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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #2723 - κατηγορέω

Transliteration
katēgoréō
Phonetics
kat-ay-gor-eh'-o
Root Word (Etymology)
from (G2725)
Parts of Speech
verb
TDNT
3:637,422
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κατηγορία
Definition   
Thayer's
  1. to accuse
    1. before a judge: to make an accusation
    2. of an extra-judicial accusation
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (24)
Matthew 2
Mark 2
Luke 4
John 3
Acts 11
Romans 1
Revelation 1
NAS (28)
Matthew 2
Mark 5
Luke 5
John 3
Acts 11
Romans 1
Revelation 1
CSB (23)
Matthew 2
Mark 3
Luke 4
John 3
Acts 9
Romans 1
Revelation 1
BSB (23)
Matthew 2
Mark 3
Luke 4
John 3
Acts 9
Romans 1
Revelation 1
ESV (19)
Matthew 1
Mark 2
Luke 2
John 3
Acts 9
Romans 1
Revelation 1
WEB (25)
Matthew 2
Mark 2
Luke 5
John 3
Acts 11
Romans 1
Revelation 1
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

κατηγορ-έω,

1. speak against, esp. before judges, accuse, opp. ἀπολογέομαι, c. gen., Hdt. 2.113, 8.60, Lys. 14.21, Ar. Pl. 1073, etc.; τῆς πόλεως Pl. Mx. 244e: less freq. κατά τινος X. HG 1.7.9; κ. τινὸς πρὸς τὴν πόλιν denounce him publicly, Pl. Euthphr. 2c; κατηγόρεις [αὐτῶν] ὡς λέγοιεν you accused them of saying, D. 21.134, cf. X. HG 7.1.38; κ. τινὸς ὅτι.. ib. 1.7.17; τῶν ἱππέων ἐλθὼν πρὸς ὑμᾶς εἰς τὴν ἐκκλησίαν κατηγόρει D. 21.197; τῆς ἐμῆς [τύχης] κατηγορεῖς Id. 18.266, cf. Isoc. 3.4.

2. κ. τί τινος bring as a charge against a person, accuse him of it, δείν' ἔπη μου S. OT 514, cf. E. Or. 28, etc.; τῶν ἄλλων μωρίαν X. Mem. 1.3.4; ὃς ἐμοῦ Φιλιππισμὸν κατηγορεῖ D. 18.294; κ. τι κατά τινος Hyp. Eux. 23; τινὸς περί τινος And. 1.110, Th. 8.85: c. inf., κ. τινὸς παθεῖν τι Pl. Grg. 482c: c. dupl. gen., παρανόμων κ. τινός D. 21.5.

3. c. acc. rei only, allege in accusation, Hdt. 2.113; μωρίαν ἐμήν E. Heracl. 418; τὴν πονηρίαν τῶν γονέων Pl. Prt. 346a; τὰ γεγονότα κ. Antipho 1.10, cf. Ar. V. 932, Ra. 996 (lyr.), Lys. 13.31, D. 19.9: Pass., to be brought as an accusation against, κατηγορεῖτο τοὐπίκλημα τοῦτό μου; S. OT 529; ἀδικία πολλὴ κ. αὐτοῦ Th. 1.95; τὰ πρῶτά μου ψευδῆ -ημένα the first false charges brought against me, Pl. Revelation 18:1-24 a, cf. Lys. 16.9; τὰ -ηθέντα Antipho 5.85, And. 1.24; τἀδικήμαθ' ἃ κατηγορεῖται D. 21.136: impers., folld. by inf., σφέων.. κατηγόρητο μηδίζειν a charge had been brought against them that.., Hdt. 7.205; κατηγορεῖτό τινος ὡς βαρβαρίζοι X. HG 5.2.35; κατηγορουμένου δ' αὐτοῦ, ὅτι.. a charge being brought against him, that.., ib. 3.5.25. rarely in Pass., of the person, to be accused, οἱ κατηγορούμενοι And. 1.7, cf. Luc. Tim. 38 (s.v.l.).

4. abs., to be an accuser, appear as prosecutor, Ar. V. 840, 842, Pl. 917, Pl. Revelation 18:1-24 e, etc.

II

1. signify, indicate, prove, c.acc.rei, [ τὸ νεαρὸν] κ. τὴν ὀλιγοετίαν X. Cyr. 1.4.3, cf. Plu. 2.695d, Adam. 1.5,al.; ἀσθένειαν μᾶλλον ἢ δύναμιν Plot. 4.6.3; display, οἱ πολλὴν -οῦντες ἀπειροκαλίαν Luc. Nigr. 21: c. gen. pers., εὖ γὰρ φρονοῦντος ὄμμα σοῦ κατηγορεῖ A. Ag. 271, cf. E. Fr. 690, S. Aj. 907, etc.; ὠκύτητα κ. τοῦ κυνός Philostr. Im. 2.26.

