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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #2407 - ἱερατεύω

Root Word (Etymology)
prolongation from (G2409)
Parts of Speech
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  1. to be a priest, discharge the office of a priest, to be busied in sacred duties
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 3547 ‑ כָּהַן (kaw‑han');  
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (1)
Luke 1
NAS (3)
Luke 3
CSB (1)
Luke 1
BSB (1)
Luke 1
ESV (1)
Luke 1
WEB (1)
Luke 1
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

ἱερᾱτ-εύω, Ion. ἱερητ- GDI 5394 (later also in Northern Greece, Boeot., IG 7.3097 (perh. i B.C.); Phoc., ib. 9(1).32.40 (Stiris, ii B.C.), al.; Thess., ib. 9(2).333 (i A.D.), cf. SIG 2588.110 (Delos, ii B.C.); Lesb. ἰρητεύω IG 12(2).527.45):

I to be priest or priestess, θεῶν OGI 90.51 (Rosetta, ii B.C.); Καίσαρος prob. ib.767.4 (Cyrene); τοῦ Διὸς τοῦ Σωτῆρος IG 7.2727 (Acraeph., i B.C.); τᾷ Ἀθάνᾳ ib.9(1).65 (Daulis), cf. Hdn. 5.6.3: abs., SIG 1044.19 (Halic., iv/iii B.C.), al., LXX Exodus 28:1, Luke 1:8 :

also ἱερᾱτ-εύομαι, IGRom. 4.539 (Cotiaeum).

II Pass., to be made holy, Zos.Alch.p.108B.

Thayer's Expanded Definition

ἱερατεύω; (from ἱεράομαι and the verbal adjective ἱερατος, though this adjective does not occur); to be priest, discharge the priest's office, be busied in sacred duties: Luke 1:8. (Josephus, Antiquities 3, 8, 1; Herodian, 5, 6, 6 (3 edition, Bekker); Pausanias, Heliodorus, Inscriptions (see Liddell and Scott); the Sept. for כִּהֵן.)

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
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All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament


(cl. = ἱεράομαι ),

[in LXX chiefly for H3547 pi.;]

to be a priest, officiate as a priest: Luke 1:8 (the word is freq. in Inscr.; v. LS, s.v.; Deiss., BS, 215; LAE, 70; Cremer, 734).†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

Early evidence for this word from the inscrr. is afforded by OGIS90.51 (Rosetta stone—B.C. 196) τῶν θεῶν ὧν ἱερατεύσουσιν, Magn 178.6 (ii/B.C.) ἱέραιαν Ἀρτέμιδος Λευκοφρυηνῆς ἱερατεύσασαν, Priene177 (ii/B.C.) Ἀθηνόπολις Κυδίμου ἱερητεύων (for the form cf. Thumb Hellen. p. 68) Διονύσωι, etc. The writers of the LXX and Luke (1.8) were, therefore, only applying to the rites of the Jewish religion a term already current in the pagan world : see further Deissmann BS p. 2 1 5 f., Anz Subsidia, p. 370 f., Thieme, p. 15, Rouffiac Recherches, p. 66 f., and Poland Vereinswesen, p. 347 n.2. The only example we can cite from the papyri is P Giss I, 11.10 (A.D. 118) ὥστε εἱερατεύειν τοῦ χειρεισμοῦ τῶν κυβερνητ (ῶν), where see the editor’s note : the gen., which is similar to that after ἐπιμελοῦμαι, κήδομαι, ἐπιστατῶ, etc., is sometimes varied by the dat. commodi as in Priene 177 (supra).


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
ιερατευειν ιερατεύειν ἱερατεύειν ιερατεύουσιν ιεράτευσαν ιερατεύσας ιερατεύσει ιεράτευσεν ιερατεύσουσί ιερατεύσωσί hierateuein hierateúein ierateuein
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