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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #2068 - ἐσθίω

Root Word (Etymology)
strengthened for a primary edo (to eat)
Parts of Speech
used only in certain tenses, t
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  1. to eat
  2. to eat (consume) a thing
    1. to take food, eat a meal
  3. metaph. to devour, consume
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 398 ‑ אָכַל (aw‑kal');  1262 ‑ בָּרָה (baw‑raw');  3243 ‑ יָנַק (yaw‑nak');  5307 ‑ נָפַל (naw‑fal');  5375 ‑ נָסָה (naw‑saw', naw‑saw');  5582 ‑ סָעַד (saw‑ad');  8082 ‑ שָׁמֵן (shaw‑mane');  
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (66)
Matthew 11
Mark 11
Luke 12
Acts 1
Romans 11
1 Corinthians 17
2 Thessalonians 2
Hebrews 1
NAS (158)
Matthew 24
Mark 27
Luke 32
John 15
Acts 7
Romans 14
1 Corinthians 27
2 Thessalonians 3
Hebrews 2
James 1
Revelation 6
CSB (65)
Matthew 11
Mark 11
Luke 12
Acts 1
Romans 10
1 Corinthians 17
2 Thessalonians 2
Hebrews 1
BSB (65)
Matthew 11
Mark 11
Luke 12
Acts 1
Romans 10
1 Corinthians 17
2 Thessalonians 2
Hebrews 1
ESV (57)
Matthew 10
Mark 9
Luke 12
Acts 1
Romans 5
1 Corinthians 17
2 Thessalonians 2
Hebrews 1
WEB (68)
Matthew 13
Mark 11
Luke 12
Acts 1
Romans 10
1 Corinthians 17
2 Thessalonians 2
Hebrews 2
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions


(cf. ἔσθω, ἔδω, the latter of which is the radic. form, and supplies fut. and pf. of ἐσθίω), impf. ἤσθιον Hes. Op. 147: fut. ἔδομαι (old pres. subj. of non-thematic stem) Il. 4.237, Ar. Pax 1357 (lyr.), etc.; ἐδοῦμαι late, (προκατ-) Luc. Hes. 7, etc.: pf. ἐδήδοκα Ar. Eq. 362, X. An. 4.8.20; opt. ἐδηδοκοίη Cratin. 320; part. ἐδηδώς, -υῖα, Il. 17.542, h.Merc. 560: plpf. ἐδηδόκειν Luc. Gall. 4 (v.l.): Med., aor. 1 ἠδεσάμην (κατ-) Gal. 5.752: Pass., ἐσθίομαι Od. 4.318, Thphr. HP 1.12.4, Luc. Cyn. 11, etc.: aor. 1 ἠδέσθην v.l. in Hp. Vict. 2.54, Arist. Pr. 908a29, (ἀπ-, κατ-) Pl.Com. 138, 35: pf. ἐδήδεσμαι (κατ-) Pl. Phd. 110e, ἐδήδεμαι (ἀπ-) Arist. HA 591a5 (v.l.); sg. ἐδήδοται Od. 22.56.

1. The aor. 2 and later also the fut. are supplied by φαγ- (v. φαγεῖν); in Ion. and Hellenistic Greek the pf. is βέβρωκα βέβρωμαι, aor. Pass. ἐβρώθην; in late Greek the pres. is τρώγω: — eat, ἐσθιέμεν καὶ πινέμεν Od. 2.305, 21.69; τὰ ἐσθίοντα ἐν στρατιᾷ the ration-strength, X. Cyr. 1.6.17: usu. c. acc., κρέα ἤσθιον Od. 20.348, cf. S. Fr. 671 (from a satyric drama), E. Cyc. 233: c. gen., ἐ. τινός eat of.., X. HG 3.3.6, etc.; of animals, devour, ἤσθιε δ' ὥς τε λέων ὀρεσίτροφος Od. 9.292; χρόα γῦπες ἔδονται Il. 4.237, cf. Hes. Th. 524, 773, Semon. 9, etc.; consume, βίοτον καὶ κτήματ' ἔδονται Od. 2.123: Pass., ἐσθίεταί μοι οἶκος my house is eaten up, I am eaten out of house and home, 4.318; ὅσσα τοι ἐκπέποται καὶ ἐδήδοται 22.56.

