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Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #1777 - ἔνοχος
- bound, under obligation, subject to, liable
- used of one who is held by, possessed with love, and zeal for anything
- in a forensic sense, denoting the connection of a person either with his crime, or with the penalty or trial, or with that against whom or which he has offended
- guilty, worthy of punishment
- guilty of anything
- of the crime
- of the penalty
- liable to this or that tribunal i.e. the punishment to by imposed by this or that tribunal
- of the place where punishment is to be suffered
ἔνοχος, ον, = ἐνεχόμενος,
1. held in, bound by, τοιαύταις δόξαις Arist. Metaph. 1009b17; ταῖς εἰρημέναις βλάβαις Id. Pol. 1337b17; [ ἔθεσι γεροντικοῖς ] Apollod.Com. 7.2.
2. c. gen., connected with, κοιλίης Hp. 23.
1. as law-term, liable to, subject to, νόμοις, δίκαις, Pl. Lg. 869b; τῇ γραφῇ X. Mem. 1.2.64; τῇ κρίσει Matthew 5:22; τῷ ὅρκῳ PRyl. 82.14 (ii A. D.), etc.; τοῖς ἐπιτιμίοις τοῦ φόνου Antipho 4.1.6; ζημίαις Lys. 14.9; ταῖς ἀραῖς D. 19.201; δεσμῷ Id. 51.4; ὅρκῳ PHib. 1.65.22 (iii B. C.), etc.; ἔ. ἀνοίαις liable to the imputation of it, Isoc. 8.7; ἁμαρτήμασι Aeschin. 2.146; τοῖς αἰσχίστοις ἐπιτηδεύμασιν Id. 1.185.
2. ἔνοχος ψευδομαρτυρίοις liable to action for.., Pl. Tht. 148b: c. gen., ἔ. τοῦ φόνου Antipho 6.46; βιαίων, λιποταξίου (sc. δίκῃ, γραφῇ), Pl. Lg. 914e, Lys. 14.5; ἱεροσυλίας LXX 2 Maccabees 13:6; μοιχείας Vett. Val. 117.10; ἔ. θανάτου liable to the penalty of death, D.S. 27.4, Matthew 26:66 (but θανάτῳ Wilcken Chr. 13.11 (i A. D.)): c. inf., ἔ. ἔστω ἀποτῖσαι CIG 2832.8 (Aphrodisias).
3. less freq. with Preps., ἔ. ἐν τοῖς αὐτοῖς Decr. ap. And. 1.79; περὶ ταὐτά Arist. Rh. 1384b2; ἔνοχοι ἔντω ἐνς Ἀθαναίαν IG 4.554 (Argos, vi/v B. C.).
4. guilty, liable to the penalty for, ἔ. τῷ φόνῳ Antipho 1.11, Arist. Pol. 1269a3, cf. Rh. 1380a3: abs., Antipho 4.1.1, 6.17, Pl. Sph. 261a, etc. of property, subject to liability, PMasp. 312.86 (vi A. D.).
ἔνοχος , -ον
(= ἐνεχόμενος ),
(in LXX for H7561 hi., etc.;]
1. held in, bound by: c. gen. (cl. c. dat.), δουλείας , Hebrews 2:15.
2. In law-phrases;
(a) liable to a charge or action (cl. c. dat., of crime): c. dat., of the tribunal (MM, Exp., xiii), Matthew 5:21-22; seq. εἰς (Field, Notes, 4 f.), Matthew 5:22;
(b) c. gen., of the punishment (Genesis 26:11): θανάτου , Matthew 26:66, Mark 14:64;
(c) c. gen. (cl. c. dat„ rarely c. prep.; MM, Exp., xiii), of the crime (2 Maccabees 13:6): Mark 3:29;
(d) c. gen., of the thing injured, guilty (absol., in Cl.): 1 Corinthians 11:27, James 2:10 (cf. Isaiah 54:17; DB, ii, 268a).†
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Wellhausen’s assertion (Einl. p. 33 f.) that ἔ. τῇ κρίσει in Matthew 5:28 is ";ungriechisch"; is sufficiently ruled out by Grimm’s apt parallel ἔ. τῇ γραφῇ, ";liable to be indicted,"; from Xenophon (Mem. i. 2. 64) : Blass Gr. p. 106 makes the dative in Mt l.c. ";the commoner classical construction."; The dat. of the crime, also classical, is found in Hellenistic, as P Eleph 23.19 (B.C. 223–2) ἔ. τῆι ἀσεβείαι τοῦ ὅρκου, and other exx. cited under ἀσέβεια : the phrase ἢ ἔνοχος εἴην τῷ ὅρκῳ recurs very frequently, e.g. P Oxy I. 82.7(mid. iii/A.D.), P Ryl II. 82.14 (A.D. 113), ib. 88.25 (A.D. 156), P Fay 24.17 (A.D. 158). In an edict of the Prefect Aulus Avillius Flaccus (i/A.D.) we find θανάτωι ἔνοχος ἔσ [τωι, which prompts Wilcken (Archiv. i. p. 170, n..8) to observe on Matthew 26:66 that the Prefect writes better Greek than the Evangelist. ";Or is the illogical genitive θανάτου only a MS. corruption due to the fusion of u and o vowels in the later vernacular ?"; The gen. in 1 Corinthians 11:27 is claimed by Deissmann (LAE p. 116) as a Cilician provincialism of Paul. For an ex. of ἔ., with the dat. of the penalty, contemporary with the NT writings, see P Oxy II. 275.32 (a contract of apprenticeship—A.D. 66) (= Selections, p. 57) ἐὰν δὲ καὶ αὐτὸ [ς ὁ ] Πτολεμαῖος μὴ ἐγδιδάξῃ τὸν παῖ [δ ]α, ἔνοχος ἔστω τοῖς ἴσοις ἐπιτε [ί ]μοις, ";but if Ptolemaeus himself does not teach the boy thoroughly, let him be liable to like penalties"; : cf. Ach. Tat. viii. 10 δυσὶ θανάτοις ἔνοχ. From the inscrr. we have Michel 827 A. .50 (mid. iii/B.C.) ἔνοχοι ἔστωσαν τῶι κατὰ τὸν τῆς οἰκονομίας νόμωι. Vett. Val. p. 117.10 κατάμοιχοι γίνονται ἢ ἔνοχοι μοιχείας shows the gen. of the crime, as in Mark 3:29, Genesis 26:11, 2 Maccabees 13:6.
For the subst. ἐνοχή = ";obligatio,"; see P Iand 48.11 (A.D. 582) with the editor’s note, and Wenger Stellvertretung, p. 262.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
the Second Week after Epiphany