the Week of Proper 3 / Ordinary 8
Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary Greek Lexicon
Strong's #2052 - ἐριθεία
- electioneering or intriguing for office
- apparently, in the NT a courting distinction, a desire to put one's self forward, a partisan and fractious spirit which does not disdain low arts
- partisanship, fractiousness
I labour for wages, Hsch. (pl.), Suid.
1. canvassing for public office, intriguing, Arist. Pol. 1302b4, 1303a14 (pl.).
2. selfish or factious ambition, ζῆλος καὶ ἐ. Ephesians 3:14; οἱ ἐξ -είας Philippians 1:17; pl., intrigues, party squabbles, Galatians 5:20.
ἐριθεία (not ἐριθεία, cf. Winers Grammar, § 6, 1 g.; (Chandler § 99)) (ἐριθια WH; see Iota and Tdf. Proleg., p. 88), ἐριθείας, ἡ (ἐριθεύω to spin wool, work in wool, Heliodorus 1, 5; middle in the same sense, Tobit 2:11; used of those who electioneer for office, courting popular applause by trickery and low arts, Aristotle, polit. 5, 3; the verb is derived from ἔριθος working for hire, a hireling; from the Maced. age down, a spinner or weaver, a worker in wool, Isaiah 38:12 the Sept.; a mean, sordid fellow), electioneering or intriguing for office, Aristotle, pol. 5, 2 and 3 (pp. 1302b, 4 and 1303a, 14); hence, apparently, in the N. T. "a courting distinction, a desire to put oneself forward, a partisan and factious spirit which does not disdain low arts; partisanship, factiousness": James 3:14, 16; κατ' ἐριθείαν, Philippians 2:3; Ignatius ad Philadelph. § 8 [ET]; οἱ ἐξ ἐριθείας (see ἐκ, II. 7), Philippians 1:16 (
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** ἐριθία ,
(T, cl., -εία ), -ας , ἡ ,
[in Sm.: Ezekiel 23:11*;]
(on the origin and history of the word, v. Hort, Ja., 81 fly.; Ellic. on Galatians 5:20; Cremer, 262),
ambition, self-seeking, rivalry: James 3:14; James 3:16; κατ᾿ ἐριθίαν , Philippians 2:3; οἱ ἐξ ἐ ., Romans 2:8, Philippians 1:17; pl. (Bl., § 32, 6; WM, 220; Swete, Mk., 153), 2 Corinthians 12:20, Galatians 5:20.†
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
For the spelling see WH Notes.2, p. 160. The original meaning of the verb ἐριθεύομαι, ";work for hire,"; as in LXX Tobit 2:11, may be illustrated from ἔριθος in P Hib I. 121.34 (B.C. 251–0) ἐρίθοις ἐρίω ̣ν, ";wool-weavers,"; and from the compound συνέριθος, ";fellow-worker,"; in a Magdola papyrus of B.C. 216 re-edited by Reinach in Mél. Nicole, p. 451 ff.—.3 τῆι συνερίθωι μου προσνοήσας, ";s’étant concerté avec ma compagne d’atelier,"; while the derived sense of intriguing for office appears in ἀνερίθευτος, ";unmoved by party spirit,"; in Syll 117.45 (B.C. 303) if the restoration is correct—(ἀ)[ποδεῖξαι δὲ ἑκατέρους ] νομογράφους τρεῖς μὴ νεωτέρους ἐτῶν τεσσεράκοντα [ὄντας ἀνεριθεύτ ]ους. The meaning of ";selfish"; rather than ";factious"; ambition perhaps suits best all the NT occurrences of ἐριθεία : cf. Kennedy’s note ad Philippians 1:16 in EGT.
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Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org.
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