2. metaph., πάντας πῦρ ἐσθίει the fire devours all, Il. 23.182; of an eating sore, A. Fr. 253: Pass., ὀδόντες ἐσθιόμενοι decayed teeth, Thphr. Char. 19.3; ἐσθιόμενα eroded parts of the bowel, Hp. Epid. 4.20.

3. fret, vex, ἐ. ἑαυτόν Ar. V. 287 (lyr.); ἐ. τὴν χελύνην ὑπ' ὀργῆς to bite the lip, ib. 1083; ἐ. καρδίαν Pythag. ap. Plu. 2.12e.

4. take in one's mouth, γλῶτταν αὐλοῦ Philostr. Im. 1.20.

Thayer's Expanded Definition

ἐσθίω and ἔσθω, which see (lengthened forms of ἔδω (cf. Curtius, Das Verbum, ii., p. 429)); imperfect ἤσθιον; 2 aorist ἔφαγον (from ΦΑΓΩ); future φάγομαι (2 person φάγεσαι, Luke 17:8 (references under the word κατακαυχάομαι, at the beginning)), for the classic ἔδομαι, see Alexander Buttmann (1873) Ausf. Spr. ii, p. 185; Kühner, i., p. 824; (Winers Grammar, 89 (85); Buttmann, 58 (51); but especially Veitch, under the word); the Sept. for אָכַל; (from Homer down); to eat; Vulg. manduco, (edo, etc.); (of animals, to devour);

a. absolutely: Matthew 14:20; Matthew 15:37, 38; Matthew 26:26; Mark 6:31; Mark 8:8; John 4:31, and often; ἐν τῷ φαγεῖν, in eating (the supper), 1 Corinthians 11:21; διδόναι τίνι φαγεῖν, to give one (something) to eat, Matthew 14:16; Matthew 25:35, 42; Mark 5:43; Mark 6:37; Luke 9:13 (and with addition of an accusative of the thing to be eaten, John 6:31, 52; ἐκ τίνος, Revelation 2:7; (cf. Winer's Grammar, 198f (187f))); φέρειν τίνι φαγεῖν, to bring one (something) to eat, John 4:33; specifically in opposition to abstinence from certain kinds of food, Romans 14:3, 20; ἐσθίειν καί πίνειν (and φαγεῖν καί πιεῖν), to use food and drink to satisfy one's hunger and thirst, 1 Corinthians 11:22; contextually, to be supported at the expense of others, 1 Corinthians 9:4; not to shun choice food and in a word to be rather a free-liver, opposed to the narrow and scrupulous notions of those who abstain from the use of wine and certain kinds of food, Matthew 11:19; Luke 7:34; opposed to fasting (τό νηστεύειν), Luke 5:33; of those who, careless about other and especially graver matters, lead an easy, merry life, Luke 12:19; Luke 17:27; 1 Corinthians 15:32 (Isaiah 22:13); of the jovial use of a sacrificial feast, 1 Corinthians 10:7 from Exodus 32:6; preceded by a negative, to abstain from all nourishment, Acts 23:12, 21; to use a spare diet, spoken of an ascetic mode of life, Matthew 11:18; of fasting, Acts 9:9; ἐσθίειν (καί πίνειν) μετά τίνος, to dine, feast (in company) with one, Matthew 9:11; Mark 2:16; Luke 5:30; with one (he providing the entertainment), i. e. at his house, Luke 7:36; μετά τῶν μεθυόντων etc., of luxurious revelling, Matthew 24:49; Luke 12:45; ἐπί τραπέζης τοῦ Χριστοῦ, the food and drink spread out on Christ's table, i. e. to enjoy the blessings of the salvation procured by Christ (which is likened to a banquet), Luke 22:30; ἐσθίειν τίνι, to one's honor, Romans 14:6.

