Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #2098 - εὐαγγέλιον
- a reward for good tidings
- good tidings
- the glad tidings of the kingdom of God soon to be set up, and subsequently also of Jesus the Messiah, the founder of this kingdom. After the death of Christ, the term comprises also the preaching of (concerning) Jesus Christ as having suffered death on the cross to procure eternal salvation for the men in the kingdom of God, but as restored to life and exalted to the right hand of God in heaven, thence to return in majesty to consummate the kingdom of God
- the glad tidings of salvation through Christ
- the proclamation of the grace of God manifest and pledged in Christ
- the gospel
- as the messianic rank of Jesus was proved by his words, his deeds, and his death, the narrative of the sayings, deeds, and death of Jesus Christ came to be called the gospel or glad tidings
I reward of good tidings, given to the messenger, εὐαγγέλιον δέ μοι ἔστω Od. 14.152; οὐ.. εὐ. τόδε τείσω ib. 166; ἀπολήψῃ τὸ εὐ. Plu. Demetr. 17: in Att. always in pl., εὐαγγέλια θύειν to make a thank-offering for good-tidings, Isoc. 7.10, Men. Pk. 415; εὐ. θύειν ἑκατὸν βοῦς τῇ θεῷ Ar. Eq. 656; ἐβουθύτει ὡς εὐ. X. HG 4.3.14; εὐαγγελίων θυσίαι Aeschin. 3.160; εὐ. στεφανοῦν, ἀναδῆσαί τινα, to crown one for good news brought, Ar. Eq. 647, Pl. 765; ἐστεφανωμένη ἐπ' εὐαγγελίοις Plu. Sert. 11, cf. Supp.Epigr. 1.362.7 (Samos, iv B.C.).
1. good tidings, good news, in pl., LXX 2 Samuel 4:10, Cic. Att. 2.3.1, 13.40.1, Inscr.Prien. 105.40 (i B.C.): sg., J. BJ 2.17.4, Luc. Asin. 26, App. BC 3.93, Sammelb. 421 (iii A.D.).
2. in Christian sense, the gospel, Galatians 1:11, etc.
εὐαγγέλιον , -ου , τό ,
[in LXX for H1309, 2 Samuel 4:10; 2 Samuel 18:22; 2 Samuel 18:25*;]
1. in cl.,
(a) a reward for good tidings (Hom.; pl., LXX, 2 Samuel 4:10);
(b) in pl., εὐ . θύειν , to make a thank-offering for good tidings (Xen., al.).
2. Later (Luc., Plut., al.), good tidings, good news; in NT of the good tidings of the kingdom of God and of salvation through Christ, the gospel: Mark 1:15, Acts 15:7, Romans 1:16, Galatians 2:2, 1 Thessalonians 2:4, al.; c. gen. obj., τ . βασιλείας , Matthew 4:23; τ . Χριστοῦ , Romans 15:19, al.; τ . κυρίου ἡμῶν Ἰησοῦ , 2 Thessalonians 1:8; τ . υἱοῦ τ . θεοῦ , Romans 1:9; τ . δόξης τ . μακαρίου θεοῦ , 1 Timothy 1:11; τ . δόξης τ . Χριστοῦ , 2 Corinthians 4:4; of the author, τ . θεοῦ , Romans 15:16, al.; of the teacher, ἡμῶν , Romans 2:16, 2 Corinthians 4:3, 1 Thessalonians 1:5, 2 Timothy 2:8; of the taught, τ . περιτομῆς , τ . ἀκροβυστίας , Galatians 2:7; ἡ ἀλήθεια τοῦ εὐ ., Galatians 2:5; Galatians 2:14 Colossians 1:5; ἡ ἐλπὶς (πίστις ) τοῦ εὐ ., Colossians 1:23, Philippians 1:27 (v. Cremer, 31 ff.; and on the later eccl. use of the word„ M, Th., 143 f.).
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
For the very rare use of this word in the singular outside the NT and early Christian literature, see the iii/A.D. pap. letter cited s.v. γνώστης ad init., and cf. Archiv v. p. 406 f. The plur. is found = ";good tidings"; in the striking calendar inscr. from Priene of date about B.C. 9 with reference to the birthday of the Emperor Augustus—ἦρξεν δὲ τῶι κόσμωι τῶν δι᾽ αὐτὸν εὐανγελί [ων ἡ γενέθλιος, ";but the birthday of the god was for the world the beginning of tidings of joy on his account"; (OGIS 458.40, Deissmann LAE, P 370 f.). For the more ordinary usage = ";sacrifices,"; ";thank-offerings,"; cf. OGIS 4.42 (iv/B.C.) εὐαγγέλια καὶ σωτήρια ἔ [θ ]υσε, Michel 1325.7 εὐαγγέλια θύσω, and the new literary instance in Menandrea p. 90.415. On the history of the word and its cognates, see Harnack Constitution and Law, p. 278 f., and Milligan Thess. p. 141 ff. MGr βαγγέλιο, ";gospel.";
Εὐάγγελος is found in the magical P Hawara 312 (possibly ii/A.D.) (= Archiv v. p. 393) which begins—Ἐξορκείζ [ω ] σ ̣ε Εὐάγγελε κατὰ τοῦ Ἀνούβι <δο > ς κτλ., where Wünsch (p. 397) notes that ";Εὐάγγελος muss ein übermenschliches, aber dem Anubis untergeordnetes Wesen sein."; For the word as a proper name see also BGU II. 583.1 (before A.D. 76), ib. III. 816.6 (iii/A.D.), al., and for a similar use of Εὐαγγελεῖος see the vi/A.D. P Iand 51.5 and P Oxy VI. 998.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
the Sixth Week after Easter