the Week of Proper 4 / Ordinary 9
Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary Greek Lexicon
Strong's #2198 - ζάω
- to live, breathe, be among the living (not lifeless, not dead)
- to enjoy real life
- to have true life and worthy of the name
- active, blessed, endless in the kingdom of God
- to live i.e. pass life, in the manner of the living and acting
- of mortals or character
- living water, having vital power in itself and exerting the same upon the soul
- metaph. to be in full vigour
- to be fresh, strong, efficient,
- as adj. active, powerful, efficacious
ζάω, v. cross ζῶ.
ζῶ (contr. fr. ζώω: ζάω only in Gramm., EM 410.38), ζῇς (Choerob. in Theod. 2.28), ζῇ, ζῆτε (but ζῆς, ζῆ acc. to Anon. ap. EM 410.48, Sophronius ap. Choerob. in Theod. 2.416); imper. ζῆ S. Fr. 167, E. IT 699, ζῆθι (as if from ζῆμι, cf. EM l.c.) Pherecr. 11 D., Men. Mon. 191, AP 10.43, σύ-ζηθι Philem. ap. Et.Gen. s.v. cross ζῆ; opt. ζῴην; inf. ζῆν: impf. ἔζων S. El. 323, Ar. Ra. 1072; ἔζην in most codd. of D. 24.7 is a form suggested by ἔζης, ἔζη; 3 pl. ἔζων Ar. V. 709, Pl. Lg. 679c: fut. ζήσω Ar. Pl. 263, Pl. R. 465d, Men. Mon. 186, [ Epich. ] 267, ζήσομαι Hp. Nat.Puer. 30, D. 25.82, Arist. Pol. 1327b5: aor. 1 ἔζησα Hp. Prog. 1, AP 7.470 (Mel.), Plu. 2.786a, etc.: pf. ἔζηκα Arist. Metaph. 1048b25, D.H. 5.68, etc.: but in Att. aor. and pf. are mostly supplied from βιόω.- Exc. part. ζῶντος, Il. 1.88, Hom. always uses the Ion. Lyr. pres. ζώω (also in Pi. O. 2.25, Hdt. 7.46, al., Diog.Apoll. 4, Herod. 2.29, IG 12(8).600.9 (Thasos), and Trag. (in lyr.), S. El. 157, OC 1213, cf. BCH 47.95 (Cavalla), Bull.Soc.Arch.Bulg. 7.13 (Macedonia); subj. ζώῃ IG 12(8).262.12 (Thasos, v B.C.), cf. Schwyzer 339, al. (Delph.), contr. ζῷ Berl.Sitzb. 1927.161 (Cyrene); Cret. δώω Leg.Gort. 4.21, al.); inf. ζωέμεναι, -έμεν, Od. 7.140, 24.436: impf. ἔζωον 22.245, Hes. Op. 112, Hdt. 4.112; Ion. ζώεσκον Hes. Op. 90, Bion 1.30: aor. 1 ἔζωσα (ἐπ-) Hdt. 1.120; inf. ζῶσαι IG 11(4).1299 (Delos): pf. part. ἐζωκότα BMus.Inscr. 1009 (Cyzicus); inf. ζόειν Semon. 1.17: impf. ζόεν AP 13.21 (Theodorid.). (Root g[uglide]iç-, g[uglide]iô- also in βίος and ὑγιής (q.v.).) I prop. of animal life, live, Hom. (v. infr.), etc.; also of plants, τὸ ζῆν κοινὸν εἶναι φαίνεται καὶ τοῖς φυτοῖς Arist. EN 1097b33; ἐλέγχιστε ζωόντων vilest of living men, Od. 10.72; ζώειν καὶ ὁρᾶν φάος ἠελίοιο Il. 24.558; ζῶντος καὶ ἐπὶ χθονὶ δερκομένοιο 1.88, cf. Od. 16.439; ζῶν καὶ βλέπων A. Ag. 677; ζώει τε καὶ ἔστιν Od. 24.263; ζώντων καὶ ὄντων D. 18.72; τοῦ εἶναί τε καὶ ζῆν ἕνεκα Pl. R. 369d; ζῶσα πόλις καὶ ἐγρηγορυῖα Id. Lg. 809d; ζῶν καὶ ἔμψυχος Id. Phdr. 276a; ῥεῖα ζώοντες living at ease, of the gods, Il. 6.138, al.; ζῶν κατακαυθῆναι to be burnt alive, Hdt. 1.86: c. acc. temp., ζ. ἤματα πάντα h.Ven. 221, etc.; ὀλίγα ἔτεα Hdt. 3.22: c. dat. modi, δμῶες.. ἄλλα τε πολλὰ οἷσίν τ' εὖ ζώουσι
