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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Strong's #2710 - καταχράομαι

from (G2596) and (G5530)
Parts of Speech
  1. to use much or excessively or ill
  2. to use up, consume by use
  3. to use fully
Frequency Lists  
  1. Book
  2. Word
  3. Parsing
KJV (2)
1 Corinthians
NAS (6)
1 Corinthians
HCS (2)
1 Corinthians
BSB (2)
1 Corinthians
ESV (2)
1 Corinthians
WEB (2)
1 Corinthians
Verse Results
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions


From G2596 and G5530

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

** κατα -χράομαι , -ῶμαι ,

[in LXX: Ep. Je.28, 3 Maccabees 4:5; 3 Maccabees 5:22*;]

to make full use of, use to the uttermost, use up: 1 Corinthians 7:31; c. dat., 1 Corinthians 9:18 (for other senses, v. LS, s.v.)..†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

The intensive force of this compound ";use up,"; ";use to the full,"; which is found in 1 Corinthians 7:31, may be illustrated from P Oxy II. 281.14 (A.D. 20–50) where a woman lodges a complaint against her husband—ὁ δὲ Σαραπίων καταχρησάμενος τῆι φερνῇ εἰς ὃν ἠβούλετο λόγον οὐ διέλειπεν κακουχῶν με καὶ ὑβρί [ζ ]ων, ";but Sarapion, having squandered my dowry as he pleased, continually ill-treated and insulted me";(Edd.) : and similarly P Tebt II. 334.12 (A.D. 200–1) where a woman complains that, after the death of her parents, her husband carried off all that they had left her to his house—κ ̣[αὶ αὐ ]τὸς κατα ̣[χρῆται, ";and is using it up"; (Edd.). Cf. also BGU IV. 1105.17 (c. B.C. 10) ὁ δὲ ] διαβαλλόμενος Ἀσκληπιάδης ε ̣̓π ̣ε ̣[ὶ ἐ ]νέα ̣ι ̣ν ̣ε ̣ δ ̣ι ̣ ̣ τῆς συμβιώσε ̣ ω ̣ς ̣ [ ]π ̣ο ̣, μ ̣η ̣δ ̣ν ̣ο ̣, ς ̣ καταχρησάμεν ̣ο ̣ς ̣ τ ̣ο ̣ῖς ̣ π ̣ρ ̣ο ̣κειμένοις κακουχία ̣ς ̤ (sic) μ ̣ε ̣ καὶ καθυβρίζει καὶ τὰς χεῖρας ἐπιφέρων χρῆται ὡς ο ̣υ ̣̓δ ̣ε ̣, ἀρ ̣γυρω ̣ν ̣ήτ ̣ωι, ib. 1133.10 (B.C. 18) αὐτο (ὺς) δὲ τῷ παντ () [εἰς τ ]ὸ ἴδιο (ν) κατακεχρῆσθαι.

On the other hand the verb is practically = the simplex in P Petr III. 39ii. 15 τοῦ προσηγμ [ένου καὶ ] κατακεχρημένου [θ ]ρύου with reference to rushes used in irrigation works, ib. 46(3).3 πλίνθου καταχρησθείσης εἰς τοὺς οἰκοδομηθέντας τοίχους, P Oxy III. 494.20 (A.D. 156), a will in which the testator leaves to his wife certain monies—καταχρᾶσθαι εἰς τὸ ἴδιον, ";to use for her personal requirements,"; and Preisigke 4630.15 (ii/A.D.) ἐκ τῶν παρασκευασθέντων ἡμῖν πρὸς τὸ δ ̣[ ]πνον κατάχρησαι. From the inscrr. we may cite Syll 653.62 (B.C. 91) μηδὲ γραψάτω μηθεὶς δόγμα, ὅτι δεῖ ταῦτα τὰ διάφορα εἰς ἄλλο τι καταχρήσασθαι, OGIS 669.19 (i/A.D.) οἱ τῆι πρωτοπραξίᾳ πρὸς ἃ μὴ <ι > δεῖ καταχρώμενοι.


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
καταχρησασθαι καταχρήσασθαι καταχρύσεα καταχρύσωσε καταχρυσώσεις καταχρύσωσεν καταχρωμενοι καταχρώμενοι κατάχυσις καταχωρίσαι καταχώσουσιν κατέχρισεν κατεχρύσωσε κατεχρύσωσεν κατεχωρίσθη katachresasthai katachrēsasthai katachrḗsasthai katachromenoi katachrōmenoi katachrṓmenoi
Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for Copyright 1999-2021. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.
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