Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #2515 - καθέδρα
- a chair, a seat
- used of the exalted seat occupied by men of eminent rank or influence, as teachers and judges
1. seat, κ. τοῦ λαγῶ a hare's seat or form, X. Cyn. 4.4; chair, Herod.Med. ap. Orib. 6.25.1, CPR 22.8 (ii A.D.), Hdn. 2.3.7; opp. κλίνη, Plu. 2.714e; of rowers' seats, Plb. 1.21.2; κ. λοιμῶν, πρεσβυτέρων, LXX Ps. 1.1, 106(107).32.
2. sitting part, posteriors, Hp. Int. 47, Poll. 2.184, PRyl. 63.10 (iii A.D.).
3. base of a column, Str. 17.1.46.
1. sitting posture, Arist. Cat. 6b11, PA 689b21, Thphr. Lass. 5, 7, Plu. 2.45c, etc.
2. sitting idle, inaction, ἐν τῇ καθέδρᾳ Th. 2.18; κ. καὶ σχολή Plu. Cam. 28.
3. session, Luc. JTr. 11.
III chair of a teacher, ἐπὶ τῆς Μωυσέως κ. ἐκάθισαν Matthew 23:2; professorial chair, ἐπὶ τῆς κ. σοφιστής SIG 845 (Eleusis, iii A.D.). imperial throne, τὸν ἐπὶ τῇ κ. τοῦ Αὐτοκράτορος, the Emperor's representative, BSA 27.234 (Sparta, ii A.D.).
καθ -έδρα , -ας , ἡ
(< κατά , + ἔδρα , a seat),
[in LXX for H4186 and cogn. forms;]
a chair, seat: Matthew 21:12, Mark 11:16; of teachers, Matthew 23:2.†
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
καθέδρα is used instead of βῆμα in Ev. Petr. 3, perhaps, as Swete (ad l.) suggests, because of its Jewish associations Psalms 106:32 [MT Psalms 107:32], Matthew 23:2). From the Κοινή we may cite BGU III. 717.14 (A.D. 149) κόφιν [ος ], καθέδρα, μυροθήκη, πάντα ξύλινα, and the astrological P Ryl II. 63.10 (iii/A.D.) Σκορπείου καθέδρα, where the word is used = ";the posterior."; For the diminutive καθεδράριον, ";stool,"; cf. P Oxy VI. 963 (ii/iii A.D.) χάριν δέ σοι οἶδα, μῆτερ, ἐπὶ τῇ σπουδῇ τοῦ καθεδραρίου, ἐκομισάμην γὰρ αὐτό. Καθέδρα occurs with reference to the sophistical chair occupied by Nicagoras in mid. iii/A.D. in Syll 382.2 instead of the usual θρόνος (cf. Philostratus Vit. Soph. 618 τὸν Ἀθήνησι τῶν σοφιστῶν θρόνον κατασχών, of Nicagoras). The holder of this chair seems to have ranked above the other professors, cf. Walden Universities of Ancient Greece, p. 94.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
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