Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Strong's #225 - ἀλήθεια

Transliteration
alḗtheia
Phonetics
al-ay'-thi-a
Origin
from (G227)
Parts of Speech
Noun Feminine
TDNT
1:232,37
Definition
Thayer's
  1. objectively
    1. what is true in any matter under consideration
      1. truly, in truth, according to truth
      2. of a truth, in reality, in fact, certainly
    2. what is true in things appertaining to God and the duties of man, moral and religious truth
      1. in the greatest latitude
      2. the true notions of God which are open to human reason without his supernatural intervention
    3. the truth as taught in the Christian religion, respecting God and the execution of his purposes through Christ, and respecting the duties of man, opposing alike to the superstitions of the Gentiles and the inventions of the Jews, and the corrupt opinions and precepts of false teachers even among Christians
  2. subjectively
    1. truth as a personal excellence
      1. that candour of mind which is free from affection, pretence, simulation, falsehood, deceit
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 217 ‑ אוּר (oor);  529 ‑ אֵמוּן (ay‑moon');  530 ‑ אֱמֻנָה (em‑oo‑naw', em‑oo‑naw');  571 ‑ אֱמֶת (eh'‑meth);  3330 ‑ יַצִּיב (yats‑tseeb');  3477 ‑ יָשָׁר (yaw‑shawr');  3559 ‑ כּוּן (koon);  5228 ‑ נָכֹחַ (naw‑ko'‑akh);  7187 ‑ קְשֹׁט (kesh‑ote', kesh‑ote');  8537 ‑ תֹּם (tome);  
Frequency Lists  
  1. Book
  2. Word
  3. Parsing
KJV (110)
Matthew
1
Mark
3
Luke
3
John
25
Acts
3
Romans
8
1 Corinthians
2
2 Corinthians
8
Galatians
4
Ephesians
6
Philippians
1
Colossians
2
2 Thessalonians
3
1 Timothy
6
2 Timothy
6
Titus
2
Hebrews
1
James
3
1 Peter
1
2 Peter
2
1 John
9
2 John
5
3 John
6
NAS (105)
Matthew
1
Mark
2
Luke
2
John
25
Acts
2
Romans
7
1 Corinthians
2
2 Corinthians
8
Galatians
3
Ephesians
6
Philippians
1
Colossians
2
2 Thessalonians
3
1 Timothy
6
2 Timothy
6
Titus
2
Hebrews
1
James
3
1 Peter
1
2 Peter
2
1 John
9
2 John
5
3 John
6
HCS (109)
Matthew
1
Mark
3
Luke
3
John
25
Acts
3
Romans
8
1 Corinthians
2
2 Corinthians
8
Galatians
3
Ephesians
6
Philippians
1
Colossians
2
2 Thessalonians
3
1 Timothy
6
2 Timothy
6
Titus
2
Hebrews
1
James
3
1 Peter
1
2 Peter
2
1 John
9
2 John
5
3 John
6
BSB (109)
Matthew
1
Mark
3
Luke
3
John
25
Acts
3
Romans
8
1 Corinthians
2
2 Corinthians
8
Galatians
3
Ephesians
6
Philippians
1
Colossians
2
2 Thessalonians
3
1 Timothy
6
2 Timothy
6
Titus
2
Hebrews
1
James
3
1 Peter
1
2 Peter
2
1 John
9
2 John
5
3 John
6
ESV (89)
Mark
1
Luke
1
John
25
Acts
1
Romans
7
1 Corinthians
2
2 Corinthians
8
Galatians
3
Ephesians
6
Philippians
1
Colossians
2
2 Thessalonians
3
1 Timothy
6
2 Timothy
6
Titus
2
Hebrews
1
James
3
2 Peter
2
1 John
9
WEB (106)
Mark
3
Luke
3
John
24
Acts
3
Romans
8
1 Corinthians
2
2 Corinthians
8
Galatians
3
Ephesians
6
Philippians
1
Colossians
2
2 Thessalonians
3
1 Timothy
6
2 Timothy
6
Titus
2
Hebrews
1
James
2
1 Peter
1
2 Peter
2
1 John
9
2 John
5
3 John
6
Verse Results
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

