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Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #2766 - κέραμος
- clay, potter's earth
- anything made of clay, earthen ware
- a roofing tile
- the roof itself
- the phrase "through the roof", means through the door in the roof to which a ladder or stairway led up from the street (according to the Rabbis distinguish two ways of entering a house, "the way through the door" and "the way through the roof"
rare pl. κέραμα, τά, PPetr. 3P. 327 (iii B.C.): —
I potter's earth, potter's clay, Pl. Ti. 60d, Arist. Mete. 384b19, etc.; κ. ὠμός, ὀπτώμενος, ib. 380b8, 383a21.
II anything made of this earth, as
1 earthen vessel, wine-jar, ἐκ κεράμων μέθυ πίνετο Il. 9.469, cf. Hdt. 3.96; in collective sense, pottery, Ar. Ach. 902, Men. Sam. 75, al.; κ. ἐσάγεται πλήρης οἴνου jars full of wine, Hdt. 3.6, cf. 5.88, Alex. 257.3, etc. jar of other material, κ. ἀργυροῦς Ptol.Euerg. 7J.
2. tile, Ar. V. 1295 (of a tortoise's shell); collectively, tiling, τοῦ τέγους τὸν κέραμον αὐτοῦ χαλάζαις.. ξυντρίψομεν Id. Nu. 1127, cf. Fr. 349, Th. 2.4; Κορίνθιος κ. IG 22.1668.58; Λακωνικός ib.463.69, 1672.188; roof, Pherecr. 130.6, Herod. 3.44, Gal. 8.26, 9.824.
3. pottery (i.e.place of manufacture), ὁ κ. ὁ χυτρικός Tab.Defix.Praef. p.iib.
III dungeon (said by Sch. to be Cyprian), χαλκέῳ ἐν κεράμῳ δέδετο Il. 5.387, cf. Thphr. Char. 6.6 cod. M; pl., Nonn. D. 16.162. (Possibly cogn. with Lat. cremo.)
κέραμος is found = ";jar"; in P Hib I. 54.26 (c. B.C. 245) where amongst various articles wanted reference is made to κέραμον κα ̣[ι ]νόν. For the collective meaning ";tiling,"; as in Luke 5:19, see the accounts dealing with the building of a temple at Delos, Michel 594.52 (B.C. 279) ξύλων καὶ κεράμου, .73 κεράμου ζεύγη : cf. ib. 1387.123 (iii/B.C.) κ ]έραμον τὸν ἐπόντα καὶ θύρας τὰς ἐπούσας.
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the Week of Proper 8 / Ordinary 13