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Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #261 - ἀμαθής
- unlearned, ignorant
ἀμαθ-ής, ές, (μαθεῖν)
1. ignorant, stupid, Hdt. 1.33, Democr. 169, etc.; ἔθνεα ἀμαθέστατα Hdt. 4.46; ἀνὴρ πένης, εἰ καὶ γένοιτο μὴ ἀ. E. Supp. 421, al., Ar. Nu. 135; ἀ. καὶ βδελυρός Id. Eq. 193; ἀμαθεστάτους πάντων ἀνθρώπων And. 2.2; ἀ. τὴν [ἐκείνων] ἀμαθίαν Pl. Revelation 22:1-21 e; opp. δεξιός, Th. 3.82; of animals, such as wild boars, unmanageable, θυμώδη καὶ ἀ. Arist. HA 488b14: c. gen. rei, without knowledge of a thing, unlearned in it, -έστερος τοῦ καλοῦ E. Or. 417; λῃστείας Th. 4.41, cf. 3.37; ἀ. περί τινος Pl. Erx. 394e; τι La. 194d; πρός τι Lg. 679d. Adv. -θῶς ignorantly, through ignorance, ἥμαρτον E. Ph. 874: Comp. -έστερον, τῶν νόμων ὑπεροψίας παιδεύεσθαι to be educated with too little learning to despise the laws, Th. 1.84; -έστερόν πως εἰπὲ καὶ σαφέστερον less learnedly, Ar. Ra. 1445. of moral defects, unfeeling, inhuman, ἀ. τις εἶ θεός E. HF 347.
2. of things, ἀ. παρρησία boorish freedom of speech, E. Or. 905; ἀ. ῥώμη brute force, Id. Fr. 732; ἀ. δύναμις Plu. Demetr. 42; ἀ. φρόνημα barbarous pride, E. Heracl. 459. II not heard of, unknown, ἀ. ἔρρει E. Ion 916. Adv. ἀμαθῶς, χωρῆσαι, of events, to take an unforeseen course, Th. 1.140.
** ἀμαθής , -ές
(< μανθάνω ),
[in Sm.: Psalms 49:11*;]
unlearned, ignorant: 2 Peter 3:16 (on the rareness of this word, v. MM, VGT, s.v.).†
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
From the Hellenistic period, but in the local dialect, is the well-known Epidaurus inscription, Syll 802 (iii/B.C.) : here in l.39 we have ὑπόμναμα τᾶς ἀμαθίας , of a votive silver pig offered in the shrine. The adj. (2 Peter 3:16) might from its NT record be literary. J. B. Mayor (in loc.) remarks, ";It is strange that so common a word as ἀμαθής should not be found elsewhere in the NT or LXX, its place being taken by such words as ἰδιώτης (Acts 4:13, 1 Corinthians 14:16; 1 Corinthians 14:23), or ἀγράμματος (Acts 4:13), or ὁ ἀγνοῶν (Hebrews 5:2)."; But our failure to find exx. from Hellenistic sources agrees with this absence.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
the Third Week after Epiphany