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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #2767 - κεράννυμι

a prolonged form of a more primary kerao {ker-ah'-o} (which is used in certain tenses)
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  1. to mix, mingle
  2. to mix wine, water
  3. to pour out for drinking.
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 4537 ‑ מָסַךְ (maw‑sak');  
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (3)
Revelation 3
NAS (3)
Revelation 3
HCS (3)
Revelation 3
BSB (3)
Revelation 3
ESV (3)
Revelation 3
WEB (3)
Revelation 3
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions


also κερανν-ύω Alc.Com. 15, Hyp. Fr. 69; κεραίω and κεράω (qq.v.); subj. κεραννύω Pl. Phlb. 61b: impf. ἐκεράννυν Luc. VH 1.7: fut. κεράσω [ ] Them. Or. 27p.340D.: aor. ἐκέρᾰσα Hp. VM 3, (ἐν -) Pl. Cra. 427c, poet. κέρᾰσα E. Ba. 127 (lyr.), κέρασσα Od. 5.93, Ion. ἔκρησα Hp. Int. 35: Med., aor. ἐκερᾰσάμην Ti.Locr. 95e, κεράσσατο Od. 18.423: Pass., fut. κραθήσομαι [ ] Pl. 326c, (συγ -) E. Ion 406: aor. ἐκράθην [ ] Th. 6.5, E. Ion 1016, Pl. Phd. 86c; Ion. ἐκρήθην Hp. VM 19; ἐκεράσθην Pl. Phlb. 47c, Ti. 85a, X. An. 5.4.29, Phylarch. 10J.: pf. κέκρᾱμαι Pi. P. 10.41, etc.; Ion. κέκρημαι Hp. VM 13, Acut. 21; κεκέρασμαι Arist. Fr. 549, D.H. Comp. 24, Anacreont. 16.13, etc.: plpf. ἐκέκρᾱτο Sapph. 51.1:

I mix, mingle (diff. from μείγνυμι, v. κρᾶσις):

1 mostly of diluting wine with water, κερῶντάς τ' αἴθοπα οἶνον Od. 24.364; κέρασσε δὲ νέκταρ ἐρυθρόν 5.93; κέρασον ἄκρατον Ar. Ec. 1123, cf. Th. 6.32: abs., τοῖς θεοῖς εὐχόμενοι κεραννύωμεν let us mix a cup of wine, Pl. Phlb. 61b; ἂν μὴ κεράσῃ τις Antiph. 85.2: c. dat. pers., give to drink, ἐν τῷ ποτηρίῳ ᾧ ἐκέρασε κεράσατε αὐτῇ διπλοῦν Revelation 18:6 : Hom. mostly in Med., ὅτε περ.. οἶνον.. ἐνὶ κρητῆρι κέρωνται mix their wine in the bowl, Il. 4.260, cf. Od. 20.253; κρητῆρα κεράσσατο he mixed a bowl, 3.393, 18.423: Pass., πῶς οὖν κέκραται [σκύφος ]; E. Cyc. 557; κύλιξ ἴσον ἴσῳ κεκραμένη a cup mixed half and half, Ar. Pl. 1132; κεκρ. τρία καὶ δύο Id. Eq. 1187, cf. AP 11.137 (Lucill.).

2. temper, cool by mixing, θυμῆρες κεράσασα having mixed (the water) to an agreeable temperature, Od. 10.362.

3. generally, mix, blend, ἡδονὴν φθόνῳ Pl. Phlb. 50a; τοῖς ὀνόμασι τὰ ῥήματα Id. Sph. 262c; νοῦς μετ' αἰσθήσεων κραθείς Id. Lg. 961d, cf. Ti. l.c.; πίστεως αἰσθήσει κεκραμένης Plot. 4.7.15; ἀγωγὴν ἐξἀμφοῖν κ. Phld. Acad.Ind. p.77 M.; [ οὐσία] οὐκ ἀπὸ τῶν ἄκρων κραθεῖσα Jul. Or. 4.139a; of metals, ἀργυρίῳ πρὸς χαλκὸν κεκραμένῳ χρῆσθαι D. 24.214: metaph., temper, regulate, of climates, ὧραι κάλλιστα κεκρημέναι most temperate, Hdt. 3.106; ὧραι μετριώτατα κ. Pl. Criti. 111e; ἔαρ κ. τῇ ὥρᾳ X. Cyn. 5.5; [ πλοῦτον] ἀρετᾷ κεκραμένον Pi. P. 5.2; οὐ γῆρας κέκραται γενεᾷ no old age is mingled with the race, i.e.it knows no old age, ib. 10.41, cf. O. 10(11).104; ἐν ταῖς εὖ κεκρ. πολιτείαις Arist. Pol. 1307b30; of tempers of mind, ἤθει γεννικωτέρῳ κεκρᾶσθαι Pl. Phdr. 279a; τοῖς ἤθεσιν.. τούτοις ἡ φύσις κεράννυται Alex. 278b (iii p.744 K.); of Music, ἁρμονίας ῥυθμοῖς κραθείσας Pl. Lg. 835b; τῆς εὖ κεκραμένης ἁρμονίας Arist. Pol. 1290a26; μετρίως κραθῆναι πρὸς ἄλληλα Pl. Phd. l.c.

