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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Strong's #2193 - ἕως

Transliteration
héōs
Phonetics
heh'-oce
Origin
of uncertain affinity
Parts of Speech
Conjunction
TDNT
None
Definition
Thayer's
  1. till, until
Frequency Lists  
  1. Book
  2. Word
  3. Parsing
KJV (145)
Matthew
46
Mark
15
Luke
28
John
13
Acts
21
Romans
1
1 Corinthians
6
2 Corinthians
3
2 Thessalonians
1
1 Timothy
1
Hebrews
3
James
2
2 Peter
1
1 John
1
Revelation
3
NAS (113)
Matthew
36
Mark
12
Luke
22
John
9
Acts
16
Romans
2
1 Corinthians
5
2 Corinthians
1
2 Thessalonians
1
1 Timothy
1
Hebrews
2
James
2
2 Peter
1
1 John
1
Revelation
2
HCS (136)
Matthew
48
Mark
14
Luke
26
John
9
Acts
19
Romans
2
1 Corinthians
5
2 Corinthians
3
2 Thessalonians
1
1 Timothy
1
Hebrews
2
James
2
2 Peter
1
1 John
1
Revelation
2
BSB (147)
Matthew
49
Mark
15
Luke
28
John
11
Acts
22
Romans
2
1 Corinthians
6
2 Corinthians
3
2 Thessalonians
1
1 Timothy
1
Hebrews
3
James
2
2 Peter
1
1 John
1
Revelation
2
ESV (87)
Matthew
27
Mark
10
Luke
14
John
8
Acts
14
Romans
2
1 Corinthians
2
2 Corinthians
2
2 Thessalonians
1
1 Timothy
1
Hebrews
2
James
1
Revelation
3
WEB (145)
Matthew
46
Mark
12
Luke
28
John
13
Acts
22
Romans
2
1 Corinthians
7
2 Corinthians
3
2 Thessalonians
1
1 Timothy
1
Hebrews
3
James
2
2 Peter
1
1 John
1
Revelation
3
Verse Results
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

ἕως

(B), εἵως, ἧος (v. sub fin.), Dor. ἇς, Aeol. ἆς (qq.v.), Boeot. ἇς IG 7.3303, al., and ἅως ib.2228, 3315. Relat. Particle, expressing the point of Time up to which an action goes, with reference to the end of the action, until, till; or to its continuance, while:

I until, till,

1 with Ind., of a fact in past time, θῦνε διὰ προμάχων, ἧος φίλον ὤλεσε θυμόν Il. 11.342, cf. Od. 5.123; ἕ. ἀπώλεσέν τε καὐτὸς ἐξαπώλετο S. Fr. 236, cf. A. Pers. 428, Pl. Chrm. 155c, etc.; for πρίν, μὴ πρότερον ἀπελθεῖν ἕως ἀποκατέστησε τὰ πράγματα D.S. 27.4: with impf. with ἄν in apodosi, of an unaccomplished action, ἡδέως ἂν Καλλικλεῖ διελεγόμην, ἕ. ἀπέδωκα I would have gone on conversing till I had.., Pl. Grg. 506b, cf. Cra. 396c.

2. ἕ. ἄν or κε with Subj. (mostly of aor.), of an event at an uncertain future time, μαχήσομαι.. ἧός κε τέλος πολέμοιο κιχείω till I find, Il. 3.291, cf. 24.183, A. Pr. 810, etc.: ἄν is sts. omitted in Trag., ἕ. μάθῃς S. Aj. 555; ἕ. κληθῇ Id. Tr. 148; ἕ. ἀνῇ τὸ πῆμα Id. Ph. 764: so freq. in later Gr., UPZ 18.10 (ii B. C.), PGrenf. 2.38.16 (i B. C.), Mark 14:32, Vett. Val. 68.18, etc.; ἕ. οὗ γένηται Gem. 8.32.

3. ἕ. with Opt. (mostly of aor.), relating to an event future in relation to past time, ὦρσε.. Βορέην, ἧος ὃ Φαιήκεσσι.. μιγείη caused it to blow, till he should reach.., Od. 5.386, cf. 9.376, Ar. Ra. 766, Pl. Phd. 59d; ἕως δέοι βοηθεῖν Th. 3.102, cf. Lys. 13.25: ἄν or κε is added to the Opt. (not to ἕως), if the event is represented as conditional, ἕ. κ' ἀπὸ πάντα δοθείη till (if possible) all things should be given back, Od. 2.78; οὐκ [ἂν] ἀποκρίναιο, ἕ. ἂν σκέψαιο Pl. Phd. 101d, cf. S. Tr. 687 codd., Isoc. 17.15, IG 22.1328 (ii B.C.). in orat. obliq., ἔδωκεν.. ἕ. ἀνὴρ εἶναι δοκιμασθείην D. 27.5. by assimilation to an opt. with ἄν, [λόγον] ἂν διδοίης ἕ. ἔλθοις Pl. Phd. 101d.