b. construed with an accusative of the thing, to eat (consume) a thing (Winer's Grammar, 198 (187) note): Matthew 6:25; Mark 1:6; John 4:32; John 6:31; Romans 14:2; 1 Corinthians 8:13; 1 Corinthians 10:25, etc.; ἄρτον, to take food, eat a meal (after the Hebrew לֶחֶם אָכַל, Genesis 43:25; Exodus 2:20; 1 Samuel 20:24; Proverbs 23:7), Matthew 15:2; Mark 3:20; Luke 14:1, 15; τόν ἑαυτοῦ ἄρτον, obtained by his own labor, 2 Thessalonians 3:12; ἄρτον παρά τίνος (the genitive of person) to be supported by one, 2 Thessalonians 3:8; τά παρά τίνος, the things supplied by one, Luke 10:7, equivalent to τά παρατιθέμενα in Luke 10:8 (cf. Winer's Grammar, 366 (343)); 1 Corinthians 10:27; μή ἐσθίων ἄρτον μήτε πίνων οἶνον, to live frugally, Luke 7:33; τό κυριακόν δεῖπνον φαγεῖν, to celebrate the Lord's supper, 1 Corinthians 11:20; τό πάσχα, to eat the paschal lamb, celebrate the paschal supper, Matthew 26:17; Mark 14:12, 14; Luke 22:8, 11, 15, 16 L T Tr WH; John 18:28; τάς θυσίας, to celebrate the sacrificial feasts, said of Jews, 1 Corinthians 10:18; of animals, in Luke 15:16 (where ὧν stands by attraction for , because ἐσθίειν with a simple genitive of thing is nowhere found in the N. T. (Winers Grammar, 198 (187) note)) by a usage hardly to be met with in classical Greek (Winers Grammar, § 28, 1; (Buttmann, 159 (139))), ἐκ τίνος, to (take and) eat of a thing: Luke 22:16 (R G); John 6:26, 50; 1 Corinthians 11:28; on the other hand, ἐκ τοῦ καρποῦ (L T Tr WH τόν καρπόν), ἐκ τοῦ γάλακτος ἐσθίειν, in 1 Corinthians 9:7, is to support oneself by the sale of the fruit and the milk (but cf. Buttmann, as above, and Meyer at the passage). ἐκ with the genitive of place: ἐκ τοῦ ἱεροῦ, draw their support from the temple, i. e. from the sacrifices and offerings, 1 Corinthians 9:13 (but T Tr WH read τά ἐκ τοῦ ἱεροῦ); also ἐκ θυσιαστηρίου, i. e. from the things laid on the altar, Hebrews 13:10 (Winer's Grammar, 366 (344)). by a Hebraism (מִן אָכַל), ἀπό τίνος (cf. Winer's Grammar, 199 (187)): Matthew 15:27; Mark 7:28. Metaphorically, to devour, consume: τινα, Hebrews 10:27; τί, Revelation 17:16; of rust, James 5:3. (Compare: κατεσθίω, συνεσθίω.)

STRONGS NT 2068: ἔσθω ἔσθω, equivalent to ἐσθίω, a poetic form in use from Homer down, very rare in prose writings; from it are extant in the N. T. the participle ἔσθων in Mark 1:6 T Tr WH; (Luke 10:7 L T Tr WH); Luke 7:33 L Tr WH, (also 34 WH); the present subjunctive 2 person plural ἔσθητε in Luke 22:30 L T Tr WH; (cf. κατεσθίω). It occurs several times in the Sept., as Leviticus 17:10; Judges 14:9 (Alex.); Isaiah 9:20; Sir. 20:16; ἔσθετε, Leviticus 19:26. Cf. (Tdf. Proleg., p. 81); Buttmann, 58 (51).

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
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Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

ἐσθίω ,

and (poët. and late prose) ἔσθω ,

[in LXX chiefly for H398;]

to eat;

(a) absol.: Matthew 14:20-21, Mark 6:31, John 4:31, al.; ἐν τ . φαγεῖν (on this aor. form, v. M, Pr., 111), 1 Corinthians 11:21; διδόναι φαγεῖν , c. dat. pers., Mark 5:43, al.; . καὶ πίνειν , Matthew 6:25; Matthew 6:31 Luke 10:7, al.; of ordinary use of food and drink, 1 Corinthians 9:4; 1 Corinthians 11:22; of partaking of food at table, Mark 2:16, Luke 5:30, al.; opp. to fasting, Matthew 11:18, Luke 5:33, al.; of revelling, Matthew 24:49, Luke 12:45;

(b) c. acc rei: Matthew 6:25, Mark 1:6, John 6:31, Romans 14:2, al.; ἄρτον (Heb. לֶחֶם H398) Matthew 15:2, Mark 3:20, al.; τὸν ἑαυτοῦ ἄ ., 2 Thessalonians 3:12; . seq. παρά , c. gen. pers., 2 Thessalonians 3:8; τά seq. id., Luke 10:7; τ . πάσχα , Matthew 26:17, Mark 14:12, al; τ . κυριακὸν δεῖπνον , 1 Corinthians 11:20; τ . θυσίας , 1 Corinthians 10:18; seq. ἐκ (= cl. part. gen.), John 6:26; John 6:50-51, 1 Corinthians 11:28; ἀπό (cf. Heb. H8082 H398), Matthew 15:27, Mark 7:28; metaph., to devour, consume: Hebrews 10:27, James 5:3, Revelation 17:16 (cf. κατ -, συν -εσθίω ).

