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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #1936 - ἐπίθεσις

Root Word (Etymology)
from (G2007)
Parts of Speech
feminine noun
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  1. a laying on, imposition
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 5691 ‑ עֲגָבָה (ag‑aw‑baw');  7195 ‑ קֶשֶׁר (keh'‑sher);  
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (4)
Acts 1
1 Timothy 1
2 Timothy 1
Hebrews 1
NAS (4)
Acts 1
1 Timothy 1
2 Timothy 1
Hebrews 1
HCS (4)
Acts 1
1 Timothy 1
2 Timothy 1
Hebrews 1
BSB (4)
Acts 1
1 Timothy 1
2 Timothy 1
Hebrews 1
ESV (4)
Acts 1
1 Timothy 1
2 Timothy 1
Hebrews 1
WEB (4)
Acts 1
1 Timothy 1
2 Timothy 1
Hebrews 1
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

ἐπίθεσις, εως, ἡ,


1. setting on its base, τοῦ ἀνδριάντος CIG 3124 (Teos).

2.. laying or putting on, opp. ἀφαίρεσις, Arist. Juv. 470a11; τῶν χειρῶν Acts 8:18, etc.; application, περιχρίστων Plu. 2.102a, cf. Luc. DDeor. 13.1 (prob.).

3.. application of epithets, τὰς ἐ. ποιεῖσθαι Arist. Rh. 1405b22.

4.. imposition of increased burdens, Cat.Cod.Astr. 7.134.

II. (from Med.)

1. setting upon, attack, Antipho 2.2.13; ἐ. γίγνεταί τινι X. An. 4.4.22; ἡ Περσῶν ἐ. τοῖς Ἕλλησι Pl. Lg. 698b; τῶν ἐ. αἱ μὲν ἐπὶ τὸ σῶμα γίγνονται τῶν ἀρχόντων attempts, Arist. Pol. 1311a31; ἐ. συστῆσαι ἐπί τινα ib. 1306b35; ποιεῖσθαι ib. 1312a20; λῃστῶν PPetr. 3p.60 (iii B.C., prob.); κατά τινος D.H. 5.7; ἡ διὰ τοῦ πυρὸς ἐ. τοῖς ἔργοις Plb. 1.45.2; of disease, aggravated attack, Sor. 2.49 (pl.).

2.. c. gen., attempt to gain, τῆς τυραννίδος D.S. 13.92, etc.

3.. small urn placed on a σορός, IGRom. 4.1284 (Thyatira).

4.. imposture, deception, Aq. Proverbs 11:1, al.

5.. Pythag. name for two, Hsch.

Thayer's Expanded Definition

ἐπίθεσις, ἐπιθησεως, (ἐπιτίθημι), a laying on, imposition: τῶν χειρῶν, Acts 8:18; 1 Timothy 4:14; 2 Timothy 1:6; Hebrews 6:2. The imposition of hands, χειροθεσια, was a sacred rite transmitted by the Jews to the Christians, and employed in praying for another, or in conferring upon him divine blessings, especially bodily health, or the Holy Spirit (at the administration of baptism and the inauguration to their office of the teachers and ministers of the church): Genesis 48:14; Numbers 27:18, 23; Deuteronomy 34:9; 2 Kings 5:11, etc.; Matthew 19:13; Mark 16:18; Acts 6:6; Acts 13:3; Acts 19:6, etc. (See B. D. under the word (supplement); McCl. and Strong and Dict. of Chris. Antiq. under the word .)

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

ἐπί -θεσις , -εως ,

(< ἐπιτίθημι ),

[in LXX: 2 Chronicles 25:27 (H7195), Ezekiel 23:11 (H5691) 2 Maccabees 4:41; 2 Maccabees 5:5; 2 Maccabees 14:15 *;]

1. a laying on: χειρῶν , Acts 8:18, 1 Timothy 4:14, 2 Timothy 1:6, Hebrews 6:2 (cf. Westc., He., l.c.; CGT on 1Ti, l.c.).

2. an attack, assault (2Mac, ll.c.).†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

The only exx. we have found of this word are in the hostile sense of ";setting upon,"; ";attack,"; ";machination,"; e.g. P Rein 17.9 (B.C. 109) ἐπε ]ὶ οὖν ὑπο [λα ]μβάνω [δ ]ι ̣ὰ τῆς ἐπιθέσεως γ ̣ε ̣γονέναι Κ ̣ωννῶτος, ";comme j’ai lieu d’attribuer ce coup à une machination de Konnôs"; (Ed.), P Oxy II. 283.15 (A.D. 45) ὃν καὶ ἀγείοχα (l. ἀγήοχα) ἐπὶ σὲ μεθ᾽ ἱκανῆς τῆς γεγονοιίας μοι ἐπιθέσεως καὶ πληγῶν ἐπιφορᾶς, ";I have brought him to you at the expense of a severe and violent attack upon myself"; (Edd.), ib. VIII. 1121.7 (A.D. 295) καὶ αὐτὴ γὰρ ἀνυπέρβλητον ἐ ̣π ̣ι ̣θ ̣ε ̣σ ̣ιν καὶ ἁρπαγὴν πάσχουσα πρόσειμι μαρτυρο [μέν ]η τὰ εἴς με ἐπιχειρηθέντα, ";I therefore, being the victim of a most outrageous attack and robbery, approach you to testify to the assault upon me"; (Ed.). Cf. Vett. Val. p. 73.11 ἐξ ὀνειδισμῶν καὶ ἐνέδρας καὶ δόλου καὶ ἐπιθέσεως ἀναγομένους κτλ., and for ἐπιθέτης ib. p. 16.11. Ἐπίθεμα = ";addition"; is found in P Oxy III. 500.14 (A.D. 130), and according to the editors’ note ad l. it should be rendered ";higher bid"; in P Amh II. 85.21 (A.D. 78) : see further for the word the note on P Giss I. 48.10 and for the phrase ἱλαστήριον ἐπίθεμα in Exodus 25:16 (17) see Deissmann, BS, p. 124 ff.


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
επιθεσεως επιθέσεως ἐπιθέσεως ἐπιθέσεώς επίθεσιν epitheseos epitheseōs epithéseos epithéseōs epithéseṓs
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