4. c. subj. or opt., expressing purpose, in order that, Od. 4.800, 6.80, 19.367; πορεύου εἰς Διονυσιάδα.. ἕως τὸν ἐκεῖ ἐλαιῶνα ποτίσῃς PFay. 118.12 (ii A. D.); σπούδασον ἕως οὗ ἀγοράσῃ κτλ. POxy. 113.25 (ii A. D.); χρυσίον ἐδανισάμην ἕως ὅτε δυνηθῶ ἀγοράσαι ib. 130.13 (vi A. D.).

5. with Inf. in orat. obliq., ἐντειλάμενος διεκπλέειν ἕ... ἀπικνέεσθαι Hdt. 4.42: otherwise only in later Gr., ἕ. ἐλθεῖν ἐς.. LXX Genesis 10:19, cf. PLond. 1.131r251 (i A. D.), D.H. 9.4 (v.l.), Anon. ap. Suid.s.v. ἰλυσπώμενον.

6. with Advbs. of Time and Place, ἕ. ὅτε till the time when, c. ind., v.l. for ἔστε in X. Cyr. 5.1.25; ἕ. οὗ, f.l. for ἐς οὗ, Hdt. 2.143: freq. in later Gr., Gem.l.c., Matthew 1:25, etc.; ἕ. ὅτου ib. 5.25, etc.; ἕ. πότε; how long ? ib. 17.17, John 10:24; ἕ. τότε LXX Nehemiah 2:16; ἕ. ὀψέ till late, f.l.for ἐς ὀψέ, Th. 3.108; ἕ. ἄρτι 1 John 2:9; ἕ. ὧδε as far as this place, Luke 23:5. with Preps., of Time, ἕ. πρὸς καλὸν ἑῷον ἀστέρα AP 5.200; of Place, ἕ. εἰς τὸν χάρακα Plb. 1.11.14; ἕ. πρὸς τὸν Καύκασον D.S. 2.43; ἕ. ἐπὶ τὴν θάλασσαν Acts 17:14.

II as Pr,

1 of Time, c. gen., until, ἕως τοῦ ἀποτεῖσαι until he has made payment, Lexap. Aeschin. 1.42, cf. LXX Genesis 3:19, etc.; ἕ. τελειώσεως Epicur. Ephesians 2 p.38U.; ἕ. ὡρισμένων χρόνων Phld. D. 1.7; ἕ. τινός for a time, Parth. 9.2, etc.; ἕ. τοῦ νῦν Matthew 24:21; ἕ. Ἰωάννου ib. 11.13. of Place, ἕ. τοῦ γενέσθαι.. up to the point where.. Arist. PA 668b2, cf. HA 630b27, Plb. 9.36.1; as far as, ἕ. Σάρδεων Ath.Mitt. 44.25 (Samos, iii B.C.); ἕ. τοῦ Ἀρσινοΐτου νομοῦ PTeb. 33.5 (ii B.C.); ἕ. Φοινίκης Acts 11:19 : so c. gen. pers., ἦλθον ἕ. αὐτοῦ Luke 4:42, cf. LXX 4 Ki. 4.22. of Number or Degree, ἕ. τριῶν πλοίων Docum. ap. D. 18.106; διδόναι ἕ. ταλάντων ἑκατόν LXX 1 Esdras 8:19(21); οὐκ ἔστιν ἕ. ἑνός ib. Psalms 13:3; οὐκ ἔχομεν ἕ. τῆς τροφῆς τῶν κτηνῶν PTeb. 56.7 (ii B.C.); ἐᾶτε ἕ. τούτου Luke 22:51; μαχοῦμαι ἕ. ζωῆς καὶ θανάτου OGI 266.29 (Pergam., iii B.C.); ἕ. μέθης Corn. ND 30.

2. rarely c. acc., ἕ. πρωΐ LXX Jd. 19.25; ἕ. μεσημβρίαν PLond. 1.131r346, 515 (i A.D.); ἕ. τὸ βωμῷ down to the word "" βωμῷ "", Sch. Pi. O. 6.111.

