Click here to join the effort!
Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #898 - בָּגַד
1) to act treacherously, deceitfully, deal treacherously
1a) (Qal) to act or deal treacherously, faithlessly, deceitfully, offend
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
בָּגַד fut. יִבְגֹּד; once יִבְגַּד (Malachi 2:10), properly to cover (whence בֶּגֶד covering, garment); hence
(1) to act covertly, fraudulently, perfIdiously. (For verbs of covering, hiding are often applied to fraud and perfidy; compare لبس to cover, to clothe, to dissimulate, Sam. Obadiah 1:6 to defraud, construed with ב Exodus 21:8 קָבַע قبع to cover, to hide oneself, whence קֹבַע, also to defraud; compare מָעַל, דָּגַל and دجل, ختل). It is put absol. 1 Samuel 14:33; Job 6:15 more often followed by בְּ of pers. (comp. בְּ B, 6), “to forsake (some one) perfidiously,” Judges 9:23; Lamentations 1:2 namely, a friend, Lam.loc. cit.; a consort, Exodus 21:8 God, IIos. 5:7; 6:7; rarely followed by מִן Jeremiah 3:20 and an acc. Psalms 73:15, דוֹר בָּנֶיךָ בָגַדְתִּי הִנֵּה “behold I should deal falsely with the generation of thy chidren;” part. בּוֹגֵד; pl. בֹּגְדִים “those who perfidiously depart (from God),” i.e. the wicked (LXX. παράνομοι); Proverbs 2:22, 11:3, Proverbs 11:6, 13:2, 15 Proverbs 13:15; Psalms 25:3, 59:6 Jeremiah 9:1.
(2) to oppress, to afflict, to spoil, i.q. גָּזַלֶ, עָשַׁק, construed with בְּ; Isaiah 21:2, הַבּוֹגֵד בּוֹגֵד וְהַשּׁוֹדֵד שׁוֹדֵד “the spoiler spoils, and the waster wastes;” Isaiah 24:16, בֹּגְדִים בָּגָדוּ וּבֶגֶד בֹּגְדִים בָּגָדוּ “the spoilers spoil, and the spoilers spoil a spoiling,” Isaiah 33:1. Used of impudence, Habakkuk 2:5.
Hence the following words
the Third Week after Epiphany