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Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #2778 - κῆνσος
- census (among the Romans, denoting a register and valuation of property in accordance with which taxes were paid), in the NT the tax or tribute levied on individuals and to be paid yearly. (our capitation or poll tax)
- the coin with which the tax is paid, tribute money
I = Lat. census, Matthew 22:19, IGRom. 4.1213 (Thyatira), 3.41 (Nicaea), PAmh. 2.83.2 (iii/iv A.D.).
II poll-tax, Matthew 17:25.
*† κῆνσος , -ον , ὁ
a poll-tax: Matthew 17:25; Matthew 22:17, Mark 12:14 (WH, mg., ἐπικεφάλαιον ); τ . νόμισμα τοῦ κ ., Matthew 22:19 (v. MM, Exp., xv).†
* ἐπι -κεφάλαιον , -ου , τό ,
a poll-tax: Mark 12:14 (WH, mg., for κῆνσον , as in D, Syrr. Sin. pesh., 124, etc.).†
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
An early example of this Latinism = ";capitation-tax"; (Mark 12:14 al.) occurs in what is probably a i/B.C. inscr. from. Bizye—β ]ασιλέα Κό [τυ ](ν) βασλέως Ῥησκουπορέως υἱ [ὸν ] Ῥωμαῖοι οἱ πρώ (τ)ως κατακληθέντες εἰς κῆνσον ἑατῶν θεόν (Annual of Brit. School of Athens xii. p. 178). For the meaning ";census,"; see BGU III. 917.6 (A.D. 348) ἐκ τοῦ ] ἱερ [οῦ ] κήνσου ἐπὶ Σαβίνῳ κηνσίτορι, P Amh II. 83.2 (iii/iv A.D.) ἐν τῷ κήνσῳ τῷ [γενομένῳ ὑπὸ ] Σαβείνου τοῦ κην [σ ]ίτορος.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
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