III while, so long as, c. ind., ἧος ἐνὶ Τροίῃ πολεμίζομεν Od. 13.315, cf. 17.358, 390; ἕ. δ' ἔτ' ἔμφρων εἰμί A. Ch. 1026, cf. Pers. 710 (troch.); ἕ. ἔτι ἐλπὶς [ἦν ] Th. 8.40; ἕ. ἔτινέος εἶ Pl. Prm. 135d: in this sense answered in apodosi by τῆος, Od. 4.90, Il. 20.41; by τόφρα, Od. 12.327, Il. 18.15; by τόφρα δέ, 10.507; by δέ alone, 1.193, Od. 4.120 codd. ἕ. ἄν c. subj., when the whole action is future, οὔ μοι.. ἐλπίς, ἕ. ἂν αἴθῃ πῦρ A. Ag. 1435; λέγειν τε χρὴ καὶ ἐρωτᾶν, ἕως ἂν ἐῶσιν Pl. Phd. 85b; οὐδὲν ἔστ' αὐτῷ βεβαίως ἔχειν ἕ. ἂν ὑμεῖς δημοκρατῆσθε D. 10.13. ἕως c. opt. in a Conditional relative clause, φήσομεν μηδὲν ἂν μεῖζον μηδὲ ἔλαττον γενέσθαι ἕ. ἴσον εἴη αὐτὸ ἐαυτῷ Pl. Tht. 155a. in Hom. sts. Demonstr.,= τέως, for a time, ἧος μὲν.. ὄρνυον· αὐτὰρ ἐπεὶ.. Il. 12.141; ἧος μὲν ἀπείλει.. · ἀλλ' ὅτε δὴ.. 13.143, cf. 17.727, 730, Od. 2.148; ἧος μὲν.. ἕποντο.. αὐτὰρ ἐπεὶ.. Il. 15.277; all that time, Od. 3.126, cf. Hdt. 8.74. (ἕως, as iambus, only once in Hom., Od. 2.78; as a monosyll., Il. 17.727, dub.l. in Od. 2.148; when the first syllable is to be long codd. Hom. have εἵως or ἕως (never εἷος or ἧος, Ludwich WkP 1890.512, exc. ειος v.l. (PFay. 160) in Il. 20.41), 3.291, 11.342, al.; εἵως (or ἕως) is found even when the metre requires a trochee, 1.193, al.; comparison of Dor. ἇς (from Αος) with Att. - Ion. ἕως points to early Ion. Ηος (cf. Skt. yâvat 'as great as, as long as, until') and this should prob. be restored in Hom.; cf. τέως.)

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

ἕως ,

relative particle (Lat. donec, usgue), expressing the terminus ad quem (cf. Burton, § 321 ff.).

I. As conjunction;

1. till, until;

(a) of a fact in past time, c. indic.: Matthew 2:9, al. (Wisdom of Solomon 10:14, al);

(b) ἕως ἄν , c. subjc. aor.: Matthew 2:13; Matthew 5:18, Mark 6:10, al.; without ἄν (M. Pr., 168 f.; Lft., Notes, 115), Mark 14:32 (Burton, § 325), Luke 12:59, 2 Thessalonians 2:7, al.;

(c) c. indic. pres. (Burton, § 328; Bl., § 65, 10): Mark 6:45, John 21:22-23, 1 Timothy 4:13.

2. C. indic., as long as, while (Burton, § 327): John 9:4 (Plat., Phaedo, 89 c).

II. As an adverb (chiefly in late writers).

1. Of time, until, unto;

(a) as prep. c. gen. (Bl., § 40, 6; M, Pr., 99): τ . ἡυέρας , Matthew 26:29, Luke 1:80, Romans 11:8, al.; ὥρας , Matthew 27:45, al.; τέλους , 1 Corinthians 1:8, 2 Corinthians 1:13; τ . νῦν , Matthew 24:21, Mark 13:19 (1 Maccabees 2:33); ἐτῶν ὀγ . (Field, Notes, 49 f.), Luke 2:37; τ . ἐλθεῖν , Acts 8:40; before names and events, Matthew 1:17; Matthew 2:15, Luke 11:51, James 5:7, al.;

(b) seq. οὗ , ὅτου , with the force of a conic. (Burton, § 330; M, Pr., 91);

(1) . οὗ (Hdt., ii, 143; Plut., al.): c. indic., Matthew 1:25 (WH br., οὗ ) Matthew 13:33, al.; c. subjc. aor., Matthew 14:22, al.;

(2) . ὅτου : c. subjc., Luke 13:8; c. indic., Matthew 5:25 (until), John 9:18;

(3) c. adv. ( . ὀψέ , Thuc., iii, 108): ἄρτι , Matthew 11:12, John 2:10, 1 Corinthians 4:13, al.; πότε (M, Pr., 107), Matthew 17:17, Mark 9:19, John 10:24, al.

