the Week of Proper 4 / Ordinary 9
Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary Greek Lexicon
Strong's #2098 - εὐαγγέλιον
- a reward for good tidings
- good tidings
- the glad tidings of the kingdom of God soon to be set up, and subsequently also of Jesus the Messiah, the founder of this kingdom. After the death of Christ, the term comprises also the preaching of (concerning) Jesus Christ as having suffered death on the cross to procure eternal salvation for the men in the kingdom of God, but as restored to life and exalted to the right hand of God in heaven, thence to return in majesty to consummate the kingdom of God
- the glad tidings of salvation through Christ
- the proclamation of the grace of God manifest and pledged in Christ
- the gospel
- as the messianic rank of Jesus was proved by his words, his deeds, and his death, the narrative of the sayings, deeds, and death of Jesus Christ came to be called the gospel or glad tidings
I reward of good tidings, given to the messenger, εὐαγγέλιον δέ μοι ἔστω Od. 14.152; οὐ.. εὐ. τόδε τείσω ib. 166; ἀπολήψῃ τὸ εὐ. Plu. Demetr. 17: in Att. always in pl., εὐαγγέλια θύειν to make a thank-offering for good-tidings, Isoc. 7.10, Men. Pk. 415; εὐ. θύειν ἑκατὸν βοῦς τῇ θεῷ Ar. Eq. 656; ἐβουθύτει ὡς εὐ. X. HG 4.3.14; εὐαγγελίων θυσίαι Aeschin. 3.160; εὐ. στεφανοῦν, ἀναδῆσαί τινα, to crown one for good news brought, Ar. Eq. 647, Pl. 765; ἐστεφανωμένη ἐπ' εὐαγγελίοις Plu. Sert. 11, cf. Supp.Epigr. 1.362.7 (Samos, iv B.C.).
1. good tidings, good news, in pl., LXX 2 Samuel 4:10, Cic. Att. 2.3.1, 13.40.1, Inscr.Prien. 105.40 (i B.C.): sg., J. BJ 2.17.4, Luc. Asin. 26, App. BC 3.93, Sammelb. 421 (iii A.D.).
2. in Christian sense, the gospel, Galatians 1:11, etc.
εὐαγγέλιον, εὐαγγελίου, τό (εὐάγγελος (cf. εὐαγγελίζω)), Hebrew בְּשׂורָה and בְּשֹׂרָה;
1. a reward for good tidings (cf. τά διδασκαλία, the fees given the διδάσκαλος), Homer, Odyssey 14, 152; Cicero, ad Att. 2, 3 and 12; 13, 40; Plutarch, Demetr. 17; Ages. 33; the Sept. 2 Samuel 4:10.
2. good tidings: Lucian, asin. 26; Appendix,
b. civ. 4, 20; Plutarch; others; plural the Sept. 2 Samuel 18:22, 25, common text; but in each place εὐαγγελία should apparently be restored, on account of 2 Samuel 18:20 ἀνήρ εὐαγγελίας. In the N. T., specifically,
a. the glad tidings of the kingdom of God soon to be set up, and subsequently also of Jesus, the Messiah, the founder of this kingdom: Mark 1:15; Mark 8:35; Mark 10:29; Mark 13:10; Mark 14:9; Mark 16:15; Matthew 26:13; with a genitive of the object added: τῆς βασιλείας, Matthew 4:23; Matthew 9:35; Matthew 24:14; Mark 1:14 R L brackets After the death of Christ the term τό εὐαγγέλιον comprises also the preaching of (concerning) Jesus Christ as having suffered death on the cross to procure eternal salvation for men in the kingdom of God, but as restored to life and exalted to the right hand of God in heaven, thence to return in majesty to consummate the kingdom of God; so that it may be more briefly defined as "the glad tidings of salvation through Christ; the proclamation of the grace of God manifested and pledged in Christ; the gospel" (A-S. god-spell (see Skeat, Etymological Dictionary, under the word)): Acts 15:7; Romans 1:16 G L T Tr WH;
b. As the Messianic rank of Jesus was proved by his words, his deeds, and his death, the narrative of the sayings, deeds, and death of Jesus Christ came to be called εὐαγγέλιον: so perhaps in Mark 1:1; for the passage may also mean, 'glad tidings concerning Jesus Christ began to be proclaimed even as it is written,' viz. by John the Baptist; cf. DeWette at the passage At length the name was given to a written narrative of the glad tidings; so in the titles of the Gospels, on which see κατά, II. 3 c. α. (On the ecclesiastical senses of the word, see Sophocles' Lexicon, under the word.)