1. whereby men live in comfort, Od. 17.423, cf. D. 60.5; κοράκων πονηρίᾳ Ar. Th. 868; ἐπὶ τοῖς αἰσχίστοις ἔργοις, ἐπὶ τοῖς παροῦσιν ἀγαθοῖς, And. 1.100, Isoc. 10.18; also ζῆν ἀπό τινος to live on a thing, Thgn. 1156, Hdt. 1.216, 2.36, 4.22, Ar. Pax 850, etc.; ἔκ τινος Id. Ec. 591, D. 57.36, 1 Corinthians 9:14 : c. part., ζῆν συκοφαντῶν And. 1.99; ἐργαζόμενοι Arist. Pol. 1292b27: c. dat. commodi, ζῆν ἑαυτῷ for oneself, dub. l. in E. Ion 646, cf. Ar. Pl. 470, Men. 507; τὸ ζῆν,= ζωή, A. Pr. 681, Pl. Phd. 77d (without Art. εἰς ἕτερον ζ. Id. Ax. 365d); διὰ παντὸς τοῦ ζῆν Hebrews 2:15; also, a living, τὸ ζ. οὐκ ἔχομεν OGI 515.57 (Mylasa, iii A.D.); ζήτω ὁ βασιλεύς long live the king, LXX 1 Kings 10:24; βασιλεῦ, εἰς τὸν αἰῶνα ζῆθι ib. Daniel 3:9; asseverations, ζῶ ἐγώ, καὶ ζῶν τὸ ὄνομά μου, καί.. ib. Numbers 14:21; ζῇ κύριος, εἰ.., ὅτι.., ib. 1 Samuel 19:6; 1 Samuel 29:6; ζῇ ἡ ψυχή σου, εἰ οἶδα ib. 17.55.
2. = cross βιόω, live, pass one's life, c. acc. cogn., ζώεις δ' ἀγαθὸν βίον Od. 15.491; ζ. βίον μοχθηρόν S. El. 599, cf. E. Med. 249, Ar. V. 506, etc.; ζόην τὴν αὐτήν Hdt. 4.112, cf. Pl. R. 344e; τὸν βίον ἀσφαλῶς Philem. 213.5; ἥδιστον ἀνθρώπων βίον S. Fr. 583.4; νυμφίων βίον Ar. Av. 161; also ζ. ἀβλαβεῖ βίῳ S. El. 650, cf. Tr. 168; εὖ ζῆν Id. Ph. 505; κακῶς Id. OC 799; ζ. δοῦλος Id. OT 410; ἐκ τῶν ἄλλων ὧν ἔζης from the other acts of your life, D. 21.134; ποιεῖσθαι φθόνον ἐξ ὧν ζῇς ib.196.
3. aor. 1 ἔζησα, causal, quicken, ἐν τῇ ὁδῷ σου ζῆσόν με LXX Psalms 119:37(118).37, al.
II live in the fullest sense, δι' ὧν ζῆν ἐπιστάμεθα X. Mem. 3.3.11, etc.; βιοὺς μὲν ἔτη τόσα, ζήσας δὲ ἔτη ἑπτά D.C. 69.19; in religious or mystical sense, Romans 7:9, al., cf. Ramsay Cilies and Bishoprics 2p.565 (Phryg.); θεὸς ζῶν LXX De. 5.26(23), etc.: freq. metaph. of things, to be in full vigour, ὄλβος ζώει μάσσων Pi. I. 3.5; ἄτης θύελλαι ζῶσι A. Ag. 819; ζῶντι χρώμενος ποδί S. Fr. 790; [ μαντεῖα] αἰεὶ ζῶντα περιποτᾶται Id. OT 482; ἀεὶ ζῇ ταῦτα [νόμιμα ] Id. Ant. 457; τὰς ξυμφορὰς τῶν βουλευμάτων ζώσας μάλιστα have most living power, Id. OT 45; λόγια ζῶντα Acts 7:38; χρόνῳ τῷ ζῶντι καὶ παρόντι S. Tr. 1169; ζῶσα φλόξ living fire, E. Ba. 8; ὕδωρ ζῶν spring water, LXX Numbers 5:17 (and metaph., John 4:10); ζώσης φωνῆς Cic. Att. 2.12.2.
