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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #2825 - κλίνη

Root Word (Etymology)
from (G2827)
Parts of Speech
neuter noun
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  1. a small bed, a couch
  2. a couch to recline on at meals
  3. a couch on which a sick man is carried
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 4296 ‑ מִטָּה (mit‑taw');  4904 ‑ מִשְׁכָּב (mish‑kawb');  6210 ‑ עֶרֶשׂ (eh'‑res);  
Frequency Lists
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KJV (10)
Matthew 2
Mark 3
Luke 3
Acts 1
Revelation 1
N95 (0)
CSB (10)
Matthew 2
Mark 3
Luke 3
Acts 1
Revelation 1
BSB (9)
Matthew 2
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Luke 3
Revelation 1
ESV (10)
Matthew 2
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Luke 3
Acts 1
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WEB (10)
Matthew 2
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Luke 3
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Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

κλῑν-η, ἡ, (κλίνω)


1. that on which one lies, couch, used at meals or for a bed, ἐν κλίνῃ κλῖναί τινας Hdt. 9.16, cf. Ar. Ach. 1090; κλίνην στρῶσαι to make up a couch, Hdt. 6.139, X. Cyr. 8.2.6, IG 22.1315; ἐπὶ κλίνης φερόμενος And. 1.61, cf. SIG 1169.31 (Epid.); ἐκ κλίνης ἀνίστασθαι, after illness, And. 1.64; κ. μιλησιουργὴς ἀμφικέφαλος IG 12.330; κ. ἐπίχρυσοι καὶ ἐπάργυροι Hdt. 1.50, 9.80; κ. ἐλεφαντόποδες Pl.Com. 208.

2. bier, Th. 2.34, Pl. Lg. 947b, IG 12(5).593.6 (Ceos, v B.C.).

3. grave-niche, ib.14.788 (Naples), 871 (Cumae).


1. ἱερὰ κ., = Lat. lectisternium, POxy. 1144.6 (i/ii A.D.), cf. PGnom. 202 (ii A.D.); κ. τοῦ κυρίου Σαράπιδος, of a ceremonial banquet, POxy. 110.2 (ii A.D.).

2. generally, banquet, PSI 5.483.2 (pl., iii B.C.).

Thayer's Expanded Definition

κλίνη, κλίνης, (κλίνω); from Herodotus down; the Sept. for מִטָּה, also for עֶרֶשׁ; a bed: universally, Mark 7:30; Luke 17:34; a couch to recline on at meals, Mark 4:21; Mark 7:4 (T WH omit); Luke 8:16; a couch on which a sick man is carried, Matthew 9:2, 6; Luke 5:18; plural Acts 5:15 R G; βάλλειν εἰς κλίνην, to cast into a bed, i. e. to afflict with disease, Revelation 2:22.

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

κλίνη , -ης ,

(< κλίνω ),

[in LXX chiefly for H4296;]

a bed, couch: Matthew 9:2; Matthew 9:6, Mark 4:21; Mark 7:4; Mark 7:30, Luke 5:18; Luke 8:16; Luke 17:34, Revelation 2:22 (cf. MM, Exp., xv).†

* κλινάριον , -ου , τό ,

dimin, of κλίνη ,

a couch: Acts 5:15 (cf. κλινίδιον ).†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT


An interesting parallel to 1 Corinthians 8:10; 1 Corinthians 10:21, is afforded by P Oxy I. 110.2 (ii/A.D.) ἐρωτᾷ σε Χαιρήμων δειπνῆσαι εἰς κλείνην τοῦ κυρίου Σαράπιδος ἐν τῷ Σαραπείῳ αὔριον, ἥτις ἐστὶν ι ̄ε ̄, ἀπὸ ὥρας θ ̄, where the nature of the invitation points to a ceremonial rather than to a private feast : cf. ib. XII. 1484 (ii/iii A.D.), and see Wilcken Archiv iv. p. 211, Otto Preiester ii. p. 16. See also the temple-account P Oxy VIII. 1144 (i/ii A.D.) δ ̣α ̣π ̣α ̣νης ἱερᾶς κλει ̣[νης ] ἕως ι ̣̄ζ ̣̄ (δραχμαὶ) ι ̄δ ̄, where the editor notes that ἱερ. κλ. = lectisternii. In ib. III. 523 (ii/A.D.) (= Selections, p. 97) the meal takes place not in a temple, but in the house of Claudius Serapion—ἐν τοῖς (cf. Luke 2:49) Κλαυδ (ίου) Σαραπίω (νος), where the difficulty of avoiding the εἰδωλόθυτον must have been specially great if the Christian was not to shun all social intercourse with heathen neighbours. In Syll 877.21 (c. B.C. 420) the word occurs (ex suppl.) meaning ";bier,"; as in Thucydifies and Plato. Had we later authority, it would be tempting to apply this in Revelation 2:22. [Charles (Studies in the Apocalypse, p. 98 ff.) understands κλίνη here = ";bed of illness or suffering"; in accordance with Heb. idiom : cf. Judith 8:8.]

In a will of B.C. 123 preserved, in the Gizeh-Museum (Inv. Nr. 103.88), and published by GH in Archiv i. p. 63 ff., the testator leaves practically the whole of his property to his wife, while his two sons receive nothing but a bed apiece (or perhaps a mattress and bed jointly)—.5 πλὴν στρώματος ἑνὸς καὶ κλείνης τορυνευτῆς α ̄. The inequality of the disposition leads the editors to remark that ";the bequest of a bed may well have been the Egyptian method of cutting off with a shilling.";


With this rare word (Acts 5:15) we may compare the adj. κλινήρης, ";bed-ridden,"; in P Oxy VI. 896.33 (A.D. 316) ὁρ ̣ῶμε [ν αὐτὸ ]ν ̣ το [ῦτ ]ον κ ̣λ ̣ε ̣[ινή ]ρ ̣η ̣ν ̣ ὄντα πυραιτίοις. . . συνεχ ̣[όμενον, ";we saw the man himself lying on a bed seized with a slight fever"; (Edd.). The same phrase occurs in the corresponding passage of ib. 983 : cf. BGU I. 45.14 (A.D. 203) πληγαῖς πλείσταις αὐτὸν ᾔκι ̣ζ ̣ο ̣ν καὶ ἐκ τούτου κλεινήρν γεγονέναι.

[Supplemental from 1930 edition]

For this rare dim. (Acts 5:15) cf. PSI VI. 616.14 (iii/B.C.) τὰ κλινάρια, and see JBL xlv. (1926), p 201.


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
κλίναι κλίνη κλινην κλίνην κλινης κλίνης κλινων κλινών κλινῶν klinen klinēn klínen klínēn klines klinēs klínes klínēs klinon klinôn klinōn klinō̂n
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