ἀλήθ-εια [ ᾰλ], , Dor. ἀλάθεια (also ἀλαθείᾱ B. 12.204); ἀλάθεα Alc. 57, Theoc. 29.1 is neut. pl. of ἀλᾱθής; (and Farly Att. acc. to Hdn.Gr. 2.454) ἀληθείᾱ; Ion. ἀληθείη:

I truth, opp. lie or mere appearance:

1, in Hom. only opp. a lie, freq. in phrase ἀληθείην καταλέξαι Il. 24.407,al.; ἀ. ἀποειπεῖν 23.361; παιδὸς πᾶσαν ἀ. μυθεῖσθαι to tell whole truth about the lad, Od. 11.507; ἀλάθει' ἀτρεκής Pi. N. 5.17, cf. B. l.c.; prov., οἶνος καὶ ἀ. ` in vino veritas', Alc.l.c., etc.; ἁπλᾶ γάρ ἐστι τῆς ἀ. ἔπη A. Fr. 176, cf. E. Ph. 469; χρᾶσθαι τῇ ἀ. Hdt. 1.116; εἰπεῖν τὴν ἀ. Id. 6.69; ἡ ἀ. περί τινος Th. 4.122, S. Tr. 91; ἀ. ἔχειν to be true, Arist. Pol. 1281a42: pl., ταῖς ἀ. χρῆσθαι Isoc. 9.5; τὰς ἀ. λέγειν Men. 87, 925; τὰς ἀ. ἀκοῦσαι τῶν γενομένων Alcid. Od. 13: — Ἀλήθεια or περὶ Ἀληθείας, title of works by Protag., Pl. Tht. 161c, Cra. 391c; by Antipho Soph., FOxy. 1364, cf. Hermog. Id. 2.11, etc.

2. after Hom. also truth, reality, opp. appearance, σὺν ἀλαθείᾳ καλῶν B. 3.96; ἡ ἀ. τῶν πραχθέντων Antipho 2.4.1; τῶν ἔργων ἡ ἀ. Th. 2.41; μιμήματα ἀληθείας Pl. Plt. 300c: in adverb. usages, τῇ ἀ. in very truth, Th. 4.120, etc.; ταῖς ἀ. Isoc. 15.283, cf. Philem. 130, Plb. 10.40.5, Babr. 75.20; rarely (without the Art.) ἀληθείᾳ Pl. Prt. 343d: with Preps., ἐν τῇ ἀ. Pl. La. 183d; ἐπὶ τῆς ἀληθείας καὶ τοῦ πράγματος in truth and reality, D. 21.72; ἐπ' ἀληθείᾳ for the sake of truth, A. Supp. 628, Ar. Pl. 891; also, according to truth and nature, Theoc. 7.44: — μετ' ἀληθείας X. Mem. 2.1.27, D. 2.4: — κατὰ τὴν ἀ. Isoc. 1.2.46, etc.; κατ' ἀλήθειον Arist. Pol. 1278b33, etc.: — ξὺν ἀληθείᾳ A. Ag. 1567: — πρὸς ἀλήθειαν D.S. 5.67, etc.

3. real war, opp. exercise or parade, Plb. 10.20.4,al.; ἐπ' αὐτῆς τῆς ἀ. Id. 1.21.3.

4. true event, realization of dream or omen, Hdt. 3.64, Damon ap.Sch. Ar. Pl. 1003.

II of persons, truthfulness, sincerity, Hdt. 1.55; ἀλαθείᾳ φρενῶν A. Ag. 1550, cf. Pl. R. 331c, Arist. EN 1108a20.

III *)a. personified, Emp. 1, Parm. 1.29, etc. symbol of truth, jewel worn by Egyptian high-priest, D.S. 1.48, 75, Ael. VH 14.34: of the Thummim, LXX Leviticus 8:8.

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

ἀλήθεια , -ας ,

(< ἀληθής ),

[in LXX chiefly for H571 (on which, v. Cremer, 627 f.), H530;]

truth (v. DB, iv, 818 f.).

