Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #2414 - Ἱεροσόλυμα
Jerusalem = "set ye double peace"
- denotes either the city itself or the inhabitants
- "the Jerusalem that now is", with its present religious institutions, i.e. the Mosaic system, so designated from its primary external location
- "Jerusalem that is above", that is existing in heaven, according to the pattern of which the earthly Jerusalem was supposed to be built
- metaph. "the City of God founded by Christ", now wearing the form of the church, but after Christ's return to put on the form of the perfected Messianic kingdom
- "the heavenly Jerusalem", that is the heavenly abode of God, Christ, the angels, saints of the Old and New Testament periods and those Christians that are alive at Christ's return
- "the New Jerusalem", a splendid visible city to be let down from heaven after the renovation of the world, the future abode of the blessed
(WH, Ἰερ -, v. Intr., § 408), -ων , τά (on πᾶσα Ἱ ., Matthew 2:3, v. WM, 794; M, Pr., 48, 244; Thayer, s.v.), and Ἱερουσαλήμ (WH, Ἰερ -), ἡ ., indecl., as always in LXX exc. some parts of Apocr.. (Heb. H3389), the former always in FlJ, Mk, Jo EV. and Mt (except. Matthew 27:37), and most freq. in Lk, the latter always in He, Re, and by St. Paul (except. Galatians 1:17-18; Galatians 2:1), Jerusalem: Matthew 2:1, Mark 3:8, John 1:19, al.; its inhabitants, Matthew 2:3; Matthew 3:5; Matthew 23:37, Luke 13:34, Symbolically, ἡ - ἄνω Ἱ ., Galatians 4:26, contrasted with ἡ νῦν Ἱ ., Galatians 4:25; Ἱ . ἐπουράνιος , Hebrews 12:22; ἡ καινὴ Ἱ ., Revelation 3:12; Revelation 21:2; Revelation 21:10.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
This Greek neut. plur. form of the Hebraic Ἱερουσαλήμ is found in the important P Leid Wxxiii. 18 (ii/iii A.D.) τὸ μέγα (ὄνομα) τὸ ἐν Ἱεροσολύμοις. It lies outside our purpose to discuss the usage of the two forms in the NT, but, as showing that a real distinction was present to the minds of Lk and Paul, reference may be made to Harnack Acts, p. 76 ff., Ramsay, Exp VII. iii. pp. 110 ff., 414 f., and Bartlet, ExpT xiii. p. 157 f. But see contra the elaborate paper by Schütz in ZNTW xi. (1910) p. 169 ff. WH (Intr..8 p. 13) refuse the rough breathing as due to a ";false association with ἱερός,"; but cf. Moulton Gr. ii. p. 101. The fem. πᾶσα Ἱεροσόλυμα, as in Matthew 2:8, cf. Tobit 14:4 B, is found in Pelagia-Legenden, p. 14.14. Have we here an anticipation of the MGr indeclinable πᾶσα ? queries Blass-Debrunner, § 56, 3.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
the Second Week after Epiphany