Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Strong's #2068 - ἐσθίω

Transliteration
esthíō
Phonetics
es-thee'-o
Origin
strengthened for a primary edo (to eat)
Parts of Speech
TDNT
used only in certain tenses, t
Definition
Thayer's
  1. to eat
  2. to eat (consume) a thing
    1. to take food, eat a meal
  3. metaph. to devour, consume
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 398 ‑ אָכַל (aw‑kal');  1262 ‑ בָּרָה (baw‑raw');  3243 ‑ יָנַק (yaw‑nak');  5307 ‑ נָפַל (naw‑fal');  5375 ‑ נָסָה (naw‑saw', naw‑saw');  5582 ‑ סָעַד (saw‑ad');  8082 ‑ שָׁמֵן (shaw‑mane');  
Frequency Lists  
  1. Book
  2. Word
  3. Parsing
KJV (66)
Matthew
11
Mark
11
Luke
12
Acts
1
Romans
11
1 Corinthians
17
2 Thessalonians
2
Hebrews
1
NAS (158)
Matthew
24
Mark
27
Luke
32
John
15
Acts
7
Romans
14
1 Corinthians
27
2 Thessalonians
3
Hebrews
2
James
1
Revelation
6
HCS (65)
Matthew
11
Mark
11
Luke
12
Acts
1
Romans
10
1 Corinthians
17
2 Thessalonians
2
Hebrews
1
BSB (65)
Matthew
11
Mark
11
Luke
12
Acts
1
Romans
10
1 Corinthians
17
2 Thessalonians
2
Hebrews
1
ESV (57)
Matthew
10
Mark
9
Luke
12
Acts
1
Romans
5
1 Corinthians
17
2 Thessalonians
2
Hebrews
1
WEB (68)
Matthew
13
Mark
11
Luke
12
Acts
1
Romans
10
1 Corinthians
17
2 Thessalonians
2
Hebrews
2
Verse Results
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

ἐσθίω

(cf. ἔσθω, ἔδω, the latter of which is the radic. form, and supplies fut. and pf. of ἐσθίω), impf. ἤσθιον Hes. Op. 147: fut. ἔδομαι (old pres. subj. of non-thematic stem) Il. 4.237, Ar. Pax 1357 (lyr.), etc.; ἐδοῦμαι late, (προκατ-) Luc. Hes. 7, etc.: pf. ἐδήδοκα Ar. Eq. 362, X. An. 4.8.20; opt. ἐδηδοκοίη Cratin. 320; part. ἐδηδώς, -υῖα, Il. 17.542, h.Merc. 560: plpf. ἐδηδόκειν Luc. Gall. 4 (v.l.): Med., aor. 1 ἠδεσάμην (κατ-) Gal. 5.752: Pass., ἐσθίομαι Od. 4.318, Thphr. HP 1.12.4, Luc. Cyn. 11, etc.: aor. 1 ἠδέσθην v.l. in Hp. Vict. 2.54, Arist. Pr. 908a29, (ἀπ-, κατ-) Pl.Com. 138, 35: pf. ἐδήδεσμαι (κατ-) Pl. Phd. 110e, ἐδήδεμαι (ἀπ-) Arist. HA 591a5 (v.l.); sg. ἐδήδοται Od. 22.56.

1. The aor. 2 and later also the fut. are supplied by φαγ- (v. φαγεῖν); in Ion. and Hellenistic Greek the pf. is βέβρωκα βέβρωμαι, aor. Pass. ἐβρώθην; in late Greek the pres. is τρώγω: — eat, ἐσθιέμεν καὶ πινέμεν Od. 2.305, 21.69; τὰ ἐσθίοντα ἐν στρατιᾷ the ration-strength, X. Cyr. 1.6.17: usu. c. acc., κρέα ἤσθιον Od. 20.348, cf. S. Fr. 671 (from a satyric drama), E. Cyc. 233: c. gen., ἐ. τινός eat of.., X. HG 3.3.6, etc.; of animals, devour, ἤσθιε δ' ὥς τε λέων ὀρεσίτροφος Od. 9.292; χρόα γῦπες ἔδονται Il. 4.237, cf. Hes. Th. 524, 773, Semon. 9, etc.; consume, βίοτον καὶ κτήματ' ἔδονται Od. 2.123: Pass., ἐσθίεταί μοι οἶκος my house is eaten up, I am eaten out of house and home, 4.318; ὅσσα τοι ἐκπέποται καὶ ἐδήδοται 22.56.

2. metaph., πάντας πῦρ ἐσθίει the fire devours all, Il. 23.182; of an eating sore, A. Fr. 253: Pass., ὀδόντες ἐσθιόμενοι decayed teeth, Thphr. Char. 19.3; ἐσθιόμενα eroded parts of the bowel, Hp. Epid. 4.20.

3. fret, vex, ἐ. ἑαυτόν Ar. V. 287 (lyr.); ἐ. τὴν χελύνην ὑπ' ὀργῆς to bite the lip, ib. 1083; ἐ. καρδίαν Pythag. ap. Plu. 2.12e.

4. take in one's mouth, γλῶτταν αὐλοῦ Philostr. Im. 1.20.

