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Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #2710 - καταχράομαι
- to use much or excessively or ill
- to use up, consume by use
- to use fully
From G2596 and G5530
** κατα -χράομαι , -ῶμαι ,
[in LXX: Ep. Je.28, 3 Maccabees 4:5; 3 Maccabees 5:22*;]
to make full use of, use to the uttermost, use up: 1 Corinthians 7:31; c. dat., 1 Corinthians 9:18 (for other senses, v. LS, s.v.)..†
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
The intensive force of this compound ";use up,"; ";use to the full,"; which is found in 1 Corinthians 7:31, may be illustrated from P Oxy II. 281.14 (A.D. 20–50) where a woman lodges a complaint against her husband—ὁ δὲ Σαραπίων καταχρησάμενος τῆι φερνῇ εἰς ὃν ἠβούλετο λόγον οὐ διέλειπεν κακουχῶν με καὶ ὑβρί [ζ ]ων, ";but Sarapion, having squandered my dowry as he pleased, continually ill-treated and insulted me";(Edd.) : and similarly P Tebt II. 334.12 (A.D. 200–1) where a woman complains that, after the death of her parents, her husband carried off all that they had left her to his house—κ ̣[αὶ αὐ ]τὸς κατα ̣[χρῆται, ";and is using it up"; (Edd.). Cf. also BGU IV. 1105.17 (c. B.C. 10) ὁ δὲ ] διαβαλλόμενος Ἀσκληπιάδης ε ̣̓π ̣ε ̣[ὶ ἐ ]νέα ̣ι ̣ν ̣ε ̣ δ ̣ι ̣ὰ ̣ τῆς συμβιώσε ̣ ω ̣ς ̣ [ἀ ]π ̣ο ̣, μ ̣η ̣δ ̣ν ̣ο ̣, ς ̣ καταχρησάμεν ̣ο ̣ς ̣ τ ̣ο ̣ῖς ̣ π ̣ρ ̣ο ̣κειμένοις κακουχία ̣ς ̤ (sic) μ ̣ε ̣ καὶ καθυβρίζει καὶ τὰς χεῖρας ἐπιφέρων χρῆται ὡς ο ̣υ ̣̓δ ̣ε ̣, ἀρ ̣γυρω ̣ν ̣ήτ ̣ωι, ib. 1133.10 (B.C. 18) αὐτο (ὺς) δὲ τῷ παντ (ὶ) [εἰς τ ]ὸ ἴδιο (ν) κατακεχρῆσθαι.
On the other hand the verb is practically = the simplex in P Petr III. 39ii. 15 τοῦ προσηγμ [ένου καὶ ] κατακεχρημένου [θ ]ρύου with reference to rushes used in irrigation works, ib. 46(3).3 πλίνθου καταχρησθείσης εἰς τοὺς οἰκοδομηθέντας τοίχους, P Oxy III. 494.20 (A.D. 156), a will in which the testator leaves to his wife certain monies—καταχρᾶσθαι εἰς τὸ ἴδιον, ";to use for her personal requirements,"; and Preisigke 4630.15 (ii/A.D.) ἐκ τῶν παρασκευασθέντων ἡμῖν πρὸς τὸ δ ̣[ῖ ]πνον κατάχρησαι. From the inscrr. we may cite Syll 653.62 (B.C. 91) μηδὲ γραψάτω μηθεὶς δόγμα, ὅτι δεῖ ταῦτα τὰ διάφορα εἰς ἄλλο τι καταχρήσασθαι, OGIS 669.19 (i/A.D.) οἱ τῆι πρωτοπραξίᾳ πρὸς ἃ μὴ <ι > δεῖ καταχρώμενοι.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
the Week of Proper 25 / Ordinary 30