II compound, ἐκ τῶν ἐπιτηδευμάτων τὸ ἀνδρείκελον Id. R. 501b; οὐκ ἀπίθανον λόγον Id. Phdr. 265b; θεόσυτος ἢ βρότειος ἢ κεκραμένη; A. Pr. 116; φωνὴ μεταξὺ τῆς τε Χαλκιδέων καὶ Δωρίδος ἐκράθη Th. 6.5.

III Gramm., in Pass., coalesce by crasis, τὸ ῥῆμα καὶ ὁ σύνδεσμος συναλοιφῇ κερασθέντα D.H. Comp. 22. multiply into, ὅταν ὁ τῆς δεκάδος λόγος τῷ τῆς ἑβδομάδος κερασθῇ Theol.Ar. 50.

Thayer's Expanded Definition

κεράννυμι (κεραννύω): 1 aorist ἐκέρασα; perfect passive κεκέρασμαι (for the more common κέκραμαι, cf. Lob. ad Phryn., p. 582; Alexander Buttmann (1873) Ausf. Sprchl. ii., p. 214; Krüger, § 40, under the word, i., p. 175; (Veitch, under the word)); (from Homer down);

1. to mix, mingle.

2. to mix wine and water.

3. to pour out for drinking: τίνι τί, Revelation 18:6 (R. V. mingle); passive, Revelation 14:10; (so Bel and the Dragon, 11; Anthol. 11, 137, 12). (Compare: συγκεράννυμι.) [SYNONYMS: κεράννυμι, μίγνυμι: in strict usage κεράννυμι denotes such a mixing as combines the ingredients into a new compound, chemical mixture; μίγνυμι such a mixing as merely blends or intermingles them promiscuously, mechanical mixture.]

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
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All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

κεράννυμι ,

[in LXX for H4537, Isaiah 5:22, al.;]

to mix, mingle, chiefly of the diluting of wine: Revelation 18:6; by oxymoron, κεκεράσμενος ἄκρατος , Revelation 14:10.†

SYN.: μίγνυμι G3396. κ . implies "a mixing of two things, so that they are blended and forma compound, as in wine and water, whereas μ . implies a mixing without such composition, as in two sorts of grain" (LS, s.v. κρᾶσις ).

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

For the commoner form κεκραμένος as distinguished from the κεκερασμένος of Revelation 14:10, we may cite Syll 616.30 (iii / B.C.) κύλικα οἴνου κεκραμένου, and P Oxy VIII. 1088.55, a medical receipt of early i/A.D., to which the instruction is appended—μετὰ γλυκέως καὶ μέλιτος καὶ στροβίλων κ [ρ ]αμένων (l. κεκραμένων) δὸς πεῖν, ";give to drink with raisin wine and honey and pine-cones mixed"; (Ed.). An interest–ing ex. of the subst. is found in the famous inscr. of Aber–cius, in which a παρθένος ἁγνή (the Virgin Mary or the Church) is described as—.16 οἶνον χρηστὸν ἔχουσα, κέρασμα διδοῦσα μετ᾽ ἄρτου, ";having good wine and giving the mixed cup with bread"; : see Lightfoot Apost. Fathers Part II. i. p. 496 f., Ramsay C. and B. ii. p. 722 ff. MGr κερνῶ, ";pour in,"; ";treat,"; ";regale.";


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
εκέρασα εκέρασε εκερασεν εκέρασεν ἐκέρασεν κεκερασμενου κεκερασμένου κεραννύντες κερασατε κεράσατε ekerasen ekérasen kekerasmenou kekerasménou kerasate kerásate
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