2. Of place, as far as, even to, unto (Arist., al.);

(a) as prep. c. gen. (v. supr.): Matthew 11:23, Luke 10:15, al.;

(b) c. adv. (Bl., § 40, 6): ἄνω , John 2:7; ἔσω , Mark 14:54; κάτω , Matthew 27:51, Mark 15:38; ὧδε , Luke 23:5;

(c) c. prep.: ἔξω , Acts 21:5; πρός , Luke 24:50 (Field, Notes, 83).

3. Of quantity, measure, etc.: Matthew 18:21, Mark 6:23, Luke 22:51, al.


Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

For ἕως as a conjunction followed by ἄν and the aor. subj., as in Matthew 2:13 al., cf. P Petr II. 40 (a).28 (iii/B.C.) ἕως ἂν ὑγιαίνοντας ὑμᾶς ἴδωμεν, P Oxy VIII. 1124.7 (A.D. 26) ]ω ̣[ς ἂν τὸ ἀ ]πότακτο [ν ] κομίσηται. Ἄν is omitted in such passages as P Grenf II. 38.16 (mid. i/B.C.) γράψον μοι περὶ τοῦ μὴ λογεύιν, ἕως καταβῆις, P Oxy III. 531.6 (ii/A.D.) ἕως ἐπ᾽ ἀγαθῷ πρὸς σὲ παραγένομαι (l.ωμαι), ib. VIII. 1125.15 (ii/A.D.) ἕως τὰ ὀφειλόμενα κομίσωνται : cf. Mark 14:32 al., and on the NT usage generally see further Blass Gr. p. 219, also Proleg. p. 168 f. In P Oxy VIII. 1159.21 (late iii/A.D.) ἔασ [ο ]ν δὲ παρ᾽ αὐτοῖς τὰ σύν [ερ ]γα ἕως πέμψω τὰ ἀναλώματα, ";leave the tools with them until I send the expenses"; (Ed.), we may perhaps have the fut. ind., as in Luke 13:35 AD, but the aor. subj. is more probable. In P Fay 118.12 (A.D. 110) πορεύου εἰς Διονυσιάδα. . ἕως τὸν ἐκῖ ἐλαιῶνα ποτίσῃς, ἕως appears to have a final force (= ὡς).

For the later prepositional usage of ἕως with gen. of place, see P Tebt I. 33.5 (B.C. 112) (= Selections, p. 30) ἀνάπλουν ἕως τοῦ Ἀρσι (νοιτου) νο (μοῦ) ἐπὶ θεωρίαν ποιούμενος, ";making the voyage as far as the Arsinoite nome to see the sights,"; and with gen. of time see BGU IV. 1128.8 (B.C. 14) ἕως τοῦ προκ (ειμένου) χρό (νου) and OGIS 90.16 (Rosetta stone—B.C. 196) ἕως τοῦ πρώτου ἔτους ἐπὶ τοῦ πατρὸς αὐτοῦ = ";usque ad primum Ptolemaei Philopatoris annum"; (Ed.) : cf. also ib. 226.29 (iii/B.C.) μαχοῦμαι [ὑπὲρ α ]ὐτοῦ καὶ —[ν ] πραγμάτων τῶν ἐκείνου ἕως ζωῆς καὶ θανά [του (cf. Mark 14:34), with the editor’s note. With ἕως τούτου in Luke 22:51, cf. P Tebt I. 56.7 (late ii/B.C.) οὐκ ἔχομεν ἕως τῆς τροφῆς τ ̣ω ̣̑ν κτηνῶν ἡμῶν, ";we have not so much as food for our cattle"; (Edd.), and with ἕως τοῦ νῦν in Matthew 24:21, cf. BGU IV. 1197.8 (B.C. 4) οἱ σοι ] π ̣ρ ̣ο ̣ς ̣ [τ ]άται ἕως τοῦ ν ̣υ ̣ͅν ̣ ̣[πὸ ] τοῦ ἐννεακαιδεκ [άτου ] ἔτους [Κα ]ίσαρος οὐκ ἔδωκαν ἡμῖν. The supposed ";Hebraism"; in ἕως πότε (Mark 9:19) is discussed by Moulton in Cambridge Biblical Essays, p. 473 f.

 

The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
εως εώς έως ἕως Εωσφόρον Εωσφόρος εωσφόρου ς eos eōs heos heōs héos héōs
Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org. Copyright 1999-2021. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.
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