the Week of Proper 3 / Ordinary 8
Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary Hebrew Lexicon
Strong's #3547 - כָּהַן
1) to act as a priest, minister in a priest’s office
1a1) to minister as a priest, serve as a priest
1a2) to be or become a priest
1a3) to play the priest
1244) nk (כנ KN) AC: Stand CO: Root AB: Sure: The pictograph k is a picture of the open palm, the n is a picture of a seed. Combined these mean "opening of a seed". When the seed opens the roots begin to form the base of the plant by going down into the soil. The plant rises out of the ground forming the stalk of the plant. A tall tree can only stand tall and firm because of the strong root system which supports it.
A) nk (כנ KN) AC: ? CO: Base AB: ?: The base that supports that which stands firm.
Nm) nk (כנ KN) - I. So:A firmness in a situation. [Hebrew and Aramaic] II. Firm:A standing tall and firm. An upright person of column. III. Base:The base which provides support as well as a persons home or family as a base. IV. Gnat:Possibly as a firm standing insect. [Unknown connection to root] KJV (74): foot, estate, base, office, place, well, so, thus, like, well, such, howbeit, state, after, that, following, therefore, wherefore, lice, manner - Strongs: H3651 (כֵּן), H3652 (כֵּן), H3653 (כֵּן), H3654 (כֵּן)
Nf1) enk (כנה KNH) - Stalk: The base and support of a plant. KJV (2): vineyard - Strongs: H3657 (כַּנָּה), H3661 (כָּנַן)
pf1) emnk (כנמה KNMH) - So: A firmness in a situation. [Aramaic only] KJV (5): thus, so, sort, manner - Strongs: H3660 (כְּנֵמָא)
kcf1) enfkm (מכונה MKWNH) - Base: What is firm and supports something. KJV (23): base - Strongs: H4350 (מְכֹנָה)
kdf1) enfkm (מכונה MKWNH) - Base: What is firm and supports something. KJV (1): base - Strongs: H4369 (מְכֻנָה)
C) nka (אכנ AKN) AC: Firm CO: ? AB: ?: A firm or sure position.
Nm) nka (אכנ AKN) - Surely: To be firm in something. [df: Ka] KJV (40): also, but, certainly, even, howbeit, least, nevertheless, notwithstanding, only, save, scarce, surely, sure, truly, verily, wherefore, yet - Strongs: H389 (אַךְ), H403 (אָכֵן)
G) nek (כהנ KHN) AC: Adorn CO: Priest AB: ?: The base which supports the people.
V) nek (כהנ KHN) - Adorn: To put on special ornaments or garments for a special office or event. (see Isaiah 61:10) KJV (23): (vf: Piel) minister, execute, deck, office, priest - Strongs: H3547 (כָּהַן)
Nm) nek (כהנ KHN) - Priest: [Aramaic only] KJV (8): priest - Strongs: H3549 (כָּהֵן)
df1) enfek (כהונה KHWNH) - Priesthood: The group of those who support the community. KJV (14): priesthood, priests office - Strongs: H3550 (כְּהֻנָּה)
gm) nefk (כוהנ KWHN) - Priest: KJV (750): priest, chief, officer, prince - Strongs: H3548 (כֹּהֵן)
H) enk (כנה KNH) AC: Support CO: Flatter AB: ?: Words or names that are given in support of another.
V) enk (כנה KNH) - Flatter: To give words or a name of honor. KJV (4): (vf: Piel) surname, flattering title - Strongs: H3655 (כָּנָה)
J) nfk (כונ KWN) AC: Firm CO: Foundation AB: ?
V) nfk (כונ KWN) - Firm: To set something firmly in place, either physically or with words. KJV (219): (vf: Niphal, Hiphil, Hophal) prepare, establish, ready, provide, right, fix, set, direct, order, fashion, certain, confirm, firm - Strongs: H3559 (כּוּן)
Nm) nfk (כונ KWN) - Cake: As firmly pressed. KJV (2): cake - Strongs: H3561 (כַּוָּן)
am) nfkm (מכונ MKWN) - Foundation: A firm place of support. KJV (17): place, habitation, foundation - Strongs: H4349 (מָכוֹן)
if1) enfkt (תכונה TKWNH) - Foundation: KJV (1): seat - Strongs: H8499 (תְּכוּנָה)
- A2267 Xnk (Gather)
- A2268 Onk (Lower, Bundle, Humility)
- A2894 Plt (Hang)
- A2271 Snk (Gather)
- A2272 Tnk (Associate)
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Pi`el denominative act as priest; — Perfect כִּהֵן Exodus 40:13; 1 Chronicles 5:36; 3 masculine plural כִּהֲנוּ Exodus 28:41; Exodus 40:15; Imperfect 3 masculine singular יְכַהֵן Numbers 3:4 2t.; plural יְכַהֲנוּ 1 Chronicles 24:2; Infinitive construct כַּהֵן Exodus 29:1 11t.; suffix כַּהֲנוֺ Exodus 28:1,3,4. —
1 minister as a priest, absolute Exodus 31:10; Exodus 35:19; Exodus 39:41; Leviticus 16:32; Numbers 3:3,4 (all P); לִי׳כ minister to me (׳י) Exodus 28:1,3,4,41; Exodus 29:1,44; Exodus 30:30; Exodus 40:13,15 (all P), Ezekiel 44:13; Hosea 4:6; ליהוה׳כ Leviticus 7:35 (P), 1 Chronicles 5:36; 1 Chronicles 24:2; 2 Chronicles 11:14 (always of Aaron and his sons, except Ezekiel 44:13; 2 Chronicles 11:14, where Levites are forbidden to minister; and Hosea 4:6 of Israel, whose national priesthood is taken away).
2 be or become priest Deuteronomy 10:6 (E ?).
3 play the priest: כֶּחָתָן יְכַהֵן מְּאֵר Isaiah 61:10 as a bridegroom ( that) priests it with his turban, decks himself with a splendid turban such as the priests wore.
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כָּהַן unused in Kal. Arab. كَهَنَ and كَهُنَ Conj. I. and V. to presage, to predict, كِهَازَةُ the art of augury, and كَاهِنُ a prophet, a soothsayer, often used amongst the heathen Arabs; hence, one who undertakes any one’s cause, his deputy, delegate, to use the words of Firuzabadi (Kamûs, p. 1799); مَنْ يَقُومُ بَامْرِ الرَّجُلِ ويسعى فىِ حَاجَته he who stands up in any one’s matter, and labours in his cause. The signification of priest is kindred in Heb. כֹּהֵן, inasmuch as prophets and priests were alike supposed to intercede between the gods and men. Syr. ܟܗܰܢ to be rich, opulent, ܟܰܗܝܺܢܐܳ rich, abundant, ܟܰܗܝܺܢܘܽܬܐܳ riches, abundance, glory; all which ideas are secondary, and appear to be deduced from the condition of the priests. (As to the signification of ministering, which has been inaccurately [?] attributed to this root, I have lately made observations, in pref. to Hebr. Lex. Germ. ed. III., p. xxxiii.)
(1) to be or become a priest, Deuteronomy 10:6. (Syr. ܟܰܗܶܢ.)
(2) to minister as a priest, to use the office of priest, Exodus 31:10 often followed by לַיהֹוָה Exodus 28:41, 40:13, 15 Exodus 40:15; Hosea 4:6.
(3) from the use in Syriac, Isaiah 61:10, כֶּחָתָן יְכַהֵן פְּאֵר “as a bridegroom makes splendid his head-dress.” So Symm., Vulg., Syr. Hence
Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org.
Copyright 1999-2023. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.