2. folld. by relat., declare, assert, αὐτὸ κατηγορέει τὸ οὔνομα ὡς ἔστι Ἑλληνικόν Hdt. 3.115; κ. ὅτι.. Id. 4.189, Pl. Phd. 73b (impers.): abs., make a definite assertion, Id. Tht. 208b.

III

1. in Logic, predicate of a person or thing, τί τινος Arist. Cat. 3a19,al., Epicur. Fr. 250; κυρίως, καταχρηστικῶς κ., Phld. Po. 5.15; ἐναντίως ὑπὲρ τῶν αὐτῶν Id. Oec. p.60 J.: more freq. in Pass., to be predicated of.., τινος Arist. Cat. 2a21, APr. 26b9, al.; κατά τινος Id. Cat. 2a37; κατὰ παντὸς ἢ μηδενός Id. APr. 24a15: less freq. ἐπί τινος Id. Metaph. 998b16, 999a15; so later ἐφ' ἑνὸς οἴονται θεοῦ ἑκάτερον τῶν ὀνομάτων -εῖσθαι D.H. 2.48; περί τινος Arist. Top. 140b37; τὸ κοινῇ -ούμενον ἐπὶ πᾶσιν Id. SE 179a8: abs., τὸ κατηγορούμενον the predicate, opp. τὸ ὑποκείμενον (the subject), Id. Cat. 1b11, cf. Metaph. 1043a6, al.; κατηγορεῖν καὶ -εῖσθαι to be subject and predicate, Id. APr. 47b1.

2. affirm, opp. ἀπαρνέομαι, ib. 41a10. Adv. κατηγορουμένως categorically, roundly, Phld. Ir. p.90 W.

Thayer's Expanded Definition

κατηγορέω, κατηγόρω; imperfect κατηγόρουν; future κατηγορήσω; 1 aorist κατηγόρησα; present passive κατηγοροῦμαι; (κατά and ἀγορεύω, properly, to speak against (cf. κατά, III. 7) in court, in the assembly of the people), to accuse;

a. before a judge: absolutely (to make accusation), Acts 24:2, 19; τίνος, to accuse one, Matthew 12:10; Mark 3:2; Luke 6:7 T Tr text WH; R L Tr brackets; ; John 8:6; Acts 25:5; Acts 28:19; with the addition of a genitive of the thing of which one is accused (as Demosthenes 515 at the end): Acts 24:8; Acts 25:11 (unless it be thought preferable to regard the relative in these instances as in the genitive by attraction (so Buttmann, § 132, 16 at the end), since the common construction in Greek authors is κατηγόρουν τί τίνος, cf. Matthiae, § 370 Anm. 2, p. 849f, and § 378, p. 859; cf. Winer's Grammar, § 30, 9a.); τίνος περί τίνος, Acts 24:13 (Thucydides 8, 85; Xenophon, Hell. 1, 7, 2); with the genitive of person and accusative of the thing, Mark 15:3 (unless πολλά should be taken adverbially: much, vehemently); πόσα, Mark 15:4 L T Tr WH (Euripides, Or. 28); followed by κατά with the genitive of person, Luke 23:14 (Xenophon, Hell. 1, 7, 9 (cf. Winers Grammar, § 28, 1; p. 431 (402); Buttmann, § 132, 16)); passive to be accused (as 2 Macc. 10:13; Xenophon, Hell. 3, 5, 25; cf. Buttmann, § 134, 4): ὑπό τίνος, Matthew 27:12; Acts 22:30 L T Tr WH for Rec. παρά (τό τί κτλ., why (A. V. wherefore) he was accused; unless it is to be explained, what accusation was brought forward etc.); κατηγορούμενος, Acts 25:16.

b. of an extra-judicial accusation (Xenophon, mem. 1, 3, 4): absolutely, Romans 2:15; τίνος, John 5:45 (cf. Buttmann, 295 (254)); Revelation 12:10 R G Tr: solecistically τινα, Revelation 12:10 L T WH (cf. Buttmann, § 132, 16). [SYNONYMS: αἰτίασθαι, διαβάλλειν, ἐγκάλειν, ἐπικάλειν, κατηγορεῖν: αἰτίασθαι to accuse with primary reference to the ground of accusation (αἰτία), the crime; κατηγορεῖν to accuse formally and before a tribunal bring a charge against (κατά suggestive of animosity) publicly; ἐγκάλειν, to accuse with publicity (καλεῖν), but not necessarily formally or before a tribunal; ἐπικάλειν 'to cry out upon' suggestive of publicity and hostility; διαβάλλειν, properly, to make a verbal assault which reaches its goal (διά); in distinction from the words which allude to authorship (αἰτιάομαι), to judicial procedure (κατηγορέω), or to open averment (ἐγκαλέω, ἐπικαλέω), διαβάλλω expresses the giving currency to a damaging insinuation. διάβολος a secret and calumnious, in distinction from κατήγορος an open and formal, accuser. Schmidt, chapter 5.]


Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

κατηγορέω , -

(< κατά , ἀγορεύω ),

[in LXX: Da LXX Daniel 6:5, (9), 1 Maccabees 7:6; 1 Maccabees 7:25, 2 Maccabees 4:47; 2 Maccabees 10:13; 2 Maccabees 10:21, 4 Maccabees 9:14 *;]

to make accusation, accuse,

(a) in general: absol., Romans 2:15; c. gen. pers. (cl., WM, 254), John 5:45; irreg. c. acc pers., Revelation 12:10;

(b) before a judge: absol., Acts 24:2; Acts 24:19; c. gen. pers., Matthew 12:10, Mark 3:2, Luke 6:7; Luke 11:54 (WH, txt., R, om.), Luke 23:2; Luke 23:10, John 8:6 Acts 25:5; Acts 28:19; id. c. acc rei (cl., but v. WM, l.c.), Mark 15:3-4; c. gen. rei (Dem.), Acts 24:8; Acts 25:11; seq. περί , c. gen. rei (Thuc., viii, 85), Acts 24:13; c. acc rei, seq. κατά c. gen. pers. (WM, § 28, 1), Luke 23:14. Pass. (B1., § 54, 3), seq. ὑπό c. gen., Matthew 27:12, Acts 22:30; ὁ κατηγορούμενος , Acts 25:16.†


Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

For this verb, which has generally a judicial connotation in the NT, cf. P Lond 41.10 (B.C. 161) (= I. p. 28) ὁ δὲ βουκόλος ἐλθὼν κ [α ]τηγόρησεν αὐτὰς λέγων κτλ., ib. 893.18 (A.D. 40) (as published in P Ryl II. p. 381) Ζηνο ̣δ ̣[ο ]τ ̣ο ̣(ς) [π ]ο ̣λλὰ κατηγόρησεν ἐπὶ Φ ̣όλ ̣ω, ";Zenodotus made many charges before Pholus,"; P Oxy II. 237viii. 21 (A.D. 186) εἰ δὲ μή, πάντες ἐροῦσιν ὅτι κατηγορῶ, ";otherwise every one will say that I am your accuser"; (Edd.), and from the inscrr. OGIS 218.95 (iii/B.C.) ἐὰν δὲ χρήματα ἐ [κ ]τείσηι, διπλάσια ἀποτινέ [τ ]ω ὁ κατηγορήσ [ας, Syll 356.8 (c. B.C. 6) τὸ ψήφισμα ἀποδόντες κατηγόρησαν Εὐβούλου. . τεθνεῶτος ἤδη. For the verbal ἀκατηγόρητος see the sepulchral inscr. Preisigke 343 Ἀντωνεῖνε συνεξούσιε. . . ἀκατηγόρητε ὁλόκαλε φιλάνθρωπε κτλ.

 


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
κατηγορειν κατηγορείν κατηγορεῖν κατηγορεισθαι κατηγορείσθαι κατηγορεῖσθαι κατηγορειται κατηγορεῖται κατηγορειτε κατηγορείτε κατηγορεῖτε κατηγορειτωσαν κατηγορείτωσαν κατηγορήσαι κατηγορησω κατηγορήσω κατηγορησωσιν κατηγορήσωσιν κατηγορουμεν κατηγορούμεν κατηγοροῦμεν κατηγορουμενος κατηγορούμενος κατηγορουν κατηγόρουν κατηγορουντες κατηγορούντες κατηγοροῦντες κατηγορουντων κατηγορούντων κατηγορούσι κατηγορούσί κατηγορουσιν κατηγοροῦσιν κατηγοροῦσίν κατηγορων κατηγορών κατηγορῶν kategorein kategoreîn katēgorein katēgoreîn kategoreisthai kategoreîsthai katēgoreisthai katēgoreîsthai kategoreitai kategoreîtai katēgoreitai katēgoreîtai kategoreite kategoreîte katēgoreite katēgoreîte kategoreitosan kategoreítosan katēgoreitōsan katēgoreítōsan kategoreso kategorḗso katēgorēsō katēgorḗsō kategoresosin kategorḗsosin katēgorēsōsin katēgorḗsōsin kategoron kategorôn katēgorōn katēgorō̂n kategoroumen kategoroûmen katēgoroumen katēgoroûmen kategoroumenos kategoroúmenos katēgoroumenos katēgoroúmenos kategoroun kategóroun katēgoroun katēgóroun kategorountes kategoroûntes katēgorountes katēgoroûntes kategorounton kategoroúnton katēgorountōn katēgoroúntōn kategorousin kategoroûsin kategoroûsín katēgorousin katēgoroûsin katēgoroûsín
 
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