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

ἐσθίω ,

and (poët. and late prose) ἔσθω ,

[in LXX chiefly for H398;]

to eat;

(a) absol.: Matthew 14:20-21, Mark 6:31, John 4:31, al.; ἐν τ . φαγεῖν (on this aor. form, v. M, Pr., 111), 1 Corinthians 11:21; διδόναι φαγεῖν , c. dat. pers., Mark 5:43, al.; . καὶ πίνειν , Matthew 6:25; Matthew 6:31 Luke 10:7, al.; of ordinary use of food and drink, 1 Corinthians 9:4; 1 Corinthians 11:22; of partaking of food at table, Mark 2:16, Luke 5:30, al.; opp. to fasting, Matthew 11:18, Luke 5:33, al.; of revelling, Matthew 24:49, Luke 12:45;

(b) c. acc rei: Matthew 6:25, Mark 1:6, John 6:31, Romans 14:2, al.; ἄρτον (Heb. לֶחֶם H398) Matthew 15:2, Mark 3:20, al.; τὸν ἑαυτοῦ ἄ ., 2 Thessalonians 3:12; . seq. παρά , c. gen. pers., 2 Thessalonians 3:8; τά seq. id., Luke 10:7; τ . πάσχα , Matthew 26:17, Mark 14:12, al; τ . κυριακὸν δεῖπνον , 1 Corinthians 11:20; τ . θυσίας , 1 Corinthians 10:18; seq. ἐκ (= cl. part. gen.), John 6:26; John 6:50-51, 1 Corinthians 11:28; ἀπό (cf. Heb. H8082 H398), Matthew 15:27, Mark 7:28; metaph., to devour, consume: Hebrews 10:27, James 5:3, Revelation 17:16 (cf. κατ -, συν -εσθίω ).

Φάγομαι ,,

Hellenistic for cl. ἔδομαι , see ἐσθίω .


Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

P Giss I. 80.6 (ii/A.D.) τὰ [π ]εριστερίδι [α καὶ ὀ ]ρνυθάρια, ἃ οὐκ ἤωθα ἐσθεῖν (l. ἐσθίειν), πέμ [ψον. . ., ib..10 ὅσα ποτὲ οὐκ ἔφαγον παρὰ σοῦ ἀφοσεστια (l. ἀφέστια ?), P Oxy IX. 1185.10 (c. A.D. 200) παῖδα τὸν μεικρὸν δεῖ ἄρτον ἐσθίειν, and ib. X. 1297.10 (iv/A.D.) προ ̣ . ε ̣ινάριον ἐλαίου, ̣νικαλύψαι (l. ἀνα –) αὐτὸν καὶ φάγα ̣ι, ";a . . . of oil for you to uncover and eat";—so the editors, who for the form φάγαι compare P Tor I. 1v. 27 (B.C. 117) μετῆλθαι, BGU I. 250.8 (time of Hadrian) ἐπενέγκαι. See also Syll 807.13 (after A.D. 138) ἆραι κόκκους στροβίλου καὶ φαγεῖν μετὰ μέλιτος ἐπὶ τρεῖς ἡμέρας. On the constative force of φαγεῖν as distinguished from the durative ἐσθίειν cf. Proleg. p. 111, and for φάγομαι as an Hellenistic mixture of ἔδομαι and ἔφαγον cf. ib. p. 184 n.3. MGr φαγί, ";eating,"; ";repast."; Thumb (Hellenismus, p. 128 n..2) doubts the necessity of finding a Hebraism in ἐσθίειν ἀπό (Mark 7:28). See s.v. τρώγω.

 

The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
έδεσθαι έδεσθε έδεται έδονται έσθεται εσθητε έσθητε ἔσθητε εσθιει εσθίει ἐσθίει εσθιειν εσθίειν ἐσθίειν εσθίεις εσθιετε εσθίετε ἐσθίετε εσθιετω εσθιέτω ἐσθιέτω εσθιέτωσαν εσθιη εσθίη ἐσθίῃ εσθιητε εσθίητε ἐσθίητε εσθιόμενα εσθίον εσθιοντα εσθίοντα ἐσθίοντα εσθίονται εσθίοντας εσθιοντες εσθίοντες εσθίοντές ἐσθίοντες εσθιοντι εσθίοντι ἐσθίοντι εσθίοντος εσθιοντων εσθιόντων ἐσθιόντων εσθίουσαι εσθίουσι εσθιουσιν εσθίουσιν ἐσθίουσιν εσθιων εσθίων έσθιων ἐσθίων εσθιωσιν εσθίωσιν ἐσθίωσιν έσθοντες έσθοντος έσθουσαν έσθων έφαγε έφαγεν έφαγες εφάγετε εφάγομεν έφαγον ήσθιε ήσθιεν ησθίετε ησθίομεν ησθιον ήσθιον ἤσθιον φάγε φαγείν φαγεσαι φάγεσαι φάγεσθε φάγεται φάγετε φαγέτω φαγέτωσαν φαγή φάγη φάγης φάγητε φάγοι φάγοισαν φαγόμαι φάγομαι φαγόμεθα φάγονται φαγόντες φαγόντος φάγω φάγωμεν φαγών φάγωσι φάγωσιν esthete esthēte ésthete ésthēte esthie esthiē esthiei esthíei esthíēi esthiein esthíein esthiete esthiēte esthíete esthíēte esthieto esthietō esthiéto esthiétō esthion esthiōn esthíon esthíōn ēsthion ḗsthion esthionta esthíonta esthiontes esthíontes esthionti esthíonti esthionton esthiontōn esthiónton esthióntōn esthiosin esthiōsin esthíosin esthíōsin esthiousin esthíousin
Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org. Copyright 1999-2021. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.
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