ζάω, ζῶ, ζῇς, ζῇ, infinitive ζῆν (so L T, but R G WH (η(, Tr also (except 1 Corinthians 9:14; 2 Corinthians 1:8); cf. Winers Grammar, § 5, 4 c.; WH. Introductory § 410; Lipsius Gram. Unters., p. 5f), participle ζῶν; imperfect ἔζων (Romans 7:9, where Vat. has the inferior form ἔζην (found again Colossians 3:7 ἐζῆτε); cf. Fritzsche on Romans, ii., p. 38; (WHs Appendix, p. 169; Veitch, under the word)); future in the earlier form ζήσω (Romans 6:2 (not L marginal reading); Hebrews 12:9; L T Tr WH also in John (John 5:25);
1. to live, be among the living, be alive (not lifeless, not dead): Acts 20:12; Romans 7:1-3; 1 Corinthians 7:39; 2 Corinthians 1:8; 2 Corinthians 4:11; 1 Thessalonians 4:15, 17; Revelation 19:20, etc.; ψυχή ζῶσα, 1 Corinthians 15:45 and R Tr marginal reading Revelation 16:3; διά παντός τοῦ ζῆν, during all their life (on earth), Hebrews 2:15 (διατελεῖν πάντα τόν τοῦ ζῆν χρόνον, Diodorus 1, 74 (cf. Buttmann, 262 (225))); ἔτι ζῶν (participle imperfect (cf. Winer's Grammar, 341 (320))), while he was yet alive, before his death, Matthew 27:63; with ἐν σαρκί added, of the earthly life, Philippians 1:22; ὁ δέ νῦν ζῶ ἐν σαρκί, that life which I live in an earthly body, Galatians 2:20 (Buttmann, 149 (130); Winer's Grammar, 227 (213)); ἐν αὐτῷ ζῶμεν, in God is the cause why we live, Acts 17:28; ζῶσα τέθνηκε, 1 Timothy 5:6; ἐμοί τό ζῆν Χριστός, my life is devoted to Christ, Christ is the aim, the goal, of my life, Philippians 1:21; ζῶντες are opposed to νεκροί, Matthew 22:32; Mark 12:27; Luke 20:38; ζῶντες καί νεκροί, Acts 10:42; Romans 14:9; 2 Timothy 4:1; 1 Peter 4:5; in the sense of living and thriving, 2 Corinthians 6:9; 1 Thessalonians 3:8; ζῇ ἐν ἐμοί Χριστός, Christ is living and operative in me, i. e. the holy mind and energy of Christ pervades and moves me Galatians 2:20; ἐκ δυνάμεως Θεοῦ ζῆν εἰς τινα, through the power of God to live and be strong toward one (namely, in correcting and judging), 2 Corinthians 13:4; in the absolute sense, God is said to be ὁ ζῶν: Matthew 16:16; Matthew 26:63; John 6:57; John 6:69 Rec.; Acts 14:15; Romans 9:26; 2 Corinthians 3:3; 2 Corinthians 6:16; 1 Thessalonians 1:9; 1 Timothy 3:15; 1 Timothy 4:10; 1 Timothy 6:17 R G; Hebrews 3:12; Hebrews 9:14; Hebrews 10:31; Hebrews 12:22; Revelation 7:2 (Joshua 3:10; 2 Kings 19:4, 16; Isaiah 37:4, 17; Hosea 1:10; Daniel 6:20 Theod., 26, etc.); with the addition of εἰς τούς αἰῶνας τῶν αἰώνων, Revelation 4:9; Revelation 15:7; ζῶ ἐγώ (אָנִי חַי, Numbers 14:21; Isaiah 49:18, etc.) as I live (by my life), the formula by which God swears by himself, Romans 14:11. equivalent to to continue to live, to be kept alice (ὅστις ζῆν ἐπιθυμεῖ, πειράσθω νικαν, Xenophon, an. 3, 2, 26 (39)): ἐάν ὁ κύριος θελήσῃ καί ζήσωμεν (ζήσομεν L T Tr WH), James 4:15 (Buttmann, 210 (181); Winer's Grammar, 286 (268f)); ζῆν ἐπ' ἄρτῳ (Matthew 4:4, etc.) see ἐπί, B. 2 a. α. (Tobit 5:20); ζῆν ἐκ τίνος, to get a living from a thing, 1 Corinthians 9:14; also when used of convalescents, John 4:50f, 53; with ἐκ τῆς ἀρρωστίας added, 2 Kings 1:2; 2 Kings 8:8f, figuratively, to live and be strong: ἐν τούτοις (for Rec. ἐν αὐτοῖς) in these vices, opposed to the ethical death by which Christians are wholly severed from sin (see ἀποθνῄσκω, II. 2 b.), Colossians 3:7; cf. Meyer at the passage equivalent to to be no longer dead, to recover life, be restored to life: Matthew 9:18; Acts 9:41; so of Jesus risen from the dead, Mark 16:11; Luke 24:5, 23; Acts 1:3; Acts 25:19; Romans 6:10; 2 Corinthians 13:4; opposed to νεκρός, Revelation 1:18; Revelation 2:8; ἔζησεν came to life, lived again, Romans 14:9 G L T Tr WH (opposed to ἀπέθανε); Revelation 13:14; Revelation 20:4, 5 (Rec. ἀνέζησεν) (Ezekiel 37:9f; on the aorist as marking entrance upon a state see βασιλεύω, at the end); ζῆν ἐκ νεκρῶν, tropically, out of moral death to enter upon a new life, dedicated and acceptable to God, Romans 6:13; (similarly in Luke 15:32 T Tr WH). equivalent to not to be mortal, Hebrews 7:8 (where ἄνθρωποι ἀποθνῄσκοντες dying men i. e. whose lot it is to die, are opposed to ὁ ζῶν).
