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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #2052 - ἐριθεία

Root Word (Etymology)
perhaps as the same as (G2042)
Parts of Speech
feminine noun
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  1. electioneering or intriguing for office
    1. apparently, in the NT a courting distinction, a desire to put one's self forward, a partisan and fractious spirit which does not disdain low arts
    2. partisanship, fractiousness
This word is found before NT times only in Aristotle where it denotesa self-seeking pursuit of political office by unfair means. (A&G)Paul exhorts to be one in the mind of Christ not putting self forwardor being selfish (Phil 2:
  • Frequency Lists
    Verse Results
    KJV (7)
    Romans 1
    2 Corinthians 1
    Galatians 1
    Philippians 2
    James 2
    NAS (11)
    Romans 2
    2 Corinthians 1
    Galatians 1
    Philippians 3
    James 4
    CSB (7)
    Romans 1
    2 Corinthians 1
    Galatians 1
    Philippians 2
    James 2
    BSB (7)
    Romans 1
    2 Corinthians 1
    Galatians 1
    Philippians 2
    James 2
    ESV (6)
    2 Corinthians 1
    Galatians 1
    Philippians 2
    James 2
    WEB (8)
    Romans 1
    2 Corinthians 1
    Galatians 2
    Philippians 2
    James 2
    Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

    ἐρῑθ-εία, ἡ,

    I labour for wages, Hsch. (pl.), Suid.


    1. canvassing for public office, intriguing, Arist. Pol. 1302b4, 1303a14 (pl.).

    2. selfish or factious ambition, ζῆλος καὶ ἐ. Ephesians 3:14; οἱ ἐξ -είας Philippians 1:17; pl., intrigues, party squabbles, Galatians 5:20.

    Thayer's Expanded Definition

    ἐριθεία (not ἐριθεία, cf. Winers Grammar, § 6, 1 g.; (Chandler § 99)) (ἐριθια WH; see Iota and Tdf. Proleg., p. 88), ἐριθείας, (ἐριθεύω to spin wool, work in wool, Heliodorus 1, 5; middle in the same sense, Tobit 2:11; used of those who electioneer for office, courting popular applause by trickery and low arts, Aristotle, polit. 5, 3; the verb is derived from ἔριθος working for hire, a hireling; from the Maced. age down, a spinner or weaver, a worker in wool, Isaiah 38:12 the Sept.; a mean, sordid fellow), electioneering or intriguing for office, Aristotle, pol. 5, 2 and 3 (pp. 1302b, 4 and 1303a, 14); hence, apparently, in the N. T. "a courting distinction, a desire to put oneself forward, a partisan and factious spirit which does not disdain low arts; partisanship, factiousness": James 3:14, 16; κατ' ἐριθείαν, Philippians 2:3; Ignatius ad Philadelph. § 8 [ET]; οἱ ἐξ ἐριθείας (see ἐκ, II. 7), Philippians 1:16 () (yet see ἐκ, II. 12 b.); equivalent to contending against God, Romans 2:8 (yet cf. Meyer (edited by Weiss) at the passage); in the plural αἱ ἐριθείαι (Winers Grammar, § 27, 3; Buttmann, § 123, 2): 2 Corinthians 12:20; Galatians 5:20. See the very full and learned discussion of the word by Fritzsche in his Commentary on Romans, i., p. 143f; (of which a summary is given by Ellicott on Galatians 5:20. See further on its derivation, Lobeck, Path. Proleg., p. 365; cf. Winer's Grammar, 94 (89)).

    Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
    Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
    All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
    Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

    ** ἐριθία ,

    (T, cl., -εία ), -ας , ,

    [in Sm.: Ezekiel 23:11*;]

    (on the origin and history of the word, v. Hort, Ja., 81 fly.; Ellic. on Galatians 5:20; Cremer, 262),

    ambition, self-seeking, rivalry: James 3:14; James 3:16; κατ᾿ ἐριθίαν , Philippians 2:3; οἱ ἐξ ἐ ., Romans 2:8, Philippians 1:17; pl. (Bl., § 32, 6; WM, 220; Swete, Mk., 153), 2 Corinthians 12:20, Galatians 5:20.†

    Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
    Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
    Vocabulary of the Greek NT

    For the spelling see WH Notes.2, p. 160. The original meaning of the verb ἐριθεύομαι, ";work for hire,"; as in LXX Tobit 2:11, may be illustrated from ἔριθος in P Hib I. 121.34 (B.C. 251–0) ἐρίθοις ἐρίω ̣ν, ";wool-weavers,"; and from the compound συνέριθος, ";fellow-worker,"; in a Magdola papyrus of B.C. 216 re-edited by Reinach in Mél. Nicole, p. 451 ff.—.3 τῆι συνερίθωι μου προσνοήσας, ";s’étant concerté avec ma compagne d’atelier,"; while the derived sense of intriguing for office appears in ἀνερίθευτος, ";unmoved by party spirit,"; in Syll 117.45 (B.C. 303) if the restoration is correct—()[ποδεῖξαι δὲ ἑκατέρους ] νομογράφους τρεῖς μὴ νεωτέρους ἐτῶν τεσσεράκοντα [ὄντας ἀνεριθεύτ ]ους. The meaning of ";selfish"; rather than ";factious"; ambition perhaps suits best all the NT occurrences of ἐριθεία : cf. Kennedy’s note ad Philippians 1:16 in EGT.



    The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
    Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
    Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
    List of Word Forms
    ερίθεια ἐριθεία εριθείαι ερίθειαι ἐριθείαι ερίθειαν ἐριθείαν εριθείας ἐριθείας εριθια ἐριθία εριθιαι ἐριθίαι εριθιαν ἐριθίαν εριθιας ἐριθίας ερίθου ερικτά eritheia eritheía eritheiai eritheíai eritheian eritheían eritheias eritheías
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