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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #2274 - ἡττάω

Root Word (Etymology)
from the same as (G2276)
Parts of Speech
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  1. to make less, inferior, to overcome
    1. to be made inferior
    2. to overcome, worsted, to be conquered by one, forced to yield to one
    3. to hold a thing inferior, set below
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 898 ‑ בָּגַד (baw‑gad');  1856 ‑ דָּקַר (daw‑kar');  2865 ‑ חָתַת (khaw‑thath');  4549 ‑ מָסַס (maw‑sas');  7561 ‑ רָשַׁע (raw‑shah');  
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (2)
2 Corinthians 1
2 Peter 1
NAS (21)
Acts 14
Romans 3
2 Corinthians 2
2 Peter 2
CSB (3)
2 Corinthians 1
2 Peter 2
BSB (3)
2 Corinthians 1
2 Peter 2
ESV (3)
2 Corinthians 1
2 Peter 2
WEB (3)
2 Corinthians 1
2 Peter 2
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions


From the same as G2276

Thayer's Expanded Definition

ἡσσάομαι, see ἡττάω and under the word Sigma.

STRONGS NT 2274: ἡττάω ἡττάω: (ἥττων); to make less, inferior, to overcome (the active is only in Polybius, Diodorus, Josephus, Antiquities 12, 7, 1 (other examples in Veitch, under the word)); passive ἡττάομαι, from (Sophocles and) Herodotus down; perfect ή῾ττημαι; 1 aorist ἡττήθην (ἡσσωθην, 2 Corinthians 12:13 L T Tr WH; in opposed to which form cf. Fritzsche, De conform. N. T. crit. quam Lachmann edition, p. 32 (yet see Kuenen and Cobet, N. T. ad fid. Vat., p. xc.; WHs Appendix, p. 166; Buttmann, 59 (52); Veitch, under the word)); to be made inferior; to be overcome, worsted: in war, ὑπό τίνος, 2 Macc. 10:24; universally, τίνι (cf. Buttmann, 168 (147); Winer's Grammar, 219 (206)), to be conquered by one, forced to yield to one, 2 Peter 2:19; absolutely, 2 Peter 2:20. τί ὑπέρ τινα, equivalent to ἧττον ἔχω τί, to hold a thing inferior, set below (on the accusative () cf. Buttmann, § 131, 10; and on the comparitive use of ὑπέρ see ὑπέρ, II. 2 b.), 2 Corinthians 12:13.

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

ἡττάω , -

(ἡσσ -, 2 Corinthians 12:13, see ἥσσων ),

[in LXX for H2865, etc.;]


1. to be inferior: seq. ὑπέρ , 2 Corinthians 12:13.

2. to be overcome: absol., 2 Peter 2:20; c. dat., 2 Peter 2:19.†

ἡσσάομαι , see ἡττάω .

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

For this form in –ττ –, which is read in the NT in 2 Peter 2:19 f. (for the LXX see Thackeray Gr. i. p. 121 f.), cf. PSI IV. 340.21 (B.C. 257–6) οὐκ ἑττηθήσεσθε (l. ἡττ –) ὑπὸ ἀνθρώπου ἀνελευθέρου, and the interesting report of a Jewish uprising in an Egyptian village during the reign of Hadrian, Chrest. I. 16.7, when the writer admits—οἱ ἡμέ [τ ]ερο [ι ] ἡττ [ ]θησαν καὶ πολλοὶ [α ]ὐτῶν συνεκόπ [ησαν. In P Hal I. 1.54, .115 (mid. iii/B.C.) we have ἡσσηθῆι twice : cf. 2 Corinthians 12:18 where ἡσσώθητε (from Ionic ἑσσοῦσθαι) is read in א* BD*. See further Wackernagel Hellenistica, p. 12 ff., where it is shown that Hellenistic writers have retained –ττ – in certain words which were taken over directly from Attic and were not current in another form in the Κοινή.


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
ησσωθητε ἡσσώθητε ηττάσθε ηττηθέντες ηττήθη ηττήθησαν ηττηθήσεσθε ηττηθήσεται ηττηθήσονται ηττήθητε ηττήσεις ηττηται ήττηται ἥττηται ηττωνται ηττώνται ἡττῶνται essothete ēssōthēte ettetai ēttētai ettontai ēttōntai hessothete hessṓthete hēssōthēte hēssṓthēte hettetai hēttētai hḗttetai hḗttētai hettontai hettôntai hēttōntai hēttō̂ntai
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