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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #2124 - εὐλάβεια

from (G2126)
Parts of Speech
feminine noun
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  1. caution, circumspection, discretion
    1. avoidance
    2. a reasonable shunning
  2. reverence, veneration
    1. reverence toward God, godly fear, piety
  3. fear anxiety, dread
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 1674 ‑ דְּאָגָה (deh‑aw‑gaw');  
Frequency Lists
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Hebrews 1
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Hebrews 2
CSB (2)
Hebrews 2
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Hebrews 2
KJV (2)
Hebrews 2
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The Lexham English Bible
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LSB (2)
Hebrews 2
N95 (2)
Hebrews 2
NAS (3)
Hebrews 2
NLT (3)
Hebrews 4
WEB (2)
Hebrews 2
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Hebrews 2
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

εὐλάβ-εια [ λᾰ], ,

Ion. -ιη Thgn. 118, Agathoin PLG ii p.268 B.:

1. discretion, caution, Thgn. l.c., Agathol.c., etc.; ἐσῴζετ' ἂν τὴν -ειαν S. El. 994; personified in E. Ph. 782; ἡ εὐ. σῴζει πάντα Ar. Av. 376; εὐλάβειαν ἔχειν μή.., = εὐλαβεῖσθαι μή.., Pl. Prt. 321a; so εὐ. αὕτη.. τὸ μὴ νέους.. γεύεσθαι caution to preuent their tasting, Id. R. 539b; εὐλαβείας οὐ μικρᾶς δεῖται, εὐ. ἐστὶ πολλῆς, D. 19.262, Arist. Pol. 1269a14; εὐ. ποιητέον περί τινας ib. 1315a17; δι' εὐλαβείας ἔχειν ἀλλήλους D.H. 5.38; ἐπ' εὐλαβεία.. προείρηται by way of caution, Pl. R. 539d; ἐπ' εὐ. in A. Ag. 1024 is f.l. for ἐπ' ἀβλ., cf. Sch. ad loc.

2. c. gen., caution or discretion in a thing, πολλὴ εὐ. τούτων ποιητέα Antipho 3.3.11; εὐλάβειαι πληγῶν auoidance of.., Pl. Lg. 815a; τῶν αἰσχρῶν Arist. EN 1121b24; ηὑλάβεια τῶν ποιουμένων S. OC 116; εὐλάβειαν τῶνδε προυθέμην Id. El. 1334; ἡ τῶν περιεχόντων εὐ. careful employment of.., Phld. D. 3 Fr. 32.

3. reverence, piety, πρὸς or περὶ τὸ θεῖον, D.S. 13.12, Plu. Numbers 22:1-41 (but also πρός τινα Ph. 2.581): abs., godly fear, Hebrews 5:7, Hebrews 12:28; religious scruple, οὐδεμίαν εὐ. προορωμένων UPZ 42.21 (ii B.C.). astitle, ἡ σὴ εὐ. your reverence, PFlor. 73.7 (vi A.D.).

4. in bad sense, over-caution, timidity, Plu. Fab. 1, 2.432e; εὐλαβίη γὰρ ἀπειρίη Aret. CA 1.2.

Thayer's Expanded Definition

εὐλάβεια, εὐλαβείας, , "the character and conduct of one who is εὐλαβής (which see);

1. caution, circumspection, discretion: Sophocles, Euripides, Plato, Demosthenes, following; the Sept. Proverbs 28:14; joined with πρόνοια, Plutarch, Marcell. 9; used of the prudent delay of Fabius Maximus, Polybius 3, 105, 8; ἐυλαβεοα σῴζει πάντα, Aristophanes an. 377; equivalent to avoidance, πληγῶν, Plato, legg. 7, p. 815 a., et al. (in which sense Zeno the Stoic contrasts εὐλάβεια, caution, as a εὔλογος ἐκκλισις, a reasonable shunning, with φόβος, (Diogenes Laërtius 7, 116, cf. Cicero, Tusc. 4, 6, 13).

2. reverence, veneration: πρός τό θεῖον εὐλάβεια Diodorus 13, 12; Plutarch, Camill. 21; de ser. hum. vind. c. 4, and elsewhere; πρός τούς νόμους, Plutarch, Ages. 15; Θεοῦ, objec. genitive, Philo, Cherub. § 9; simply reverence toward God, godly fear, piety: Hebrews 12:28 and, in the opinion of many, also (cf. ἀπό, II. 2 b.; see below).

3. fear, anxiety, dread: Wis. 17:8; for דְּאָגָה, Joshua 22:24; Josephus, Antiquities 11, 6, 9; Plutarch, Fab. 1 (the εὐβουλία of Fabius seemed to be εὐλάβεια); so, most probably, in Hebrews 5:7 (see (above and) ἀπό, I. 3 d.), for by using this more select word the writer, skilled as he was in the Greek tongue, speaks more reverently of the Son of God than if he had used φόβος. (Synonym: see δειλία, at the end; cf. Trench, § xlviii.; Delitzsch on Hebrews 5:7.)

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

εὐλάβεια , -ας ,

(< εὐλαβής ),

[in LXX: Jeremiah 22:24 (H1674), Proverbs 28:14, Wisdom of Solomon 17:8 *;]

1. caution, discretion (Soph., Plat., al.).

2. In later Gk. (Diod., Plut., al.), also reverence, godly fear: Hebrews 5:7; Hebrews 12:28.†

** δέος , -ους , τό

(< δείδω ),

[in LXX: 2 Maccabees 3:17; 2 Maccabees 3:30; 2 Maccabees 12:22; 2 Maccabees 13:16; 2 Maccabees 15:23 *;]

fear, awe, reverence: μετὰ εὐλαβείας καὶ δ ., Hebrews 12:28.†

SYN.: δειλία G1167 (q.v.), φόβος G5401 (cf. Cremer, 387 f., 759; DB, ii, 222).

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

In P Par 26.21 (B.C. 163–2) (= Selections, p. 15) the Twins describe the Serapeum officials as—οὐδεμίαν εὐλάβειαν προορωμένων, ";paying no regard to religious scruple,"; where εὐλάβειαν has the same religious connotation as in Proverbs 28:14. (MGr = ";piety.";) For the use of the subst. as a title of respect, like our ";Your reverence,"; see P Flor I. 73.7 (A.D. 505) ὁμολογῶ ἑκουσι ̣ως καὶ αὐθαιρέτως μεμισθῶσθαι παρὰ τῆς σῆς εὐλαβε [ία ]ς ̣ κτλ.




The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
ευλάβειαν ευλαβειας ευλαβείας εὐλαβείας eulabeias eulabeías
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