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Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #2574 - κάμηλος
(as in Ar. Av. 1563),
1. camel, Camelus bactrianus and C. dromedarius (cf. Arist. HA 499a13), A. Supp. 285, etc.; τοὺς ἔρσενας τῶν κ. Hdt. 3.105; κ. ἀμνός a camel -lamb, i.e. young camel, Ar. Av. 1559 (lyr.); κ. δρομάς Plu. Alex. 31: prov., κάμηλον καταπίνειν Matthew 23:24; cf. κάμιλος.
2. ἡ κ. camelry, Hdt. 1.80. (Semitic word, cf. Hebr. gâmâl.)
κάμηλος , -ου , ὁ , ἡ ,
[in LXX for H1580;]
camel: Matthew 3:4, Mark 1:6; in proverbs, Matthew 19:24; Matthew 23:24, Mark 10:25, Luke 18:25 (on the v.l. κάμιλος , v. WH, Notes, 151).†
κάμιλος , v.s. κάμηλος , and cf. Thayer; LS, s.v.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
In P Tebt I. 252 (B.C. 95–4 or 62–1) 1 talent is paid for ]. ρης καμή (λων ?), but, as will be observed, the editors regard the completion of the word as doubtful, and the doubt is increased when we note that this is the only reference to camels as beasts of burden that we can produce from Ptolemaic times. In Imperial times, on the other hand, they are constantly referred to, as in the custom-house receipt P Ryl II. 197.2 ff. (late ii/A.D.) τετελ (ώνηται) διὰ πύλης Σοκνοπ (αίου) Νήσου ρ ν Σαραπίων ἐξάγ (ων) ἐπὶ καμήλ (ῳ) α ̄ μιᾷ λαχανοσπέρμ (ου) ἀρτάβ (ας) ἓξ τελ (ούσας) (δραχμὰς) πέντε, ";paid at the custom-house of Socnopaei Nesus for the tax of .1/100 and .1/50 by Sarapion, exporting on one camel six artabae of vegetable-seed paying five drachmae"; (Edd.), and in the illiterate P Oxy VII. 1069.17 (iii/A.D.)τάχα γὰρ δυνασθῶμεν φο [ρ ]υτρείσε (l. φο [ρ ]ετρίσαι) σοι δύω καμήλους [πυ ]ρ ̣οῦ καὶ πέμψε πρὸ σέν, ";for we may be able to load two camels with wheat for you and to send them to you"; (Ed.). BGU I. 352.11 (A.D. 135–6) mentions as registered—καμήλους τελείους τρεῖς, and similarly in P Lond 328.7 (A.D. 163) (= II. p. 75) the writer announces that of the two camels and a foal (καμήλων δύο καὶ πώλου) which he possessed in the previous year, one has been requisitioned εἰς κυριακὰς χρείας, ";for Imperial service"; : he therefore returns two camels for the current year—.15 τοὺς δὲ λοιποὺς καμήλους β ̄ ἀπογρ (άφομαι) εἰς τὸ ἐνεστὸς (ἔτος). For the diminutive see P Hamb I. 54.7 (ii/iii A.D.) ἕτερα β ̄ καμήλια. In P Oxy III. 498.8 (ii/A.D.) we read of ";squared building-stones transportable by camel";—λίθων κύβων καμηλικῶν, though too heavy for other beasts : this is remarkably like μύλος ὀνικός in Mark 9:42. Cf. also OGIS 629.16 (A.D. 137) τεσσάρων γόμων καμηλικῶν τέλος ἐπράχθη : so .35, .88. On the τέλεσμα καμήλων see Wilcken Ostr. i. p. 378.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
the Third Week after Epiphany