2. emphatically, and in the Messianic sense, to enjoy real life, i. e. to have true life and worthy of the name — active, blessed, endless in the kingdom of God (or ζωή αἰώνιος; see ζωή, 2b.): Luke 10:28; John 5:25; John 11:25; Romans 1:17; Romans 8:13; Romans 14:9 ((?) see above); Galatians 3:12; Hebrews 12:9; with the addition of ἐκ πίστεως, Hebrews 10:38; of εἰς τόν αἰῶνα, John 6:51, 58; σύν Χριστῷ, in Christ's society, 1 Thessalonians 5:10; this life in its absolute fullness Christ enjoys, who owes it to God; hence, he says ζῶ διά τόν πατέρα, John 6:57; by the gift and power of Christ it is shared in by the faithful, who accordingly are said ζήσειν δἰ αὐτόν, John 6:57; δἰ αὐτοῦ, 1 John 4:9. with a dative denoting the respect, πνεύματι, 1 Peter 4:6; ὄνομα ἔχεις ὅτι ζῇς καί νεκρός εἰ, thou art said to have life (i. e. vigorous spiritual life bringing forth good fruit) and (yet) thou art dead (ethically), Revelation 3:1. In the O. T: ζῆν denotes to live most happily in the enjoyment of the theocratic blessings: Leviticus 18:5; Deuteronomy 4:1; Deuteronomy 8:1; Deuteronomy 30:16.
3. to live i. e. pass life, of the manner of living and acting; of morals or character: μετά ἀνδρός with the accusative of time, of a married woman, Luke 2:36; χωρίς νόμου, without recognition of the law, Romans 7:9; Φαρισαῖος, Acts 26:5; also ἐν κόσμῳ, Colossians 2:20; with ἐν and a dative indicating the act or state of the soul: ἐν πίστει, Galatians 2:20; ἐν τῇ ἁμαρτία, to devote life to sin, Romans 6:2; with adverbs expressing the manner: εὐσεβῶς, 2 Timothy 3:12; Titus 2:12; ἀσώτως, Luke 15:13; ἐθνικῶς, Galatians 2:14; ἀδίκως, Wis. 14:28; ζῆν τίνι (the dative of person, a phrase common in Greek authors also, in Latinvivere alicui; cf. Fritzsche on Romans, vol. iii., p. 176ff), to devote, consecrate, life to one; so to live that life results in benefit to someone or to his cause: τῷ Θεῷ, Luke 20:38; Romans 6:10; Galatians 2:19 (4 Macc. 16:25); τῷ Χριστῷ, 2 Corinthians 5:15; that man is said ἑαυτῷ ζῆν who makes his own will his law, is his own master, Romans 14:7; 2 Corinthians 5:15; with the dative of the thing to which life is devoted: τῇ δικαιοσύνη, 1 Peter 2:24; πνεύματι, to be actuated by the Spirit, Galatians 5:25; κατά σάρκα, as the flesh dictates, Romans 8:12f.
