Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #3547 - כָּהַן
1) to act as a priest, minister in a priest’s office
1a1) to minister as a priest, serve as a priest
1a2) to be or become a priest
1a3) to play the priest
1244) nk (כנ KN) AC: Stand CO: Root AB: Sure: The pictograph k is a picture of the open palm, the n is a picture of a seed. Combined these mean "opening of a seed". When the seed opens the roots begin to form the base of the plant by going down into the soil. The plant rises out of the ground forming the stalk of the plant. A tall tree can only stand tall and firm because of the strong root system which supports it.
Nm) nk (כנ KN) - I. So:A firmness in a situation. [Hebrew and Aramaic] II. Firm:A standing tall and firm. An upright person of column. III. Base:The base which provides support as well as a persons home or family as a base. IV. Gnat:Possibly as a firm standing insect. [Unknown connection to root] KJV (74): foot, estate, base, office, place, well, so, thus, like, well, such, howbeit, state, after, that, following, therefore, wherefore, lice, manner - Strongs: H3651 (כֵּן), H3652 (כֵּן), H3653 (כֵּן), H3654 (כֵּן)
Nm) nka (אכנ AKN) - Surely: To be firm in something. [df: Ka] KJV (40): also, but, certainly, even, howbeit, least, nevertheless, notwithstanding, only, save, scarce, surely, sure, truly, verily, wherefore, yet - Strongs: H389 (אַךְ), H403 (אָכֵן)
V) nek (כהנ KHN) - Adorn: To put on special ornaments or garments for a special office or event. (see Isaiah 61:10) KJV (23): (vf: Piel) minister, execute, deck, office, priest - Strongs: H3547 (כָּהַן)
V) nfk (כונ KWN) - Firm: To set something firmly in place, either physically or with words. KJV (219): (vf: Niphal, Hiphil, Hophal) prepare, establish, ready, provide, right, fix, set, direct, order, fashion, certain, confirm, firm - Strongs: H3559 (כּוּן)
Jeff Brenner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
כָּהַן unused in Kal. Arab. كَهَنَ and كَهُنَ Conj. I. and V. to presage, to predict, كِهَازَةُ the art of augury, and كَاهِنُ a prophet, a soothsayer, often used amongst the heathen Arabs; hence, one who undertakes any one’s cause, his deputy, delegate, to use the words of Firuzabadi (Kamûs, p. 1799); مَنْ يَقُومُ بَامْرِ الرَّجُلِ ويسعى فىِ حَاجَته he who stands up in any one’s matter, and labours in his cause. The signification of priest is kindred in Heb. כֹּהֵן, inasmuch as prophets and priests were alike supposed to intercede between the gods and men. Syr. ܟܗܰܢ to be rich, opulent, ܟܰܗܝܺܢܐܳ rich, abundant, ܟܰܗܝܺܢܘܽܬܐܳ riches, abundance, glory; all which ideas are secondary, and appear to be deduced from the condition of the priests. (As to the signification of ministering, which has been inaccurately [?] attributed to this root, I have lately made observations, in pref. to Hebr. Lex. Germ. ed. III., p. xxxiii.)
(1) to be or become a priest, Deuteronomy 10:6. (Syr. ܟܰܗܶܢ.)
(2) to minister as a priest, to use the office of priest, Exodus 31:10 often followed by לַיהֹוָה Exodus 28:41, 40:13, 15 Exodus 40:15; Hosea 4:6.
(3) from the use in Syriac, Isaiah 61:10, כֶּחָתָן יְכַהֵן פְּאֵר “as a bridegroom makes splendid his head-dress.” So Symm., Vulg., Syr. Hence
the Second Week of Lent