Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Strong's #227 - ἀληθής

Transliteration
alēthḗs
Phonetics
al-ay-thace'
Origin
from (G1) (as a negative particle) and (G2990)
Parts of Speech
Adjective
TDNT
1:247,37
Definition
Thayer's
  1. true
  2. loving the truth, speaking the truth, truthful
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 571 ‑ אֱמֶת (eh'‑meth);  2450 ‑ חָכָם (khaw‑kawm');  2896 ‑ טוֹב (tobe);  3559 ‑ כּוּן (koon);  6662 ‑ צַדִּיק (tsad‑deek');  7189 ‑ קֹשְׁטְ (ko'‑shet, kosht);  7227 ‑ רַב (rab);  8454 ‑ תֻּשִׁיָּה (too‑shee‑yaw', too‑shee‑yaw');  
Frequency Lists  
  1. Book
  2. Word
  3. Parsing
KJV (25)
Matthew
1
Mark
1
John
13
Acts
1
Romans
1
2 Corinthians
1
Philippians
1
Titus
1
1 Peter
1
2 Peter
1
1 John
2
3 John
1
NAS (26)
Matthew
1
Mark
1
John
14
Acts
1
Romans
1
2 Corinthians
1
Philippians
1
Titus
1
1 Peter
1
2 Peter
1
1 John
2
3 John
1
HCS (26)
Matthew
1
Mark
1
John
14
Acts
1
Romans
1
2 Corinthians
1
Philippians
1
Titus
1
1 Peter
1
2 Peter
1
1 John
2
3 John
1
BSB (26)
Matthew
1
Mark
1
John
14
Acts
1
Romans
1
2 Corinthians
1
Philippians
1
Titus
1
1 Peter
1
2 Peter
1
1 John
2
3 John
1
ESV (22)
Mark
1
John
12
Acts
1
Romans
1
2 Corinthians
1
Philippians
1
Titus
1
1 Peter
1
2 Peter
1
1 John
2
WEB (24)
Matthew
1
Mark
1
John
12
Acts
1
Romans
1
2 Corinthians
1
Philippians
1
Titus
1
1 Peter
1
2 Peter
1
1 John
2
3 John
1
Verse Results
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

ἀληθ-ής [], Dor. ἀλᾱθής, ές, (λήθω, = λανθάνω: ἀληθὲς τὸ μὴ λήθῃ ὑποπῖπτον EM 62.51):

I

1. unconcealed, so true, real, opp. false, apparent: I Hom., opp. ψευδής,in phrases ἀληθέα μυθήσασθαι, εἰπεῖν, ἀγορεύειν, ἀληθὲς ἐνισπεῖν, Il. 6.382, Od. 13.254, 3.254, 247, al.; in Hdt. and Att. τὸ ἀληθές, by Trag. crasis τἀληθές, Ion. τὠληθές (Hdt. 6.68, 69), or τὰ ἀληθῆ, by crasis τἀληθῆ, etc.; ἀληθέϊ λόγῳ χρᾶσθαι Hdt. 1.14, etc.; οἱ ἀληθέϊ λόγῳ βασιλέες 1.120; ἀληθεστάτη πρόφασις Th. 1.23.

2. of persons, etc., truthful, honest (not in Hom., v. infr.), ἀ. νόος Pi. O. 2.92; κατήγορος A. Th. 439; κριτής Th. 3.56; οἶνος ἀ. ` in vino veritas ', Pl. Smp. 217e; ὁ μέσος ἀ. τις Arist. EN 1108a20.

3. of oracles, true, unerring, ἀλαθέα μαντίων θῶκον Pi. P. 11.6, cf. S. Ph. 993, E. Ion 1537; of dreams, A. Th. 710.

II of qualities or events,

1. true, real, φίλος E. Or. 424; ἀ. τὸ πραχθέν Antipho 1.6; genuine, ἀ. εἶναι δεῖ τὸ σεμνόν, οὐ κενόν Men. 596.

2. realizing itself, coming to fulfilment, ἀρά A. Th. 944.