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εὐαγγέλιον , -ου , τό ,
[in LXX for H1309, 2 Samuel 4:10; 2 Samuel 18:22; 2 Samuel 18:25*;]
1. in cl.,
(a) a reward for good tidings (Hom.; pl., LXX, 2 Samuel 4:10);
(b) in pl., εὐ . θύειν , to make a thank-offering for good tidings (Xen., al.).
2. Later (Luc., Plut., al.), good tidings, good news; in NT of the good tidings of the kingdom of God and of salvation through Christ, the gospel: Mark 1:15, Acts 15:7, Romans 1:16, Galatians 2:2, 1 Thessalonians 2:4, al.; c. gen. obj., τ . βασιλείας , Matthew 4:23; τ . Χριστοῦ , Romans 15:19, al.; τ . κυρίου ἡμῶν Ἰησοῦ , 2 Thessalonians 1:8; τ . υἱοῦ τ . θεοῦ , Romans 1:9; τ . δόξης τ . μακαρίου θεοῦ , 1 Timothy 1:11; τ . δόξης τ . Χριστοῦ , 2 Corinthians 4:4; of the author, τ . θεοῦ , Romans 15:16, al.; of the teacher, ἡμῶν , Romans 2:16, 2 Corinthians 4:3, 1 Thessalonians 1:5, 2 Timothy 2:8; of the taught, τ . περιτομῆς , τ . ἀκροβυστίας , Galatians 2:7; ἡ ἀλήθεια τοῦ εὐ ., Galatians 2:5; Galatians 2:14 Colossians 1:5; ἡ ἐλπὶς (πίστις ) τοῦ εὐ ., Colossians 1:23, Philippians 1:27 (v. Cremer, 31 ff.; and on the later eccl. use of the word„ M, Th., 143 f.).
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
For the very rare use of this word in the singular outside the NT and early Christian literature, see the iii/A.D. pap. letter cited s.v. γνώστης ad init., and cf. Archiv v. p. 406 f. The plur. is found = ";good tidings"; in the striking calendar inscr. from Priene of date about B.C. 9 with reference to the birthday of the Emperor Augustus—ἦρξεν δὲ τῶι κόσμωι τῶν δι᾽ αὐτὸν εὐανγελί [ων ἡ γενέθλιος, ";but the birthday of the god was for the world the beginning of tidings of joy on his account"; (OGIS 458.40, Deissmann LAE, P 370 f.). For the more ordinary usage = ";sacrifices,"; ";thank-offerings,"; cf. OGIS 4.42 (iv/B.C.) εὐαγγέλια καὶ σωτήρια ἔ [θ ]υσε, Michel 1325.7 εὐαγγέλια θύσω, and the new literary instance in Menandrea p. 90.415. On the history of the word and its cognates, see Harnack Constitution and Law, p. 278 f., and Milligan Thess. p. 141 ff. MGr βαγγέλιο, ";gospel.";
Εὐάγγελος is found in the magical P Hawara 312 (possibly ii/A.D.) (= Archiv v. p. 393) which begins—Ἐξορκείζ [ω ] σ ̣ε Εὐάγγελε κατὰ τοῦ Ἀνούβι <δο > ς κτλ., where Wünsch (p. 397) notes that ";Εὐάγγελος muss ein übermenschliches, aber dem Anubis untergeordnetes Wesen sein."; For the word as a proper name see also BGU II. 583.1 (before A.D. 76), ib. III. 816.6 (iii/A.D.), al., and for a similar use of Εὐαγγελεῖος see the vi/A.D. P Iand 51.5 and P Oxy VI. 998.
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Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org.
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