1. Objectively, "the reality lying at the basis of an appearance; the manifested, veritable essence of a matter" (Cremer, 86): Romans 9:1, al.; of religious truth, Romans 1:2, al.; esp. of Christian doctrine, Galatians 2:5, al.; . θεοῦ , Romans 15:8.

2. Subjectively, truthfulness, truth, not merely verbal (cl.), but sincerity and integrity of character: John 8:44, 3 John 1:3.

3. In phrases (MM, VGT, s.v.): ἐπ᾽ ἀληθείας , Mark 12:14, al.; . λέγειν (εἰπεῖν , λαλεῖν ), Romans 9:1, 2 Corinthians 12:6, Ephesians 4:25, al.; . ποιεῖν , John 3:21, 1 John 1:6 (cf. DE, iv, 818 b, ff.).


Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

The noun occurs requently in prepositional phrases, μετὰ πάσης ἀληθείας , etc. Ἐπ᾽ ἀληθείας is found in P Amh II. 6833 (late i/A.D.) ὀμνύομεν . . . εἶ μὴν ἐξ ὑγειοῦς καὶ ἐπ᾽ ἀληθείας ἐπιδεδωκ [ ]ναι : so P Oxy III. 480.9 (A.D. 132), and Syll 226174 (iii/B.C.) οὐ γεγενημένου τούτου ἐπ᾽ ἀληθείας , etc. This NT phrase is thoroughly idiomatic, we see, and not ";translation Greek"; in Mark. Other combinations are ἐξ ἀ ., P Oxy VII. 103233 (A.D. 162) [κ ] τῆς ἀ ., P Flor I. 3214 (A.D. 298) ἐξόμνυμι . . . ἐξ ἀ . καὶ πίστεως . (For this collocation of nouns, cf. P Oxy I. 705 (iii/A.D.) πίστιν καὶ ἀλήθ [ειαν ἔ ]χει , ";is credited and accepted,"; of a contract (Edd.).) With 2 John 1:1, 3 John 1:1 ὃν ἐγὼ ἀγαπῶ ἐν ἀληθείᾳ , cf. the Gemellus letters, P Fay 118.26 (A.D. 110) ἀσπάζου τοὺς φιλοῦντές σε πάντες πρὸς ἀλήθιαν , and ib. 119.26 (c. A.D. 100) τοὺς φιλοῦντες ἡμᾶς πρὸς ἀλήθιαν . In much the same sense we find ταῖς ἀληθ (είαις ), P Ryl II. 105.26 (A.D. 136). For the noun without prepositions we may quote P Oxy II. 283.13f. (A.D. 45) ἐξ οὗ δεήσει γνωσθῆναι πᾶσαν τὴν περὶ τῶν προγεγραμμένων ἀλήθειαν , P Giss I. 84.14 (ii/A.D.) φι ]λοῦσ ̣ι νῦν οὗτοι τὴν ἀλήθ [ε ]ιαν εἰπε ̣ι ̣̑ν ̣, P Lond 412.5 (A.D. 351) = (II. p. 280) εἰ μὴ ὑπῆρχεν ἡμεῖν ἡ τῶν νόμων ἀλήθει [α ], ib. 8973 (A.D. 84) ( = III. p. 206) νυνεὶ δὲ ὑμεῖς τὴν ἀλήθειαν γράψαται , etc. From v/vi A.D. comes an interesting Christian prayer in P Oxy VI. 9255 φανέρωσόν μοι τὴν παρὰ σοὶ ἀλήθιαν εἰ βούλῃ με ἀπελθεῖν εἰς Χιούτ . The form of the petition closely follows those of paganism.

 

 

 

The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
αληθεια αληθεία αληθέια αλήθεια αλήθειά αλήθεία ἀληθείᾳ ἀλήθεια ἀλήθειά αλήθειαι αληθειαν αλήθειαν αλήθειάν ἀλήθειαν αληθειας αληθείας ἀληθείας aletheia alētheia alḗtheia alḗtheiá aletheíāi alētheíāi aletheian alētheian alḗtheian aletheias aletheías alētheias alētheías
Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org. Copyright 1999-2021. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.
Search for…
 or 
Choose a letter to browse: