Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Strong's #2116 - εὐθύνω

Transliteration
euthýnō
Phonetics
yoo-thoo'-no
Origin
from (G2117)
Parts of Speech
Adverb
TDNT
None
Definition
Thayer's
  1. to make straight, level, plain
  2. to lead or guide straight, to keep straight or direct
    1. of the steersman or helmsman of a ship
    2. of a charioteer
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 3474 ‑ יָשַׁר (yaw‑shar');  5186 ‑ נָטָה (naw‑taw');  
Frequency Lists  
  1. Book
  2. Word
  3. Parsing
KJV (2)
John
1
James
1
NAS (3)
John
2
James
1
HCS (2)
John
1
James
1
BSB (2)
John
1
James
1
ESV (2)
John
1
James
1
WEB (2)
John
1
James
1
Verse Results
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

εὐθῡν-ω, (εὐθύς)

= the Homeric ἰθύνω (which is a freq. v.l., as in A. Pers. 773):

I

1. guide straight, direct, οἰωνὸν γνώμῃ στομίων ἄτερ εὐθύνων Id. Pr. 289; εὐ. ἡνίας Ar. Av. 1739 (lyr.); [ ἅρματα ] Isoc. 1.32; εὐ. δόρυ steer the bark straight, E. Cyc. 15; εὐ. πλάτην Id. Hec. 39; ὁ εὐθύνων the helmsman, Ephesians 3:4; εὐ. ἀγέλας lead or drive them, X. Cyr. 1.1.2; εὐ. χερσί manage, guide him, S. Aj. 542; εὐ. πόδα E. Heracl. 728, etc.

2. metaph., direct, govern, Κύρου δὲ παῖς.. ηὔθυνε στρατόν A. Pers. 773; πᾶσαν εὐθύνων πόλιν S. Ant. 178, cf. 1164, E. Hec. 9, Pl. Min. 320d.

3. make straight, straighten, opp. κάμπτειν, πτέρυγας Arist. IA 709b10: Pass., Id. Mete. 385b32.

II make or put straight, εὐ. δίκας σκολιάς make crooked judgements straight, Sol. 4.37; εὐ. λαοῖς δίκας Pi. P. 4.153; εὐ. οὖρον send a straight fair wind, Id. O. 13.28; εὐ. ὄλβον Id. P. 1.46; ὥσπερ ξύλον διαστρεφόμενον.. εὐ. ἀπειλαῖς καὶ πληγαῖς Pl. Prt. 325d, cf. 326e.

III

1. examine the conduct of an official, Id. Plt. 299a; εὐ. τὰς ἀρχάς Arist. Pol. 1271a6, 1274a17, al.: Pass., c. gen., - όμενος τῆς ἐφορείας Id. Rh. 1419a31.

2. c. gen. criminis, call to account for.., τινα κλοπῆς Plu. Cic. 9: Pass., τῶν ἀδικημάτων ηὐθύνθη Th. 1.95; οἱ -όμενοι the culprits, Mitteis Chr. 31 iii 10 (ii B.C.), cf. Notiz.Arch. 4.21 (Cyrene, i B.C.): c. dat., εὐ. φόνῳ PTeb. 14.4 (ii B.C.); to be mulcted, punished, ἐπί τινι D.C. Fr. 90, al.: abs., IG 12.41.6; ἑκατὸν δραχμῆσι ib.4.15, al.

3. generally, refute or censure, τοὺς λόγους τινός Phld. Piet. 67; τὴν Φιλίστου διάλεκτον Plu. Nic. 1: Pass., to be refuted, δι' αὐτῶν τῶν φαινομένων Phld. Sign. 30, cf. Plot. 3.6.13; but also, to be critically examined, Id. 4.6.13.

4. examine by torture, Procop. Goth. 3.32 (Pass). intr., serve as εὔθυνος, Pl. Lg. 946d.

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

εὐθύνω

(< εὐθύς ),

[in LXX: Numbers 22:23, Joshua 24:23 (H5186 hi.), Judges 14:7, 1 Samuel 18:20; 1 Samuel 18:26 (H3474) Proverbs 20:24, Sirach 2:2; Sirach 2:6, al.;]

1. to direct: James 3:4.

2. to make straight: John 1:23 (LXX, ἑτοιμάσατε ).†


Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

εὐθύνω is used of a magistrate who calls others to account : hence in the Pass. οἱ εὐθυνόμενοι = ";the culprits,"; e.g. P Tor I. 1iii. 10 (B.C. 117) μεταπεμψάμενον τοὺς εὐθυνομένους ἐπισκέψασθαι περὶ τούτων, P Tebt I. 14.4 (B.C. 114) εὐθυνομένωι δὲ φόνωι, ";arraigned for murder"; (where note the dat. for the usual gen. criminis), ib. 53.22 (B.C. 110) οἱ εὐθυνόμενοι ἀναζητηθ ̣[ ]ντες, ";the culprits having been searched for."; The metaph. application of the ordinary meaning ";guide straight"; may be illustrated from Vett. Val. p. 340.9 ἀγαπητὸν γὰρ εἰ. . . ἄρξαιτό τις ἑρμηνεύειν μὴ διὰ πλήθους λόγων, ἀλλὰ διὰ βραχέων εἰς ἀλήθειαν εὐθυνόντων.

 

The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
ευθύναι Ευθυνατε ευθύνατε Εὐθύνατε ευθύνεται ευθυνοντος ευθύνοντος εὐθύνοντος ηυθύνθη Euthunate euthunontos Euthynate Euthýnate euthynontos euthýnontos
Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org. Copyright 1999-2021. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.
Search for…
 or 
Choose a letter to browse:
Prev Entry
εὔθυμος
Next Entry
εὐθύς