Φάγομαι ,,

Hellenistic for cl. ἔδομαι , see ἐσθίω .

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

P Giss I. 80.6 (ii/A.D.) τὰ [π ]εριστερίδι [α καὶ ὀ ]ρνυθάρια, ἃ οὐκ ἤωθα ἐσθεῖν (l. ἐσθίειν), πέμ [ψον. . ., ib..10 ὅσα ποτὲ οὐκ ἔφαγον παρὰ σοῦ ἀφοσεστια (l. ἀφέστια ?), P Oxy IX. 1185.10 (c. A.D. 200) παῖδα τὸν μεικρὸν δεῖ ἄρτον ἐσθίειν, and ib. X. 1297.10 (iv/A.D.) προ ̣ . ε ̣ινάριον ἐλαίου, ̣νικαλύψαι (l. ἀνα –) αὐτὸν καὶ φάγα ̣ι, ";a . . . of oil for you to uncover and eat";—so the editors, who for the form φάγαι compare P Tor I. 1v. 27 (B.C. 117) μετῆλθαι, BGU I. 250.8 (time of Hadrian) ἐπενέγκαι. See also Syll 807.13 (after A.D. 138) ἆραι κόκκους στροβίλου καὶ φαγεῖν μετὰ μέλιτος ἐπὶ τρεῖς ἡμέρας. On the constative force of φαγεῖν as distinguished from the durative ἐσθίειν cf. Proleg. p. 111, and for φάγομαι as an Hellenistic mixture of ἔδομαι and ἔφαγον cf. ib. p. 184 n.3. MGr φαγί, ";eating,"; ";repast."; Thumb (Hellenismus, p. 128 n..2) doubts the necessity of finding a Hebraism in ἐσθίειν ἀπό (Mark 7:28). See s.v. τρώγω.


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
έδεσθαι έδεσθε έδεται έδονται έσθεται εσθητε έσθητε ἔσθητε εσθιει εσθίει ἐσθίει εσθιειν εσθίειν ἐσθίειν εσθίεις εσθιετε εσθίετε ἐσθίετε εσθιετω εσθιέτω ἐσθιέτω εσθιέτωσαν εσθιη εσθίη ἐσθίῃ εσθιητε εσθίητε ἐσθίητε εσθιόμενα εσθίον εσθιοντα εσθίοντα ἐσθίοντα εσθίονται εσθίοντας εσθιοντες εσθίοντες εσθίοντές ἐσθίοντες εσθιοντι εσθίοντι ἐσθίοντι εσθίοντος εσθιοντων εσθιόντων ἐσθιόντων εσθίουσαι εσθίουσι εσθιουσιν εσθίουσιν ἐσθίουσιν εσθιων εσθίων έσθιων ἐσθίων εσθιωσιν εσθίωσιν ἐσθίωσιν έσθοντες έσθοντος έσθουσαν έσθων έφαγε έφαγεν έφαγες εφάγετε εφάγομεν έφαγον ήσθιε ήσθιεν ησθίετε ησθίομεν ησθιον ήσθιον ἤσθιον φάγε φαγείν φαγεσαι φάγεσαι φάγεσθε φάγεται φάγετε φαγέτω φαγέτωσαν φαγή φάγη φάγης φάγητε φάγοι φάγοισαν φαγόμαι φάγομαι φαγόμεθα φάγονται φαγόντες φαγόντος φάγω φάγωμεν φαγών φάγωσι φάγωσιν esthete esthēte ésthete ésthēte esthie esthiē esthiei esthíei esthíēi esthiein esthíein esthiete esthiēte esthíete esthíēte esthieto esthietō esthiéto esthiétō esthion esthiōn esthíon esthíōn ēsthion ḗsthion esthionta esthíonta esthiontes esthíontes esthionti esthíonti esthionton esthiontōn esthiónton esthióntōn esthiosin esthiōsin esthíosin esthíōsin esthiousin esthíousin
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