III Adv. ἀληθῶς, Ion. -θέως,

1. truly, Simon. 5.1, Hdt. 1.11, al., A. Supp. 315, etc. actually, in reality, γένος τόδε Ζηνός ἐστιν ἀ. ib. 585; ἀ. οὐδὲν ἐξῃκασμένα Id. Ag. 1244, cf. Th. 1.22, etc.; τὴν ἀ. μουσικήν (sc. οὖσαν) Antiph. 209.6: — ὡς ἀ. in the true way, really, E. Or. 739, Pl. Phd. 63a, etc.; ἡ μὲν γὰρ ὡς ἀ. μήτηρ D. 21.149: Comp. -εστέρως Pl. R. 347e, -έστερον Antipho 3.3.4: Sup. -έστατα X. Mem. 4.8.1.

2. neut. as Adv., proparox. ἄληθες; indeed? really? ironically, S. OT 350, Ant. 758, E. Cyc. 241, Ar. Ra. 840, Av. 174.

3. τὸ ἀληθές

I truly, Ion. τὠληθές Herod. 7.70. not forgetting, careful, γυνὴ χερνῆτις ἀ. Il. 12.433, cf. Nonn. D. 24.233: the sense honest is post- Hom. ἀληθ-ίζω, dye with genuine purple, PHolm. 18.6.

II Med. -ίζομαι, = ἀληθεύω, Hdt. 1.136, 3.72, Plu. 2.230b, Alciphr. 3.39, 59.

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

ἀληθής , -ές

(< λήθω = λανθάνω , hence primarily, unconcealed, manifest; hence, actual, real),

[in LXX for H571, etc.;]

(a) of things, true, conforming to reality: John 4:18; John 5:31-32; John 6:55 (= ἀληθινός , q.v.) John 8:13-14; John 8:17; John 10:41; John 19:35; John 21:24, Acts 12:9, Philippians 4:8, Titus 1:13, 1 Peter 5:12, 2 Peter 2:22, 1 John 2:6, 3 John 1:12;

(b) of persons, truthful: Matthew 22:16, Mark 12:14, John 3:33; John 7:18; John 8:26, Romans 3:4, 2 Corinthians 6:8.†

SYN.: ἀληθινός G228, real, genuine, ideal, as opp. to spurious or imperfect ἀληθής G227, true to fact, as opp. to false, lying, denotes the actuality of a thing: ἀληθινός , its relation to the corresponding conception. (Cf. Tr., Syn., § viii; Cremer, 84 f., 631 Abbott, JV, 234 f.; DB, iv, 818 f.; MM, VGT, s.vv.)


Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

The adjective is common in formulæ : thus in the 42 documents (Ptolemaic) of the P Magd there are 17 instances, all like 116 καὶ ἐὰν ἦι ἃ γράφω ἀληθῆ , or to the same purport. So P Strass I. 41.18 (c. A.D. 250) δεῖ γὰρ τὰ ἀληθῆ λέγειν , etc. It seems always to bear the normal meaning of ";true in fact";; so ὅρκος , Wilcken Ostr 1150 (Ptol.). In P Tebt II. 2853 (A.D. 239) it is applied to ";legitimate"; children : cf. ib. 29317 (c. A.D. 187), where, with reference to an application to circumcise a boy, it is declared ἀληθῆ εἶναι αὐτὸν ἱερατικοῦ [γέ ]νους , ";that he is in truth of priestly family."; In BGU IV. 1024 vi. 17 (iv/v A.D.) οὐκ ἀληθής is applied to a person. For the adverb we need cite only P Gen I. 556 (iii/A.D.) καλοκαγαθίαν ὡς ἀληθος ἀσύνκριτον ἐπίπαν .

 

 

The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
αληθεις αληθείς ἀληθεῖς αληθες αληθές ἀληθές ἀληθὲς αληθη αληθή ἀληθῆ αληθης αληθής ἀληθής ἀληθὴς αληθους αληθούς ἀληθοῦς alethe alethê alēthē alēthē̂ aletheis aletheîs alētheis alētheîs alethes alethés alethès alethḗs alethḕs alēthes alēthés alēthès alēthēs alēthḗs alēthḕs alethous alethoûs alēthous alēthoûs
Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org. Copyright 1999-2021. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.
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