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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #2026 - ἐποικοδομέω

Root Word (Etymology)
from (G1909) and (G3618)
Parts of Speech
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  1. to build upon, build up
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (8)
Acts 1
1 Corinthians 4
Ephesians 1
Colossians 1
Jude 1
NAS (8)
1 Corinthians 4
Ephesians 1
Colossians 1
1 Peter 1
Jude 1
CSB (7)
1 Corinthians 4
Ephesians 1
Colossians 1
Jude 1
BSB (7)
1 Corinthians 4
Ephesians 1
Colossians 1
Jude 1
ESV (7)
Acts 1
1 Corinthians 4
Ephesians 1
Colossians 1
WEB (7)
1 Corinthians 4
Ephesians 1
Colossians 1
Jude 1
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions



1. build up, -ήσαντας αὐτὸ (sc. τὸ τεῖχος) ὑψηλότερον Th. 7.4, cf. X. HG 6.5.12, D. 55.25: metaph., pile up, use a climax, Arist. Rh. 1365a16, Rh.Al. 1426b3.

2. build upon, ἐπὶ κρηπῖδι X. An. 3.4.11; ἐπὶ κρηπῖδος Pl. Lg. 736e; ἐπὶ τοὺς τοίχους OGI 483.117 (Pergam., ii B.C.): metaph., Pl. Lg. 793c (Pass.); φύσει μαθήματα Ph. 1.610; τινὶ εὐτονίαν, ἀσφάλειαν, Arr. Epict. 2.15.8 (Pass.); ἐπὶ θεμέλιον or θεμελίῳ, 1 Corinthians 3:12, Ephesians 2:20; θεμελίοις Sor. 1.47 (Pass.); τοῖς ἀληθέσιν ἐψευσμένα Paus. 8.2.6, cf. Dam. Pr. 87 (Pass.). edify, ἑαυτοὺς τῇ πίστει Judges 1:20 : Pass., -ούμενοι ἐν Χριστῷ Colossians 2:7.

II = cross ἐπιτειχίζω, Plb. 2.46.5: Med., στρατόπεδα πέντε -ησάμενος Arr. An. 2.1.2.

Thayer's Expanded Definition

ἐποικοδομέω, ἐποικοδόμω; 1 aorist ἐπωκοδόμησα, and without augment ἐποικοδόμησα (1 Corinthians 3:14 T Tr WH; cf. Tdf.'s note on Acts 7:47 (see οἰκοδομέω)); passive, present ἐποικοδομοῦμαι; 1 aorist participle ἐποικοδομηθέντες; in the N. T. only in the figurative which likens a company of Christian believers to an edifice or temple; to build upon, build up (Vulg. superaedifico); absolutely (like our English build up) viz. 'to finish the structure of which the foundation has already been laid,' i. e. in plain language, to give constant increase in Christian knowledge and in a life conformed thereto: Acts 20:32 (where L T Tr WH οἰκοδομῆσαι (Vulg. aedifico)); 1 Corinthians 3:10; (l Pet. 2:5 Tdf.); ἐπί τόν θεμέλιον, 1 Corinthians 3:12; τί, 1 Corinthians 3:14; ἐν Χριστῷ, with the passive, in fellowship with Christ to grow in spiritual life, Colossians 2:7; ἐποικοδομηθέντες ἐπί τῷ θεμελίῳ τῶν ἀποστόλων, on the foundation laid by the apostles, i. e. (dropping the figurative) gathered together into a church by the apostles' preaching of the gospel, Ephesians 2:20; ἐποικοδόμειν ἑαυτόν τῇ πίστει, Jude 1:20, where the sense is, 'resting on your most holy faith as a foundation, make progress, rise like an edifice higher and higher.' (Thucydides, Xenophon, Plato, others.)

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

* ἐπ -οικοδομέω , - ,

in NT, always metaph., of the spiritual life regarded as a building (Cremer, 449);

1. to build upon: 1 Corinthians 3:10; 1 Corinthians 3:12; 1 Corinthians 3:14; pass., Ephesians 2:20.

2. to build up: Colossians 2:7, 1 Peter 2:5 (T, οἰκοδ - WH, Rec.), Judges 1:20.†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

In connexion with the sale of a piece of land, power is given to the purchaser καὶ ἐ ̣μβατεύειν [καὶ ἐποι ]κοδομεῖν καὶ ἐγμισθοῦν [καὶ ] ἑτέροις παραχωρεῖν (BGU IV. 1130.14—B.C. 5) : cf. P Giss I. 67.12 (ii/A.D.) οὐ [κ ] ἐπῳκοδομήσαμε ̣ν ταῖς κ ̣ε ̣λλ ̣αις, ";wir haben nicht an den Magazinen (Kellern) weiter gebaut"; (Ed.), and Epict. ii. 15. 8 ἐποικοδομεῖν αὐτῷ τὴν εὐτονίαν, τὴν ἀσφάλειαν, ";build on it (a sound foundation) your firmness and unshaken resolve"; (Matheson). For the constr. with ἐπί, as in 1 Corinthians 3:12, see OGIS 483.117 (ii/B.C.) μὴ ἐξουσία δὲ ἔστω ἐπὶ τοὺς κοινοὺς τοίχους μήτε ἐποικοδομεῖν μήτε διορύσσειν μήτε ἄλλο καταβλάπτειν μηθέν : cf Syll 531.32 (iii/B.C.) ἐποικοδομήσει τειχίον ὑπὲρ γῆς, and for the subst. ib. 543.4 τῆς ἐποικοδομίας τῶν προκειμένων χωμάτων.


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
εποικοδομει εποικοδομεί ἐποικοδομεῖ εποικοδομηθεντες εποικοδομηθέντες ἐποικοδομηθέντες εποικοδομήσαι εποικοδομησεν ἐποικοδόμησεν εποικοδομουμενοι εποικοδομούμενοι ἐποικοδομούμενοι εποικοδομουντες εποικοδομούντες ἐποικοδομοῦντες επωκοδόμησεν epoikodomei epoikodomeî epoikodomesen epoikodomēsen epoikodómesen epoikodómēsen epoikodomethentes epoikodomethéntes epoikodomēthentes epoikodomēthéntes epoikodomoumenoi epoikodomoúmenoi epoikodomountes epoikodomoûntes
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