II. Metaphorically, of inanimate things;
a. ὕδωρ ζῶν, חַיִּים מַיִם (Genesis 26:19; Leviticus 14:5; etc.), living water, i. e. bubbling up, gushing forth, flowing, with the suggested idea of refreshment and salubrity (opposed to the water of cisterns and pools (cf. our spring water)), is figuratively used of the spirit and truth of God as satisfying the needs and desires of the soul: John 4:10; John 7:38; ἐπί ζώσας πηγάς ὑδάτων, Revelation 7:17 Rec. b. having vital power in itself and exerting the same upon the soul: ἐλπίς ζῶσα, 1 Peter 1:3; λόγος Θεοῦ, 1 Peter 1:23; Hebrews 4:12; λόγια namely, τοῦ Θεοῦ, Acts 7:38, cf. Deuteronomy 32:47; ὁδός ζῶσα, Hebrews 10:20 (this phrase describing that characteristic of divine grace, in granting the pardon of sin and fellowship with God, which likens it to a way leading to the heavenly sanctuary). In the same manner the predicate ὁ ζῶν is applied to those things to which persons are compared who possess real life (see I. 2 above), in the expressions λίθοι ζῶντες, 1 Peter 2:4; ἄρτος ὁ ζῶν (see ἄρτος, at the end), John 6:51; θυσία ζῶσα (tacitly opposed to slain victims), Romans 12:1. (Compare: ἀναζάω, συζάω.)
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ζάω , -ῶ ,
[in LXX chiefly for H2421 (most freq. ptcp., ζῶν , inf., ζῆν , for H2416);]
1. prop., to live, be alive (v. SYN., s.v. βίος ; in cl. usually of animal life, but sometimes of plants, as Arist., Eth. N, i, 7, 12): Acts 20:12, Romans 7:1-3, 1 Corinthians 7:39, Revelation 19:20, al.; ἐν αὐτῷ ζῶμεν , Acts 17:28; ἐμοὶ τὸ ζῆν Χριστός , Philippians 1:21; διὰ παντὸς τοῦ ζῆν (M, Pr., 215, 249), Hebrews 2:15; ὃ δὲ νῦν ζῶ ἐν σαρκί , Galatians 2:20; ζῇ ἐν ἐμοὶ Χριστός , Galatians 2:20; (ὁ ) ζῶν , of God (H2416 H413 and cognate phrases, Joshua 3:10, Hosea 1:10, Isaiah 37:4, al.; v. DCG, ii, 399), Matthew 16:16, John 6:57, Romans 9:26, 1 Thessalonians 1:9, Hebrews 3:12, Revelation 7:2, al.; in juristic phrase, ζῶ ἐγώ (H589־ H2416, Numbers 14:21, al.), as I live, Romans 14:11; ζῆν ἐπ᾿ ἄρτῳ , Matthew 4:4, al.; ἐκ , 1 Corinthians 9:14; of coming to life, Mark 16:11, Romans 6:10; Romans 14:9, 2 Corinthians 13:4; opp. to νεκρός , Revelation 1:18; Revelation 2:8; metaph., Luke 15:32; ζῆν ἐκ νεκρῶν , Romans 6:13; of the spiritual life of Christians, Luke 10:28, John 5:25, Romans 1:17; Romans 8:13; εἰς τ . αἰῶνα , John 6:51; John 6:58; σὺν Χριστῷ , 1 Thessalonians 5:10; ὄνομα ἔχεις ὅτι ζῇς , Revelation 3:1.
2. As sometimes in cl., = βιόω , to live, pass one's life: Luke 2:36, Acts 26:5, Romans 7:9, Colossians 2:20; ἐν πίστει , Galatians 2:20; ἐν τ . ἁμαρτίᾳ , Romans 6:2; εὐσεβῶς , 2 Timothy 3:12; ἀσώτως , Luke 15:13; c. dat. (cl.), ἑαυτῷ (Field, Notes, 164), Romans 14:7, 2 Corinthians 5:15; τ . θεῷ , Luke 20:38, Romans 6:1-11 Galatians 2:19; τ . Χριστῷ 2 Corinthians 5:15. τ . δικαιοσύνῃ , 1 Peter 2:24; πνεύματι , Galatians 5:25; κατὰ σάρκα , Romans 8:12-13.
3. Of inanimate things, metaph.: ὕδωρ ζῶν (i.e. springing water, as opp. to still water), in a spiritual sense, John 4:10-11; John 7:38 (DCG, ii, 39 f.): ἐλπὶς ζῶσα , 1 Peter 1:3; ὁδὸς ζῶσα , Hebrews 10:20 (cf. ἀνα -, συν -ζάω ; Cremer, 270, 721).
