews 7:26 (cf. Cremer, 327);

(b) of things, undamaged (?MM, VGT, s.v.).†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

BGU IV. 1015.11 f. (A.D. 222–3) λ [άχαν ]ον νέον νέον καθαρὸν ἄδο ̣λ ̣(ον) . [. . ]κακ [ον ] must have a passive sense ";undamaged."; So P Oxy I. 142.5 (A.D. 534), a similar formula. For . = ";simple"; rather than ";innocent"; in Romans 16:18, see the quotations from Wetstein recalled by Field Notes, p. 166.


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
άκακοι ακάκοις άκακον ακακος άκακος ἄκακος ακάκου ακάκους ακακων ακάκων ἀκάκων άκαν άκανα akakon akakōn akákon akákōn akakos ákakos
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