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Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #1908 - ἐπηρεάζω
- to insult
- to treat abusively, use despitefully
- to revile
- in a forensic sense, to accuse falsely
- to threaten
I threaten abusively, λέγειν ἐπηρεάζοντες Hdt. 6.9: c. acc., speak disparagingly of, τὴν ἀγαθὴν ἀναστροφήν 1 Peter 3:16.
II deal despitefully with, act despitefully towards, c. dat. pers., X. Mem. 1.2.31; ἐ. μοι συνεχῶς καὶ μικρὰ καὶ μείζω D. 21.14, etc.; ἐ. ψηφίσμασι καὶ νόμοις oppose them insolently, Id. 18.320; τινός Luc. Nav. 27; τινά Arist. Pol. 1311a37, Luke 6:28, etc.; εἰ δ' ἄν τις.. ἐπηρειάζεν δέατοι ἰν τὰ ἔργα IG 5(2).6.46 (Tegea, iv B.C.): abs., to be insolent, Antipho 6.8; ὑψηλὴ ῥὶς ὥσπερ -άζουσα διατετείχικε τὰ ὄμματα X. Smp. 5.6: — Pass., to be insulted, Lys. 29.7, D. 21.15, D.S. 36.11, Ph. 2.52, PGen. 31.18 (ii A.D.): — later Med. in act. sense, τινί PLond. 3.846.6 (ii A.D.).
III of the action of disease, διάφορα ἐ. μόρια Steph. in Hp. 1.204 D.
(< ἐπήρεια , spiteful abuse),
to revile: c. acc pers., Luke 6:28; c. acc rei (but v. ICC, in l), 1 Peter 3:16.†
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
The verb is common = ";insult,"; ";treat wrongfully."; Thus in P Flor I. 99.10 (i/ii A.D.) (= Selections, p. 72) we find the parents of a youth, who had squandered his and their property, announcing—οὗ χάριν προορώμεθα μήποτε ἐ [π ]ηρεάσηι ἡμεῖν ἢ ἕτερο [ν ] ἢ (omit.) ἄτοπο ̣ν τι πράξη [ι, ";on that account we are taking precautions lest he should deal despitefully with us, or do anything else amiss"; : cf. P Fay 123.7 (c. A.D. 100) διὰ τὸ ἐπηρεᾶσθαι οὐκ ἠδυνήθην κατελθεῖν, ";owing to my having been molested I was unable to come down,"; P Gen I. 31.18 (A.D. 145–6) πρὸς τὸ μὴ ἔτι ὕστερόν με ἐπηρεάζεσθαι, BGU I. 15.12 (A.D. 194) ὅτι νῦν κωμογραμματεὺς ἐπηρεάζει τῷ συνηγορουμ [έ ]νῳ, PSI I. 92.4 (iii/A.D.) ὁ ἄνθρωπος ἐπηρέασεν ἡμῖν, and OGIS 484.26 (ii/A.D.) δι᾽ ὧν ἐπηρέαζον μάλιστα τοὺς τὸν ἰχθὺν πιπράσκοντας. The middle is found in an interesting document in which a weaver petitions on the ground of poverty against his name being inserted in the list of those eligible for the office of πρεσβύτερος τῆς κώμης, or village elder, P Lond 846.6 (A.D. 140) (= III. p. 131) οἱ δὲ τῆς κώμης πρεσβύτεροι ἐπηρεάζοντ [ό μοι ὅπως ] ἀναδώσω καί μου τ ̣ο ̣, κτῆμα εἰς πρεσβυτερείαν τῆς κώμης ἀπ [όρου ] μου ὄ [ν ]τος. For the subst. ἐπηρεασμός, see P Tebt I. 28.4 (c. B.C. 114) διὰ τὸν. . . ἐ [πηρ ]εασμόν, ";on account of the insolent conduct,"; and for ἐπηρεία, BGU I. 340.21 (A.D. 148–9) ἐπὶ οὖν οὗτοι οὐκ ἀφί [στα ]ντε (l.—νται) τῆς κατ᾽ ἐμοῦ ἐπηρίας, and the curious mantic P Ryl I. 28.139 (iv/A.D.) where the quivering of the right legbone is taken as a sign that the person will be involved ἐν ἐπηρίᾳ, ";in illtreatment.";
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
the Second Week after Epiphany