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For this common verb = ";live"; it is enough to cite such passages as P Petr II. 13 (19).7 (B.C. 258–253) καὶ ζῶντός σου καὶ εἰς θεοὺς ἀπελθόντος, ib. III. 2.21 (B.C. 236) ἕ ]ως ἂν ἐγὼ ζῶι, P Oxy III. 472.7 (c. A.D. 130) ἄλλοι πολλοὶ τὸν θάνατον τοῦ ζῆν προκρείναντες, ib. VI. 937.5 (iii/A.D.) ἐὰν οὖν ζήσω χρόνο ̣ν καὶ ἔλθω εἰς τὴν πατρίδα μου ἐκδικήσω ἐμαυτόν, ib. XII. 1477.9 (question to an oracle—iii/iv A.D.) εἶ ζῇ ὁ ἀπόδ ̣ημος; As might be expected, the word is constantly found in sepulchral epitaphs, e.g. Preisigke 173.6 (c. A.D. 200) Τ. Αὐρήλιος. . . ζήσας ἔτη ν ̄ε ̄. For the phrase ἔτι ζῶν, as in Matthew 27:63, cf. C. and B. ii. p. 660 No. 618 (A.D. 193–4) Ζώσιμος [— τοῖς τ ]έκνοις. . . καὶ ἑαυτῷ ἔτι ζῶν κατεσκεύασεν. The articular inf. is very common in the vernacular—P Par 63.103 (B.C. 165) τὰ πρὸς τὸ ζῆν, ";the means of living,"; P Tebt II. 283.15 (B.C. 93 or 60) κινδυνωι (l. κινδυνεύει) τῶι ζῆν, ";her life is in danger,"; ib. 304.13 (A.D. 167–8) ὡς ἐκ τούτου τῷ ζῆν κινδυνεύειν, ";so that his life is endangered in consequence,"; P Lond 846.11 (a poor weaver’s petition—A.D. 140) (= III. p. 131) μισθοῦ πορίζοντος τὸ ζῆν, OGIS 515.27 (iii/A.D.) τὸ ζῆν οὐκ ἔχομεν : cf. Hebrews 2:15, and see Proleg. p. 215. With ζῆν ἐκ, ";get a living from,"; as in 1 Corinthians 9:14, cf. P Oxy VIII. 1117.19 (c. A.D. 178) μέτρια κεκτήμεθα ἐξ ὧν καὶ μόλις ζῶμεν, ib. XII. 1557.12 (A.D. 255) ἐξ αὐτῶν τὸ ζῆν ποριζομένῳ, P Meyer 20.21 (1st half iii/A.D.) ἐργαζέσθω Λουκιᾶς καὶ ζώτω ἐκ τοῦ μισ ̣θαρου (l. μισθαρίου) αὐτῆς (cf. 2 Thessalonians 3:12). In BGU I. 246.9 (ii/iii A.D.) the verb is construed with the dat.—ἄρτῳ καὶ ὕδατι ζῶν. For the deeper meaning of the verb we may refer to an inscr. which Sir W. M. Ramsay formerly placed among Christian inscrr., but now assigns to mystic paganism (see his Recent Discovery, p. 176), C. and B. ii. p. 565 No. 463 ζῶσι [ν μ ]έγαν κίνδυ [ν ]ον ἐκπεφευ [γ ]ότες, ";they live, having escaped great danger."; In P Oxy VI. 924.11, a Gnostic charm of iv/A.D., a certain Ἀρεία is described as δούλη. . τοῦ θ (εο)ῦ τοῦ ζῶντος, and in ib. 943.7, a Christian letter of vi/A.D., we have the common LXX phrase ζῇ Κύριος, ";as the Lord lives."; See also the magical P Par 574.1038 (iii/A.D.) ἐπιτάσσει σοι ὁ μέγας ζῶν θεός. In Syll 852.3 (ii/B.C.) μέχρι κα Ἀρχέλαος ζώιη, the verb would seem to be opt., for ib. 856.12 (ii/B.C.) shows subj. ζῇ —ἕως κα ζῇ Θευδώρα. A familiar fairy-tale phrase occurs in Musonius, p. 30.9, τὸ εὐδαιμονεῖν καὶ ζῆν μακαρίως εἰς τὸ λοιπόν.
According to Boisacq (p. 309) this verb is ";une invention des grammairiens"; : the Attic ζῶ represents *ζηι ̰̑ω. The connexion between this form and the aor. ἐβίων, and their relation to δίαιτα and ὑγιής are revealed in the base guei = ";live."; MGr ζῶ and ζι ̰ῶ.
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Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org.
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